Naming outcome after left or right temporal lobectomy in patients with bilateral language representation by Wada testing
Objective: This study aimed to examine language outcome after left or right anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in patients with epilepsy with bilateral language representation on intracarotid sodium amobarbital (Wada) testing. Methods: Twenty-two patients with epilepsy with bilateral language (Wada laterality index between -50 and 50) underwent right ATL (RATL, n=10) or left ATL (LATL, n=12). All the patients were administered the Boston Naming Test preoperatively and six months postoperatively. Results: Left anterior temporal lobectomy patients showed greater postoperative naming decline than RATL patients. Group differences were also observed on subtests of the Wada test. Performance on the Wada naming and comprehension subtests was better in the nonsurgical hemisphere than in the surgical hemisphere in the RATL group, but there was no difference between the nonsurgical and the surgical hemisphere naming and comprehension performance in the LATL group. Conclusions: Left anterior temporal lobectomy patients with bilateral language are at greater risk for naming decline than RATL patients with bilateral language. This difference may be due to relatively better naming and comprehension abilities in the nonsurgical hemisphere in the RATL group.