The German National Registry for Primary Immunodeficiencies (PID).
Centre of Chronic Immunodeficiency (CCI), University Medical Center Freiburg and University of Freiburg, Germany.Clinical & Experimental Immunology (Impact Factor: 3.04). 03/2013; 173(2). DOI: 10.1111/cei.12105
In 2009, a federally funded clinical and research consortium (PID-NET, www.pid-net.org) established the first national registry for primary immunodeficiencies (PID) in Germany. The registry contains clinical and genetic information on PID patients and is set up within the framework of the existing European Database for Primary Immunodeficiencies, run by the European Society for Primary Immunodeficiencies. Following the example of other national registries, a central data entry clerk has been employed to support data entry at the participating centres. Regulations for ethics approvals have presented a major challenge for participation of individual centres and have led to a delay of data entry in some cases. Data on 630 patients, entered in the European registry between 2004 and 2009, were incorporated into the national registry. From April 2009 to March 2012, the number of contributing centres increased from seven to 21, and 738 additional patients were reported, leading to a total number of 1,368 patients, of which 1,232 were alive. The age distribution of living patients differs significantly by gender, with twice as many males than females among children, but 15% more women than men in the age group 30 and older. The diagnostic delay between onset of symptoms and diagnosis has decreased for some PID over the past 20 years, but remains particularly high at a median of four years in common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), the most prevalent PID.
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ABSTRACT: Purpose Estimating the underlying demand for immunoglobulin (Ig) is important to ensure that adequate provision is made for patients with primary immune deficiency (PID) in the context of the competing demands for Ig and to ensure optimal therapeutic regimens. The concept of latent therapeutic demand (LTD) was used to estimate evidence-based requirements and compared to the actual Ig consumption in different countries. The estimates were performed for common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and X-linked Agammaglobulinaemia (XLA), the two most commonly studied PIDs using Ig. Methods The LTD model for CVID and XLA was derived using decision analysis methodology. Data for the epidemiology and treatment variables were obtained from peer-reviewed publications, clinical registries and publicly-available patient surveys. Incomplete data records from registries were excluded from analysis. The variables impacting LTD were ranked in order of sensitivity through a tornado diagram. The uncertainty surrounding the variables was modeled using probabilistic distributions and evaluated using Monte Carlo simulation. Results Treatment dosage and prevalence were determined to be the most sensitive variables driving demand. The average potential usage of Ig for the treatment of CVID and XLA was estimated at 72 g per 1,000 population, which is higher than the estimated Ig usage in CVID and XLA of 27–41 g per 1,000 population in the US. Conclusion The potential demand for treating CVID and XLA exceeds the currently observed usage of Ig in these disorders. Variable usage in different countries is due to varying prevalence and dosage practices. Under-reporting in patient registries represents a major obstacle to calculating the true prevalence of CVID and XLA. Modeling demand relies heavily upon accurate prevalence and practice estimates which reemphasize the importance of accurate registries and improved registry methods. As better data becomes available, revision of model variables provides opportunities to anticipate and prepare for evolving patient needs.
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ABSTRACT: This report summarizes the establishment of the first national online registry of primary immune deficency in the United Kingdom, the United Kingdom Primary Immunodeficiency (UKPID Registry). This UKPID Registry is based on the European Society for Immune Deficiency (ESID) registry platform, hosted on servers at the Royal Free site of University College, London. It is accessible to users through the website of the United Kingdom Primary Immunodeficiency Network (www.ukpin.org.uk). Twenty-seven centres in the United Kingdom are actively contributing data, with an additional nine centres completing their ethical and governance approvals to participate. This indicates that 36 of 38 (95%) of recognized centres in the United Kingdom have engaged with this project. To date, 2229 patients have been enrolled, with a notable increasing rate of recruitment in the past 12 months. Data are presented on the range of diagnoses recorded, estimated minimum disease prevalence, geographical distribution of patients across the United Kingdom, age at presentation, diagnostic delay, treatment modalities used and evidence of their monitoring and effectiveness.
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