Article

The Acute Effects of Yoga on Executive Function.

Dept of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Journal of Physical Activity and Health (Impact Factor: 1.95). 05/2013; 10(4):488-495.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background:
Despite an increase in the prevalence of yoga exercise, research focusing on the relationship between yoga exercise and cognition is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an acute yoga exercise session, relative to aerobic exercise, on cognitive performance.

Methods:
A repeated measures design was employed where 30 female college-aged participants (Mean age = 20.07, SD = 1.95) completed 3 counterbalanced testing sessions: a yoga exercise session, an aerobic exercise session, and a baseline assessment. The flanker and n-back tasks were used to measure cognitive performance.

Results:
Results showed that cognitive performance after the yoga exercise bout was significantly superior (ie, shorter reaction times, increased accuracy) as compared with the aerobic and baseline conditions for both inhibition and working memory tasks. The aerobic and baseline performance was not significantly different, contradicting some of the previous findings in the acute aerobic exercise and cognition literature.

Conclusion:
These findings are discussed relative to the need to explore the effects of other nontraditional modes of exercise such as yoga on cognition and the importance of time elapsed between the cessation of the exercise bout and the initiation of cognitive assessments in improving task performance.

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Available from: Neha Gothe, Mar 13, 2015
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    • "We included both moderate-intensity treadmill walking and cycle ergometry as aerobic exercise stimuli based on previous research in the general population that describes improvements in executive control in response to acute bouts of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (McMorris & Hale, 2012; McMorris, Sproule, Turner, & Hale, 2011). We included guided yoga as a nonaerobic exercise stimulus based on its presumably beneficial effects on executive control in the general population (Gothe et al., 2013). We compared the individual effects of each exercise condition with quiet rest on executive control measures as a first effort for delineating an exercise stimulus for improving cognition in a subsequent exercise training intervention. "
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