Serotype distribution of pneumococci isolated from pediatric patients with acute otitis media and invasive infection, and potential coverage of pneumococcal conjugated vaccines

Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan", Combate de los Pozos 1881 (1245) Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Revista Argentina de microbiología (Impact Factor: 0.8). 04/2013; 45(1):27-33.
Source: PubMed


A 16-month prospective, descriptive study was conducted on pneumococcal serotype distribution isolated from children with acute otitis media (AOM) and invasive infections (INV). Eighty-nine children with pneumococcal INV and 324 with a first episode of AOM were included. Bacterial pathogens (N = 326) were isolated from the middle-ear fluid of 250 patients. A total of 30 pneumococcal serotypes were identified. Prevalent serotypes were 14, 19A, 9V, 3, 19F, 6A, 23F, and 18C in AOM and 14, 1, 19A, 5, 12F, 6B, and 18C in INV. Potential coverage with PCV10 vaccine would be 46.5 % and 60.7 % for pneumococci involved in AOM and INV, respectively; it would be 71.7 % and 73 % with PCV13. PCV10, conjugated with a Haemophilus protein, would have an immunologic coverage of 39.9 % for AOM vs. 18.5 % with PCV13. However, differences in the prevention of INV were crucial for the decision to include the 13-valent vaccine in the national calendar for children less than two years old in Argentina.

Download full-text


Available from: Horacio A Lopardo, Apr 20, 2015
  • Source
    • "This finding is similar to that recently reported in a study from China, which demonstrated that serotype 19A strains were more frequently isolated from children with IPD [22]. However, our findings differed from those recently reported in a study from Argentina, which showed that serotypes 14, 1, 19A, 5, 12F, 6B, and 18C were the most prevalent serotypes in patients with IPD [23]. In our study, serotype 23A was the second most common serotype in adult patients (15.9%), but only accounted for 9.7% of cases of IPD in children. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is essential to investigate the serotype distribution of pneumococcal diseases in each region and its associated clinical features. This study investigated the annual incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and the distribution of serotypes of isolates causing IPD at a medical center in northern Taiwan during the period 2000 to 2012. Serotypes of all available Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates causing IPD were determined using the latex agglutination test. During the study period, the annual incidence (per 10,000 admissions) of IPD decreased significantly from 9.8 in 2000 to 2.1 in 2012 (P < 0.001). The annual incidence of all-cause bacteremia, primary pneumococcal bacteremia, bacteremic pneumonia, peritonitis, and meningitis also decreased significantly during the study period (P < 0.05). In contrast to the decrease in annual incidence of pneumococcal serotypes 14, 23F and 6B, the incidence and the proportion of serotype 19A significantly increased with time (P < 0.001). The coverage rate of 7-valent protein conjugated vaccine (PCV-7) and PCV-10 decreased significantly; however, the coverage rate of PCV-13 and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV-23) remained stable over time. Serotype 14 and 19A isolates were commonly isolated from blood and pleural effusion, respectively. Serotypes 14 and 23F were the two most common serotypes found in adult patients, and serotypes 14 and 19A were the two most common serotypes isolated from children. Although the incidence of IPD has decreased, serotype 19A is an emerging problem in Taiwan. The distribution of serotypes of pneumococci varied with clinical symptoms and age. As the changing distribution of pneumococcal serotype with time, the coverage rate of pneumococcal vaccines would be different.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · BMC Infectious Diseases
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Pneumococcal meningitis is causedby Streptococcuspneumoniae and hashigh morbidity and mortality rates. The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiological and clinical characteristics, antibiotic sensitivity and evolution of pneumococcal meningitis in children prior to the introduction of the vaccine in Argentina. Methods: Patients younger than 18 years old hospitalizedat Hospital J. P. Garrahanbetween1999 and 2010 were included. Children's microbiology lab records and case records were reviewed. Results: One hundred and eleven children with S. pneumoniae meningitis were identified. Forty cases were found in the 1999-2002 period, 35 in the 2003-2006 period, and 36 in the 20072010 period. The mean age was 7 months old (range: 1-191). One hundred and four patients were immunocompetent (94%). Only 20 patients (18%) had an underlying disease. The most commonly observed clinical presentation was neurological involvement in 80 patients (75%), and sepsis in59 (53%). Forty-nine patients (44%) had to be admitted to the ICU. A second clinical source of infection was identified in 24 patients (22%); half of these cases corresponded to pneumonia. Positive findings were observed in the cerebrospinal fluid culture of 103 patients (93%) and in the blood culture of 88 (79%). Resistance to penicillin was identified in 15% of cases, while 5% showed resistance to cefotaxime. Antibiotic resistance was reduced over the years. Complications occurred in 56 patients (50%), and 11 (10%) died because of the infection. Conclusion: Antimicrobial resistance by S. pneumoniae was reduced over time. It is important to maintain epidemiological surveillance to assess the impact of immunization in Argentina.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Archivos argentinos de pediatría
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Five hundred and thirty-seven children admitted to Hospital Dr. Notti and diagnosed with invasive pneumococcal disease between 1993 and 2011 were studied. Their median age was 19 months (range= 0-192 months); 34.82% were <1 year old and 23.46%, >60 months old. Pneumonia with or without effusion (48.04%) and meningitis (29.05%) were the most predominant conditions, with a case fatality rate of 6.14%. Identified serotypes corresponded to 14, 5 and 1 in56.86% of cases. Sensitivity to penicillin was observed in99.74% of non-meningeal strains, while sensitivity to ceftriaxone was found in 98.08% ofmeningeal strains. Risk factors inpneumonia with effusionwere associated to age >60 months old, RR: 1.47 (1.06-2.04), p= 0.02, to serotype 5, RR: 2.57 (1.71-3.87), p= 0.0001, and to serotype 1, RR: 1.86 (1.17-2.96), p= 0.014; in the case of meningitis, risk factors were mainly associated to age <1 year old, RR: 2.35 (1.87-3.06), p= 0.0000, and to serotype 18C, RR: 2.19 (1.3-3.7), p= 0.024. Conclusion. Streptococcus pneumonia was a major problem in infants younger than one year old, who predominantly developed meningitis which caused half of deaths, and in children older than 60 months old, who had a prevalence of pneumonia with effusion. Most cases were sensitive to penicillin and ceftriaxone.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Archivos argentinos de pediatría
Show more