Clinically Significant Peripancreatic Fluid Collections After Simultaneous Pancreas-Kidney Transplantation

Department of Transplant Surgery, MRC Centre for Transplantation, Guy's Hospital, Great Maze Pond, London, United Kingdom. Address correspondence to: Rajinder Pal Singh, M.B.B.S., M.S., M.R.C.S., Renal and Transplant Division, 6th Flr, Renal Offices, Borrough Wing, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 9RT, United Kingdom.
Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.83). 03/2013; 95(10). DOI: 10.1097/TP.0b013e318289c978
Source: PubMed


Peripancreatic fluid collections (PPFC) are a serious complication after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKTx).

Retrospective study for all 223 SPKTx performed from December 8, 1996, to October 10, 2011, to evaluate the risk factors (RF) and impact of PPFCs on outcomes was conducted.

Clinically significant PPFCs were seen in 36 (16%) cases, all within 3 months after transplantation. Radiologic drainage resolved 2 (6%) cases, and 34 required laparotomy (mean [SD], 4 [7]). Compared with the non-PPFC group (n=186), the PPFC group had similar patient and total kidney graft survivals but significantly lower total pancreas survival (68% vs. 85%) and greater incidence of infections (75% vs. 46%, all P<0.05) at 5 years. PPFCs were associated with early graft pancreatitis in 18 (50%), pancreatic fistula in 20 (56%, 9 with obvious duodenal stump leak) and infection in the collection in 20 (56%) cases. Comparison of PPFCs with pancreas graft loss to the PPFCs with surviving grafts showed that the incidence of pancreatic fistula was greater in the former (90% pancreas graft loss vs. 42% pancreas graft survival, P<0.01). Binary logistic regression analysis of RF for developing PPFC showed a donor age >30 years to be significant (P=0.03; odds ratio, 3.4; confidence interval, 1.1-10.5) and a trend of association with donor body mass index >30 and pancreas cold ischemia time greater than 12 hr.

PPFCs are associated with significant reduction in pancreas allograft survival and impact resource use. Donor age >30 years is a significant RF for their development. PPFCs associated with pancreatic fistula carry a greater risk for pancreas graft loss.

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