Gastric cancer with minimal peritoneal metastasis: Is this a sign to give up or to treat more aggressively?

Department of Surgery II (Department of Gastroenterological Surgery), Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.
Nagoya journal of medical science (Impact Factor: 0.75). 02/2013; 75(1-2):3-10.
Source: PubMed


Peritoneal metastasis from gastric cancer is often undetectable by routine imaging studies. Even a microscopic metastasis detected only by cytologic examination of the peritoneal washes denotes a dismal prognosis, and surgery is ruled out as futile for patients who turn out to be cytology-positive by staging laparoscopy. On the other hand, recent developments in cancer chemotherapy have improved the outcome of the cytology-positive population to the point where a certain proportion of these patients survive for 5 years through a straightforward strategy of radical surgery followed by chemotherapy. Thus, there is certainly a role for surgeons in patients with minimal peritoneal metastasis, both in clinical practice and in clinical trials where multimodal treatment strategies including surgery are to be explored. Even in this category of patients, surgery in combination with various types of chemotherapy remains the only hope for a cure.

Download full-text


Available from: Yasuhiro Kodera, Mar 24, 2015
  • Source
    • "Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2014;7(4):1553-1562 ress to the peritoneal surface [6] [7] [8] [9]. At present, there are no ideal diagnostic methods for peritoneal dissemination and the conventional cytological results are poor [11] [12]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study is to evaluate the effect of methylated p16 on the progression in patients with gastric cancer (GC), and develop a useful biomarker for predicting patient's prognosis. Methylation status of p16 in GC, their corresponding para-cancerous histological normal tissues (PCHNTs), preoperative peritoneal washes (PPWs) and serum were assessed using real-time methylation specific-PCR (MSP). The frequency of p16 methylation was significantly higher in GC tissues (85.9%; 79/92) than that in paired PCHNTs (12.0%; 11/92) (P<0.0001). p16 methylation correlated closely with lymph node metastasis, peritoneal metastasis, TNM stage, et al (all P<0.05). Both frequency of p16 methylation in PPWs and serum were 79.7% (63/92). The Aζ value of the receiver-operator characteristic curve for methylated p16 was 0.899 for serum and PPWs, compared to that in GC tissues. The patients with elevated methylated p16 levels in tumor tissues had poorer disease-free survival (DFS) rates than those without (P=0.042). There is a narrow significant difference in median survival time of more than 30 months between patients with and without preoperatively detectable methylated p16 in serum (P=0.057). Methylated p16 in PPWs revealed no significant association with survival (P=0.129). Cox regression analysis showed that serum methylated p16 DNAs was an independent risk factor for GC patients, with a remarkable decrease in DFS 30 months after surgical resection of the gastric tumor. Serum methylated p16 DNAs might serve as a potential biomarker for the progression and a prognostic factor in gastric cancer patients.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a case of advanced stomach cancer metastatic to the spermatic cord 1 year after curative distal gastrectomy. The patient underwent distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. There was no metastasis to the liver or peritoneum, and cytologic examination of the peritoneal lavage fluid was negative for cancer cells (CY0). Histological examination revealed a moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma that had penetrated the serosa (T4a). Postoperative staging was T4aN1M0, stage IIIA, according to the Japanese gastric carcinoma classification scale. One year after the operation, the patient was readmitted with right groin pain. Percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of the inguinal tumor revealed a tubular adenocarcinoma. Extirpation of the inguinal tumor with wedge resection of the right iliac-femoral vein was performed. Pathological examination revealed a moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma that had diffusely infiltrated the connective tissue surrounding the spermatic cord. Immunohistochemical studies showed the tumor cells were reactive for CK7 but not for CK20. These findings were consistent with the diagnosis of a spermatic cord tumor metastatic from a known gastric primary cancer. Laparoscopic exploration showed invagination of the peritoneum with small nodules from the median umbilical fold to the lateral umbilical fold and a markedly decreased distance between the folds. Pathological examination in this area revealed a tubular structure consisting of mesothelial cells within the cancer tissue which was associated with dense fibrosis, suggesting that the invagination of the peritoneum had been caused by minimal peritoneal metastasis.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of Nippon Medical School