Article

Meeting and exceeding dairy recommendations: Effects of dairy consumption on nutrient intakes and risk of chronic disease

Dairy Research Institute, Rosemont, Illinois, USA.
Nutrition Reviews (Impact Factor: 6.08). 04/2013; 71(4):209-23. DOI: 10.1111/nure.12007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans indicate the US population is experiencing an epidemic of overweight and obesity while maintaining a nutrient-poor, energy-dense diet associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. To build upon the review of published research in the Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010, this article aims to review the scientific literature pertaining to the consumption of dairy foods and the effects of dairy consumption on nutrient intakes and chronic disease risk published between June 2010, when the report was released, and September 2011. PubMed was searched for articles using the following key words: dairy, milk, nutrient intake, bone health, body composition, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and blood pressure. Evidence indicates that increasing dairy consumption to the recommended amount, i.e., three servings daily for individuals ≥9 years of age, helps close gaps between current nutrient intakes and recommendations. Consuming more than three servings of dairy per day leads to better nutrient status and improved bone health and is associated with lower blood pressure and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

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    • "The authors concluded that the roles of specific dairy products need to be clarified and that mechanistic studies should be conducted to expand on the current research. Another evidence-based review examining studies published just after the 2010 DGA report arrived at essentially the same conclusions [14]. Aune et al. [15] conducted a systematic review and dose– response meta-analysis of 17 cohort studies related to dairy intake and T2D risk. "
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    • "Milk is known to contain a number of components that have anticarcinogenic effects when tested in studies with animal biomedical models (e.g., Parodi, 2007). Likewise, epidemiology studies indicate that the consumption of milk and dairy products reduces the risk against many types of cancer including bladder, breast, and colon cancers (e.g., reviews by Kliem and Givens, 2011; Rice et al., 2013). An exception is prostate cancer where an overview of studies suggests a very modest positive association between milk consumption and the risk of prostate cancer; several mechanisms to explain this effect are being actively investigated (e.g., Parodi, 2009). "
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