Yahya et al (2013) Integrated road safety management in Indonesia JACRS


In accord with the UN Global Decade of Action 2011-2020, Indonesia is committed to reducing its traffic fatalities by 50% by the end of 2020. Traffic accidents in 2010 were officially estimated to result in an annual social cost of about 3.1% of the Indonesian Gross Domestic Product (GDP), rising to 3.7% of GDP in 2011 (i.e., ~AUD 29.8 Billion of a total GDP equivalent to AUD 805 Billion in 2011). With rapid motorisation associated with economic development, annual social costs could approach some AUD 39 Billion or 4.6% of GDP. The Indonesian National Traffic Police Corps (Korps Lalu Lintas Polri, or Korlantas) has a central role in reducing traffic fatalities. Korlantas’ role is specified in Law 22 of 2009 relating to road traffic and transportation, and includes responsibilities for: road policing, traffic management and traffic enforcement; accident investigation; accident reporting and analysis; driver licensing; vehicle registration; and traffic education. Law 22/2009 provides the legislative framework for road safety activities, but the direction is provided by the National General Plan for Traffic and Road Transportation Safety (Rencana Umum Nasional Keselamatan Lalu Lintas dan Angkutan Jalan, or RUNK), which was released in 2011. The RUNK identifies five pillars on which to build road safety and traffic enforcement policies and actions: road safety management; safer roads; safer vehicles; safer road users; and, post crash care. To ensure that reliable and valid accident data are available, Korlantas has – with World Bank funding – developed a web-based accident investigation system (AIS). After piloting in Central Java during 2012, the AIS is available nationwide. Access to comprehensive, reliable and accurate road accident data makes it possible to identify the specific roads, vehicles and road users which need to be targeted with road safety and traffic enforcement interventions. Not only is the IRSMS being used as an accident investigation and policing tool, the system is able to be used by road safety stakeholders. The ability to access up-to-date accident data coupled with the need for Local, Provincial and National road safety interventions, the IRSMS will aid decision makers to develop evidence based strategies to reduce casualties and improve road safety in Indonesia.

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