Article

Nutritional and medicinal aspects of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) A review

British Food Journal (Impact Factor: 0.77). 05/2013; 115(5):743-755. DOI: 10.1108/00070701311331526

ABSTRACT

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of multiple functions of
the coriander plant, including its nutritional and nutraceutical benefits, with special reference to linalool.
Design/methodology/approach – The authors undertake a literature review of the coriander plant’s
history, chemical composition of coriander parts and its oil, and their nutraceutical potential. Various
phytopharmacological appraisals have been discussed at length to investigate their important potential.
Findings – Coriander is an annual, herbaceous plant which originated from the Mediterranean and
Middle Eastern regions and known as medicinal plants. Coriander contains an essential oil (0.03-2.6%).
The different parts of this plant contain monoterpenes, limpnene, a-pinene, g-terpinene, p-cymene,
citronellol, borneol, camphor, coriandrin, geraniol, dihydrocoriandrin, coriandronsA-E, flavonoids and
essential oils. It is used as a stomachic, spasmolytic and carminative which have a greater bioactive
property. Various parts of this plant, such as seeds, leaves, flower and fruit, possess antioxidant
activity, diuretic, anti-convulsant anti-diabetic activity, sedative hypnotic activity, anti-mutagenic,
anti-microbial activity, anthelmintic activity. The physical properties, chemical composition and
bioactivity affect the coriander’s commercial value.
Research limitations/implications – Currently available information on coriander seeds and
leaves is insufficient. These observations have led to continuing research aimed at identifying specific
bioactive components in foods, such as antioxidants, which may be responsible for improving and
maintaining health. Antioxidants are present in foods as vitamins, minerals, carotenoids, and
polyphenols. Coriander is also rich in such compounds. Research supports that some of these foods, as
part of an overall healthful diet, have the potential to delay the onset of many age-related diseases, so
there is urgent need to explore the role of these compounds.
Originality/value – This review is unique in its comprehensive nature and reflects the importance
of coriander as a medicinal food

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: A. H. El-Ghorab
    • "pollen can be transmitted from one flower to another by wind, insect pollination is essential for its agricultural production of seeds (Koul et al., 1989; Bendifallah et al., 2013). Coriander is a native plant in the Mediterranean region, where it is mainly grown in small-scale private gardens or fields (Carrubba et al., 2006) for its leaves, oils and seeds (Maroufi et al., 2010; Nadeem et al., 2013). However, its cultivation has been widespread in many regions all over the world (Western Europe, South and North America, India) and its production has become large-scale (Maroufi et al., 2010). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1. In order to understand how habitat management influences the agricultural production, this study evaluated if vicinity of mixed (six annual herbaceous species) or mono-specific (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) floral margins can improve seed production in coriander. 2. Potted coriander plants under field conditions were used to test: 1) the contribution of insect pollination (open vs. bagged umbels) to coriander seed production; and 2) the contribution of floral margins (mixed or mono-specific) to pollinator visitation to coriander. 3. Although coriander showed capacity to self-pollinate, bagged umbels (no insect pollination) produced significantly less seeds than open pollinated coriander umbels. 4. In the vicinity of floral margins (mixed or mono-specific), coriander plants were more frequently visited by pollinators than control plants (no margins), which consequently improved seed production and quality (seed weight and germination rate). 5. Finally, this study showed that the presence of both mixed and mono-specific margins can improve the production of coriander seeds by more than 220% and in addition conserve local pollinators within agro-ecosystems.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Agricultural and Forest Entomology
  • Source
    • "Coriander is also grown for essential oil or oleoresin preparations. Its oil content ranges from 0.03-2.6 % (Nadeem et al., 2013). Whole coriander plant is edible in nature but commonly its leaves and seeds serve as major component in many culinary preparations ranging from sauces, chutneys, soups, pickles, curries, seasoning preparations, spice powder mixes and recipes. "

    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015
  • Source
    • "It is an annual, herbaceous plant which originated from the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions and known as medicinal plants. It contains an essential oil (0.03 to 2.6%) (Nadeem et al., 2013). All parts of this herb are in use as flavoring agent and/or as traditional remedies for the treatment of different disorders in the folk medicine systems of different civilizations (Sahib et al., 2012). "

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014
Show more