Evaluation de l’abondance de plantes médicinales utilisées en médecine traditionnelle dans le Nord de la Côte d’Ivoire.

ArticleinJournal of Animal and Plant Sciences 17(3):2631-2641 · April 2013with91 Reads
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    Medicinal plants are still largely use in many West African countries such as Cote d’Ivoire. This
    study aimed at evaluating the abundance and availability of 11 medicinal plants from Northern
    Côte d’Ivoire. Floristic inventory based on random plot sampling method was applied on 104
    small squares (25 m x 25 m). Two thousand and fifty nine (2059) plants divided into 1341 adults
    and 718 juveniles were inventoried and distributed in diversity status according to the
    rarefaction index. The most abundant plants (Ri < 80%) was rare faction index Pericopsis
    laxiflora (Fabaceae), Piliostigma thonningii (Caesalpiniaceae), Vitellaria paradoxa (Sapotaceae)
    and Anogeissus leiocarpus (Combretaceae). The medium abundant species (Ri > 80%) were
    Ficus vallis-choudae (Moraceae), Annona senegalensis (Annonaceae), Securidaca
    longipedunculata (Polygalaceae), Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Meliaceae), Crossopteryx febrifuga
    (Rubiaceae) and Lannea barteri (Anacardiaceae). Only Sclerocarya birrea (Anacardiaceae) is
    rare (Ri = 100%) and threatened. This study raises the fact that there is an urgent need to
    develop methods for a sustainable use of these medicinal plants from Northern Côte d’Ivoire.