Immune Antibody Monitoring Predicts Outcome in Islet Transplantation

Clinical Islet Transplant Program, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Diabetes (Impact Factor: 8.1). 05/2013; 62(5):1377-8. DOI: 10.2337/db13-0019
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Available from: PubMed Central, Dec 18, 2014 · License: CC BY-NC-ND
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    ABSTRACT: We report on two patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) after solitary islet transplantation in 2001. They received steroid-sparing immunosuppression (daclizumab, sirolimus, and tacrolimus according to the Edmonton protocol). Both patients became insulin independent for 2 years: Patient A, a 42-year-old female with a 12-year history of T1D, received two islet infusions; patient B, a 53-year-old female with a 40-year T1D history, received one islet infusion. Pretransplant, both had undetectable C-peptide concentrations and frequent and severe hypoglycemia. Pretransplant, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was 7.8% and 8.8% and insulin requirements were 0.47 and 0.33 units/kg/day, respectively. Posttransplant, C-peptide levels remained detectable while immunosuppression was continued, but decreased over time. Insulin was re-started 2 years posttransplant in both patients. Since patient A's glycemia and insulin requirements trended toward pretransplant levels, immunosuppression was discontinued after 13 years. This resulted in a sudden cessation of C-peptide secretion. Patient B continues on immunosuppression, has better HbA1c, and half the insulin requirement compared to pretransplant. Both patients no longer experience severe hypoglycemia. Herein, we document blood glucose concentrations over time (>30 000 measurements per patient) and β cell function based on C-peptide secretion. Despite renewed insulin dependence, both patients express satisfaction with having undergone the procedure. © Copyright 2015 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · American Journal of Transplantation