We propose and demonstrate a novel wideband microwave photonic polarization network for dual linear-polarized antennas. The polarization network is based on a waveguide-implemented fully-reconfigurable optical interleaver using a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure. For microwave photonic signal processing, this structure is able to serve as a wideband 2 × 2 RF coupler with reconfigurable complex coefficients, and therefore can be used as a polarization network for wideband antennas. Such a device can equip the antennas with not only the polarization rotation capability for linear-polarization signals but also the capability to operate with and tune between two opposite circular polarizations. Operating together with a particular modulation scheme, the device is also able to serve for simultaneous feeding of dual-polarization signals. These photonic-implemented RF functionalities can be applied to wideband antenna systems to perform agile polarization manipulations and tracking operations. An example of such a interleaver has been realized in TriPleX waveguide technology, which was designed with a free spectral range of 20 GHz and a mask footprint of smaller than 1 × 1 cm. Using the realized device, the reconfigurable complex coefficients of the polarization network were demonstrated with a continuous bandwidth from 2 to 8 GHz and an in-band phase ripple of smaller than 5 degree. The waveguide structure of the device allows it to be further integrated with other functional building blocks of a photonic integrated circuit to realize on-chip, complex microwave photonic processors. Of particular interest, it can be included in an optical beamformer for phased array antennas, so that simultaneous wideband beam and polarization trackings can be achieved photonically. To our knowledge, this is the first-time on-chip demonstration of an integrated microwave photonic polarization network for dual linear-polarized antennas.
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"Bandwidth tunability is achieved via controlling the phase shift Δφ. We can use a heater embedded on the cladding to control the phase shift Δφ by thermo-optic tuning [3,12]. This method only requires two tunable phase shifts, which offers easy management and low power consumption. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: A fundamental structure of a passive interleaver based on microring resonator coupled Mach-Zehnder interferometer is proposed in this paper. The most conspicuous advantage is the simplicity, compactness of the structure and the flatness of the passband top. Then we propose two methods of realizing a bandwidth tunability in this structure. A further analysis shows that both methods have their own strengths. We expect the compact and flexible interleaver can provide some potential and important implications for upgrading a hybrid Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) system.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Optics Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: In this article a selection of highlights of the TriPleX™ technology of LioniX is given. The basic waveguide technology is explained with recent benchmark measurements done by University California Santa Barbara (UCSB) and University Twente (UT-TE). In order to show the low loss transparency over a wide wavelength range three examples of applications in different wavelength regimes are described in more detail. These are the Integrated Laser Beam Combiner (ILBC) of XiO Photonics in the visible light, a ringresonator sensing platform of LioniX around 850 nm and a phased array antenna with an Optical Beam Forming Network in the 1550 nm band. Furthermore it is shown that the technology is easily accessible via Multi Project Wafer Runs for which the infrastructure and design libraries are also set up.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: We present an overview of several microwave photonic processing functionalities based on combinations of Mach-Zehnder and ring resonator filters using the high index contrast silicon nitride (TriPleX<sup>TM</sup>) waveguide technology. All functionalities are built using the same basic building blocks, namely straight waveguides, phase tuning elements and directional couplers. We recall previously shown measurements on high spurious free dynamic range microwave photonic (MWP) link, ultra-wideband pulse generation, instantaneous frequency measurements, Hilbert transformers, microwave polarization networks and demonstrate new measurements and functionalities on a 16 channel optical beamforming network and modulation format transformer as well as an outlook on future microwave photonic platform integration, which will lead to a significantly reduced footprint and thereby enables the path to commercially viable MWP systems.