miR-153 Regulates SNAP-25, Synaptic Transmission, and Neuronal Development

Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University and Medical School, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.23). 02/2013; 8(2):e57080. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057080
Source: PubMed


SNAP-25 is a core component of the trimeric SNARE complex mediating vesicle exocytosis during membrane addition for neuronal growth, neuropeptide/growth factor secretion, and neurotransmitter release during synaptic transmission. Here, we report a novel microRNA mechanism of SNAP-25 regulation controlling motor neuron development, neurosecretion, synaptic activity, and movement in zebrafish. Loss of causes overexpression of SNAP-25 and consequent hyperactive movement in early zebrafish embryos. Conversely, overexpression of causes SNAP-25 down regulation resulting in near complete paralysis, mimicking the effects of treatment with Botulinum neurotoxin. -dependent changes in synaptic activity at the neuromuscular junction are consistent with the observed movement defects. Underlying the movement defects, perturbation of function causes dramatic developmental changes in motor neuron patterning and branching. Together, our results indicate that precise control of SNAP-25 expression by is critically important for proper neuronal patterning as well as neurotransmission.

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