Loss of function of KIAA2022 causes mild to severe intellectual disability with an autism spectrum disorder and impairs neurite outgrowth

Centre de Génétique Humaine, Université de Franche-Comté, 25000 Besançon, France.
Human Molecular Genetics (Impact Factor: 6.39). 04/2013; 22(16). DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddt187
Source: PubMed


Existence of a discrete new X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) syndrome due to KIAA2022 deficiency was questioned by disruption of KIAA2022 by an X-chromosome pericentric inversion in a XLID family we reported in 2004. Three additional families with likely pathogenic KIAA2022 mutations were discovered within the frame of systematic parallel sequencing of familial cases of XLID or in the context of routine array-CGH evaluation of sporadic ID cases. The c.186delC and c.3597dupA KIAA2022 truncating mutations were identified by X-chromosome exome sequencing, while array-CGH discovered a 70kb microduplication encompassing KIAA2022 exon 1 in the third family. This duplication decreased KIAA2022 mRNA level in patients' lymphocytes by 60%. Detailed clinical examination of all patients, including the two initially reported, indicated moderate to severe ID with autistic features, strabismus in all patients, with no specific dysmorphic features other than a round face in infancy, and no structural brain abnormalities on MRI. Interestingly, the patient with decreased KIAA2022 expression had only mild ID with severe language delay and repetitives behaviors falling in the range of an autism dpectrum disorder. Since little is known on KIAA2022 function, we conducted morphometric studies in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. We found that siRNA-mediated KIAA2022 knockdown resulted in marked impairment in neurite outgrowth including both the dendrites and the axons, suggesting a major role for KIAA2022 in neuron development and brain function.

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Available from: Heng-Ye Man, Mar 22, 2015
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    • "After several neurites arise from the cell body, higher-order neurites emerge from the primary neurites (Craig and Banker 1994; Konur and Ghosh 2005). Alterations in the normal formation of neuronal processes contribute to neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders such as schizophrenia , mental retardation, and autism (Pardo and Eberhart 2007; Van Maldergem et al. 2013; Xu et al. 2013). "
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