Megakaryocyte polyploidy is inhibited by lysyl oxidase propeptide

Boston, MA USA.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) (Impact Factor: 4.57). 03/2013; 12(8). DOI: 10.4161/cc.24312
Source: PubMed


Megakaryocytes (MKs), the platelet precursors, undergo an endomitotic cell cycle that leads to polyploidy. Lysyl oxidase propeptide (LOX-PP) is generated from lysyl oxidase (LOX) pro-enzyme after proteolytical cleavage. We recently reported that LOX, a known matrix cross-linking enzyme, contributes to MK lineage expansion. In addition, LOX expression levels are ploidy-dependent, with polyploidy MKs having minimal levels. This led us to test the effects of LOX-PP on the number and ploidy of primary MKs. LOX-PP significantly decreases mouse bone marrow MK ploidy coupled with a reduction in MK size. MK number is unchanged upon LOX-PP treatment. Analysis of LOX-PP- or vehicle-treated MKs by western blotting revealed a reduction in ERK1/2 phosphorylation and in the levels of its downstream targets, cyclin D3 and cyclin E, which are known to play a central role in MK endomitosis. Pull-down assays and immunochemistry staining indicated that LOX-PP interacts with α-tubulin and the mictotubules, which can contribute to decreased MK ploidy. Thus, our findings defined a role for LOX-PP in reducing MK ploidy. This suggests that high-level expression of LOX in aberrantly proliferating MKs could play a part in inhibiting their polyploidization via LOX-PP.

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Available from: Shinobu Matsuura, Jun 05, 2014

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