Article

Preparing of pellets by extrusion/spheronization using different types of equipment and process conditions

Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, University of Szeged , Szeged , Hungary and.
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy (Impact Factor: 2.1). 04/2013; 40(6). DOI: 10.3109/03639045.2013.783588
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Introduction:
The focus of this work was to produce matrix pellets made by extrusion/ spheronization using two types of equipment. The aim was to accomplish the laboratory-scale I process that has been already optimized and accepted with another type of equipment (laboratory-scale II).

Methods:
A matrix pellet formulation consisting of MCC, Eudragit NE 30D and diclofenac sodium was used in the two types of equipment. Physico-chemical parameters and the dissolution profiles of the pellets in phosphate buffer pH 6.8 were compared.

Results:
Pellets from both processes were similar in shape and tensile strength. They differed in particle size and dissolution profile. This may be contributed to different spheronization conditions.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Klára Pintye-Hódi
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Herbal drugs have been used for thousands of years in the east and have had a recent resurgence in popularity among consumers in the west. However, most of herbal drug are poorly soluble and have hydrophobic properties and poor distribution, leading to reduced bioavailability and hence decreased treatment efficacy, requiring repeated administration or increased dose. In the past few decades, considerable attention has been focused on the development of self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) for herbal drugs. SEDDS is isotropic and thermodynamically stable solutions consisting of oil, surfactant, co-surfactant and drug that can spontaneously form oil-in-water micro/nanoemulsion when mixed with water under gentle stirring. The formulation can be a viable alternative to classical formulations to take advantage of their lipophilic nature and to solve their problems of poor solubility, poor bioavailability, low oral absorption and instability. The mechanism of self-emulsification, solubility studies, construction of phase diagram, optimization and characterization of herbal drugs-loaded SEDDS formulation and in situ absorption evaluation of herbal drugs in rat intestine are presented in our article.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Drug Delivery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop a novel fenofibric acid-loaded controlled release pellet showing enhanced, or equivalent to, bioavailability compared with two commercially available products containing fenofibrate or choline fenofibrate. The effect of solubilizing agents on drug solubility and the impact of fillers on core properties were investigated. Among them, magnesium carbonate most improved drug solubility, and κ-carrageenan provided the best spherical cores. The fenofibric acid-loaded pellet was prepared with magnesium carbonate and κ-carrageenan employing the extrusion/spheronizing technique followed by coating with ethylcellulose. Furthermore, dissolution and pharmacokinetic study in beagle dogs were performed compared to the fenofibrate-loaded commercial tablet (FCT) and choline fenofibrate-loaded commercial mini-tablet (CFCM). This fenofibric acid-loaded pellet showed controlled release of the drug in phosphate buffer (pH 6.8) and 0.025M sodium laurylsulfate within 4h. Furthermore, this pellet and CFCM exhibited similar dissolution profiles. Plasma concentrations greater than 1000 ng/ml were maintained from 30min to 8h, suggesting a sustained release pattern. Also, the fenofibric acid-loaded pellet gave significantly higher AUC and Cmax values than FCT, indicating that it improved the bioavailability of fenofibrate due to enhanced solubility and sustained release. In addition, this pellet and CFCM were not significantly different in terms of pharmacokinetic parameters including AUC, Cmax and Tmax. Thus, this pellet was bioequivalent to CFCM in beagle dogs. In conclusion, this fenofibric acid-loaded controlled release pellet would be a potential alternative to the choline fenofibrate-loaded commercial product. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics