Article

Police Officer Perceptions of Intimate Partner Violence: An Analysis of Observational Data

School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
Violence and Victims (Impact Factor: 1.28). 02/2008; 23(6):683-96. DOI: 10.1891/0886-6708.23.6.683
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

This article explores police officer perceptions of intimate partner violence (IPV) using observational data from police ride-alongs. We performed a qualitative analysis of narrative data from the Project on Policing Neighborhoods (POPN) to examine officers' views of IPV as well as whether policing philosophy is related to officers' attitudes toward IPV. Results indicate that POPN officers expressed problematic views of IPV (including simplification of IPV, victim blaming, patriarchal attitudes toward women, and presumption of victim noncooperation) as well as progressive views of IPV (including recognition of the complexity of IPV, awareness of barriers to leaving, and consideration of IPV as serious and worthy of police intervention). Additionally, our analysis offers tentative support for a relationship between policing philosophy and officers' attitudes toward IPV. While this study is largely exploratory, we address the implications of our findings both for police practice and training and for future research.

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    • "Research also supports the idea that police officers holding traditional or prejudiced views of women (e.g., sexist attitudes, patriarchal, or misogynistic beliefs) approach cases of IPVAW differently by, for example, showing more victim-blaming attitudes, responding less forcefully, or under-enforcing the law in these cases (DeJong et al., 2008; Feder, 1997: Gracia et al., 2011; Saunders, 1995; Saunders & Size, 1986). "
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    ABSTRACT: This article explores male police officers’ law enforcement preferences across different scenarios of interpersonal violence, involving intimate (partner violence against women) and non-intimate relationships (between- and within-gender). The influence of police officers’ sexist attitudes and empathy on their law enforcement preferences was also analyzed within and across these scenarios. The sample consisted of 308 male police officers. Results showed that police officers prefer a stronger and unconditional law enforcement approach in cases of violence against women, both in intimate and non-intimate relationships. Benevolent sexism was linked to a preference for a more conditional law enforcement across interpersonal violence scenarios. The type of interpersonal violence scenario also conditioned the influence of hostile sexism and empathy on police preferences. Implications for training and selection of police officers are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Criminal Justice and Behavior
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    • "Officers likely draw from varied narratives in their attempts to make sense of the people involved in each situation and reach different conclusions about who is a victim and who is a victimizer. As DeJong et al. (2008) found, officers working in the same jurisdictions reflect different understandings of IPV, " ranging from problematic (simplification of IPV, victim blaming, patriarchal attitudes toward women, and presumption of victim noncooperation) to progressive (recognition of the complexity of IPV, awareness of barriers to leaving, and consideration of IPV as serious and worthy of police intervention) " (p.692). Similarly, Buzawa and Buzawa (2003) argue that " different officers have far different propensities to make arrests " (p.152). "
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    ABSTRACT: Many jurisdictions in the U.S. have implemented mandatory arrest policies in an attempt to limit police officers’ discretion in their arrest decisions when responding to intimate partner violence calls. Drawing from semi-structured interviews with female victims of intimate partner violence, I explore the ways in which mandatory arrest policies have influenced the identity work of women during their interactions with police officers. I focus specifically on women’s “unsuccessful” identity claims: situations where women are unable to convince police officers that they are victims and situations where women are unable to convince officers that they are not victims. I examine the strategies that women use during their identity work and explore the consequences of women’s failed self presentations under mandatory arrest policies, the most significant of which is a woman’s arrest. I argue that under mandatory arrest policies, for many women, the risk of failed identity work is even more consequential than before these policies were established. KeywordsIdentity work–Intimate partner violence–Mandatory arrest–Police–Victimization
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Qualitative Sociology
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    • "Sexism and just-world beliefs are variables that may influence police officers' views on women as well as on the causes of incidents of partner violence and, consequently, these are variables of relevance to better understand police officers' preferences for different types of approaches to policing partner violence . For example, research has found that police officers holding patriarchal or misogynistic views may justify or blame women for their own victimization , are more inclined to arrest victims, or believe that arrests should not be made in cases involving partner violence (DeJong et al., 2008; Saunders, 1995; Saunders & Size, 1986). Just-world beliefs will also be analyzed because the just-world hypothesis (Lerner, 1980) suggests that the motivation to see the world as just can lead people to blame victims for their own victimization (in this case, victims of partner violence against women). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study analyzed whether police attitudes toward policing partner violence against women corresponded with different psychosocial profiles. Two attitudes toward policing partner violence were considered—one reflecting a general preference for a conditional law enforcement (depending on the willingness of the victim to press charges against the offender) and the other reflecting a general preference for unconditional law enforcement (regardless of the victim’s willingness to press charges against the offender). Results from a sample of 378 police officers showed that those police officers who expressed a general preference for unconditional law enforcement scored higher in other-oriented empathy, were less sexist, tended to perceive the same incidents of partner violence as more serious, and felt more personally responsible, as compared to the group of police officers who expressed a preference for a conditional law enforcement approach. Implications for police education are considered.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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