Expression of proinflammatory cytokines by human Mesenchymal stem cells in response to cyclic tensile strain

Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7115, USA.
Journal of Cellular Physiology (Impact Factor: 3.84). 04/2009; 219(1):77-83. DOI: 10.1002/jcp.21653
Source: PubMed


Mesenchymal stem cells produce proinflammatory cytokines during their normal growth. Direct or indirect regulation of bone resorption by these cytokines has been reported. However, the effects of osteogenic conditions-chemical and/or mechanical-utilized during in vitro bone tissue engineering on expression of cytokines by hMSCs have not been studied. In this study, we investigated the effects of cyclic tensile strain, culture medium (with and without dexamethasone), and culture duration on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) by bone marrow derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Human MSCs seeded in three-dimensional Type I collagen matrices were subjected to 0%, 10%, and 12% uniaxial cyclic tensile strains at 1 Hz for 4 h/day for 7 and 14 days in complete growth or dexamethasone-containing osteogenic medium. Viability of hMSCs was maintained irrespective of strain level and media conditions. Expression of either TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta was not observed in hMSCs under any of the conditions investigated in this study. Expression of IL-6 was dependent on culture medium. An increase in IL-6 expression was caused by both 10% and 12% strain levels. Both 10% and 12% strain levels caused an increase in IL-8 production by hMSCs that was dependent on the presence of dexamethasone. IL-6 and IL-8 expressions by hMSCs were induced by cyclic tensile strain and osteogenic differentiating media, indicating that IL-6 and IL-8 may be functioning as autocrine signals during osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs.

Download full-text


Available from: Nancy A Monteiro-Riviere
  • Source
    • "In addition, the magnitude of cyclic tension may regulate MSC fate decisions, with myogenesis favoured at high tensile strains while low tensile strains were more beneficial for osteogenesis of rabbit MSCs in the absence of growth factors (Jang et al. 2011). Cyclic tensile strain has also been shown to induce the expression of proinflammatory cytokines known to inhibit bone resorption , suggesting that mechanical stimulation not only induces osteogenesis but helps to maintain bone formation (Sumanasinghe et al. 2009). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Biophysical cues play a key role in directing the lineage commitment of mesenchymal stem cells or multipotent stromal cells (MSCs), but the mechanotransductive mechanisms at play are still not fully understood. This review article first describes the roles of both substrate mechanics (e.g. stiffness and topography) and extrinsic mechanical cues (e.g. fluid flow, compression, hydrostatic pressure, tension) on the differentiation of MSCs. A specific focus is placed on the role of such factors in regulating the osteogenic, chondrogenic, myogenic and adipogenic differentiation of MSCs. Next, the article focuses on the cellular components, specifically integrins, ion channels, focal adhesions and the cytoskeleton, hypothesized to be involved in MSC mechanotransduction. This review aims to illustrate the strides that have been made in elucidating how MSCs sense and respond to their mechanical environment, and also to identify areas where further research is needed.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Journal of Anatomy
  • Source
    • "A previous report showed that IL-8 was up-regulated in T-ALL cells refractory to chemotherapy [18]. IL-8 is known to be secreted by both hMSCs and T-ALL cells [19,20]. However, other reports reported that CCRF-CEM, Jurkat, MOLT-4 and primary T-ALL cells do not express IL-8 receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2 [19,21]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Relapsed T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) has been an incurable disease. Recent reports showed that an L-arginine depleting enzyme, pegylated arginase (BCT-100) may be effective against T-ALL cells. On the other hand, studies including ours had shown the symbiosis of ALL blasts and human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) in bone marrow microenvironment during L-asparaginase treatment. As L-asparaginase and BCT-100 both act by depleting lymphoid cells of specific amino acid, we hypothesized that hMSCs may also protect T-ALL blasts from BCT-100 treatment in co-culture and such protection may be abrogated by pre-treating hMSCs with vincristine (VCR). Methods XTT assay was used to test sensitivities of T-ALL cell lines and hMSCs to BCT-100. Apoptosis of T-ALL cell lines with or without BCT-100 treatment were tested by annexin V / propidium iodide (AV/PI) assay using flow cytometer. Western blotting was performed to analyze the expression of ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC), an enzyme involved in L-arginine metabolism which may account for BCT-100 resistance. Results hMSCs were resistant to BCT-100 while CCRF-CEM, Jurkat and MOLT-4 were very sensitive to it. hMSCs could protect all the three cell lines from BCT-100 treatment in transwell co-culture. All the 3 T-ALL cell lines were also found to be rescued by an L-arginine precursor citrulline, while the breakdown product of BCT-100, ornithine only had limited salvaging effect on CCRF-CEM but not Jurkat and MOLT-4. Both hMSCs and 3 T-ALL cell lines express citrulline synthesis enzyme, ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) at basal level while only hMSCs could express OTC at relatively higher level under BCT-100 treatment. Treating hMSCs with vincristine before co-culturing with T-ALL could resume the cytotoxicity of BCT-100 to CCRF-CEM and MOLT-4 cells. Conclusions Our results suggest a possible strategy to overcome resistance to BCT-100 from cancer microenvironments by suppressing hMSCs either in marrow or in the perivascular niche using vincristine.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human adipose tissue represents an abundant reservoir of stromal cells with potential utility for tissue engineering. The current study demonstrates the ability of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells to display some of the hallmarks of osteoblast differentiation in vitro. Following treatment with ascorbate, beta-glycerophosphate, dexamethasone, and 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D(3), adipose tissue-derived stromal cells mineralize their extracellular matrix based on detection of calcium phosphate deposits using Alizarin Red and von Kossa histochemical stains. Fourier transform infrared analysis demonstrates the apatitic nature of these crystals. Mineralization is accompanied by increased expression or activity of the osteoblast-associated proteins osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase. These and other osteoblast-associated gene markers are detected based on polymerase chain reaction. In contrast, the adipocyte gene markers--leptin, lipoprotein lipase, and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma2--are reduced under mineralization conditions, consistent with the reciprocal relationship postulated to exist between adipocytes and osteoblasts. The current work supports the presence of a multipotent stromal cell population within human extramedullary adipose tissue. These findings have potential implications for human bone tissue bioengineering.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2002 · Tissue Engineering
Show more