Las imágenes en los libros de texto de Educación Física de la ESO: modelos corporales y actividad física

Revista de Educación (Madrid) (Impact Factor: 0.41). 01/2011; 354:293-322.


This article presents an analysis of the content of the photographs published in physical education textbooks for students of compulsory secondary education. The importance of studying textbook pictures lies in their great capacity to convey ideas and feelings from one person to other and the fact that the pictures are presented in textbooks, material that is very important in the education system. This iconography can act as a control mechanism, because it promotes the non-reflective acceptance of thoughts and perpetuates stereotypes without questioning their validity. Some reflection on the realities depicted by these pictures is therefore needed. Application of a category system developed ad hoc enabled the messages concealed or hidden in physical education textbooks to be revealed or disclosed. The sample handled in the project consisted of 242 photographs belonging to two different publishers. The SPSS 14.0 statistical package was used for information processing. One- and two-variable descriptive analysis was performed, and Pearson�s chi-square test was requested. The results showed a clear inequality between the presence of male and female figures and a difference in the physical activities assigned to men and women. What little depiction there was of different racial groups was biased. Sports received preferential treatment, and adapted physical activities hardly appeared at all.

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