MiR-139 Inhibits Mcl-1 Expression and Potentiates TMZ-Induced Apoptosis in Glioma
Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
(Impact Factor: 3.93).
04/2013; 19(7). DOI: 10.1111/cns.12089
Mcl-1, an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, is overexpressed in human glioblastoma, conferring a survival advantage to tumor cells. The mechanisms underlying its dysregulation have not been clarified. In this study, we explored the involvement of micro-RNAs that acted as endogenous sequence-specific suppressors of gene expression.
Methods and results:
Using computational and TCGA analysis, we identified miR-139 as being downregulated in glioblastoma in comparison with human brain tissue, as well as possessing a putative target site in Mcl-1 mRNA. Overexpression of miR-139 led to a clear decrease in Mcl-1 expression in gliomas. Reporter assays revealed direct post-transcriptional regulation involving miR-139 and the 3'-untranslated region of Mcl-1. Human glioma tissues with low expression of miR-139 displayed higher expression of Mcl-1 protein than those with high expression, suggesting that low miR-139 contributes to Mcl-1 overexpression. In addition, upregulation of miR-139 suppressed the proliferation and enhanced temozolomide (TMZ)-induced apoptosis. Finally, we observed that Mcl-1 knockdown resulted in similar effects compared with miR-139 transfection.
Our results suggested that miR-139 negatively regulated Mcl-1 and induced apoptosis in cooperation with an anticancer drug TMZ in glioma.
Available from: sciencedirect.com
- "Student's t-test: *P < 0.05. cells evolve to evade apoptosis so that they can escape from the surveillance system and chemotherapy in the crucial tumor growth environment  . It is noteworthy that TMZ is the main therapy for glioma patients . "
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Current treatments for the most common form of brain tumor, glioma, are disappointing in their effectiveness. GART, an enzyme in the core nucleotide metabolism, the low expression levels significantly correlated with chemosensitivity, conferring a survival advantage to tumor cells. Our study aimed to explore the expression and function of GART in glioma.
Immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis were performed in 70 cases of human gliomas and normal brain tissues. And we mainly used cell growth assay and multicellular tumor spheroid formation assay to evaluate the proliferation and chemosensitivity of glioma cells.
High GART expression (most cancer cells cytoplasm stained) was observed in 70 specimens and was related to the grade of malignancy. We also reviewed each grade of tumors separately and investigated whether GART expression predicted patient survival within each subgroup. In brief, GART overexpression was significantly associated with overall survival (P = 0.03). Interestingly, transfecting cells with GART-siRNA suppressed proliferation and enhanced temozolomide (TMZ)-induced apoptosis in glioma cells.
The current results showed that GART expression was associated with glioma grade and that high GART protein expression might be related to poor outcome.
Available from: Alexander Vlassov
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ABSTRACT: Metastasis is a complex, multistep process involved in the progression of cancer from a localized primary tissue to distant sites, often characteristic of the more aggressive forms of this disease. Despite being studied in great detail in recent years, the mechanisms that govern this process remain poorly understood. In this study, we identify a novel role for miR-139-5p in the inhibition of breast cancer progression. We highlight its clinical relevance by reviewing miR-139-5p expression across a wide variety of breast cancer subtypes using in-house generated and online data sets to show that it is most frequently lost in invasive tumors. A biotin pull-down approach was then used to identify the mRNA targets of miR-139-5p in the breast cancer cell line MCF7. Functional enrichment analysis of the pulled-down targets showed significant enrichment of genes in pathways previously implicated in breast cancer metastasis (P < 0.05). Further bioinformatic analysis revealed a predicted disruption to the TGFβ, Wnt, Rho, and MAPK/PI3K signaling cascades, implying a potential role for miR-139-5p in regulating the ability of cells to invade and migrate. To corroborate this finding, using the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line, we show that overexpression of miR-139-5p results in suppression of these cellular phenotypes. Furthermore, we validate the interaction between miR-139-5p and predicted targets involved in these pathways. Collectively, these results suggest a significant functional role for miR-139-5p in breast cancer cell motility and invasion and its potential to be used as a prognostic marker for the aggressive forms of breast cancer.
Available from: Yongsheng Li
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ABSTRACT: Glioma is the most common and fatal primary brain tumour with poor prognosis; however, the functional roles of miRNAs in glioma malignant progression are insufficiently understood. Here, we used an integrated approach to identify miRNA functional targets during glioma malignant progression by combining the paired expression profiles of miRNAs and mRNAs across 160 Chinese glioma patients, and further constructed the functional miRNA-mRNA regulatory network. As a result, most tumour-suppressive miRNAs in glioma progression were newly discovered, whose functions were widely involved in gliomagenesis. Moreover, three miRNA signatures, with different combinations of hub miRNAs (regulations≥30) were constructed, which could independently predict the survival of patients with all gliomas, high-grade glioma and glioblastoma. Our network-based method increased the ability to identify the prognostic biomarkers, when compared with the traditional method and random conditions. Hsa-miR-524-5p and hsa-miR-628-5p, shared by these three signatures, acted as protective factors and their expression decreased gradually during glioma progression. Functional analysis of these miRNA signatures highlighted their critical roles in cell cycle and cell proliferation in glioblastoma malignant progression, especially hsa-miR-524-5p and hsa-miR-628-5p exhibited dominant regulatory activities. Therefore, network-based biomarkers are expected to be more effective and provide deep insights into the molecular mechanism of glioma malignant progression.
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