Reducing psychological distress and obesity through Yoga practice
Department of Physiology, CSM Medical University, Lucknow, India. International Journal of Yoga
03/2013; 6(1):66-70. DOI: 10.4103/0973-6131.105949
Yoga practice has been effectively prescribed in conjunction with other medical and yogic procedures in the management of severe psychosomatic diseases, including cancer, bronchial asthma, colitis, peptic and ulcer. It improves strength and flexibility, and may help control physiological variables such as blood pressure, lipids, respiration, heart rate, and metabolic rate to improve overall exercise capacity.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Yogic Practice on anxiety/depression associated with obesity.
Patients were recruited from the Department of Physiology, C.S.M. Medical University (erstwhile KGMU), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. A total of 272 subjects were divided into two groups: 1) group of 205 subjects (with yogic practice) and 2) a control group of 67 subjects (with aerobic exercise). Assessment of anxiety and depression were done by Hamilton Rating Scale.
This study supports yoga as an effective tool with no diet restriction to improve anxiety and depression symptoms as well as obesity in obese subjects
Incorporating yogic asana in the treatment protocol of patients suffering from anxiety and depression may prove beneficial in the long run.
Available from: Holger Cramer
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A growing number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have investigated the therapeutic value of yoga interventions. This bibliometric analysis aimed to provide a comprehensive review of the characteristics of the totality of available randomized yoga trials.
All RCTs of yoga were eligible. Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, IndMED, and the tables of content of yoga specialty journals not listed in medical databases were screened through February 2014. Bibliometric data, data on participants, and intervention were extracted and analyzed descriptively.
Published between 1975 and 2014, a total of 366 papers were included, reporting 312 RCTs from 23 different countries with 22,548 participants. The median study sample size was 59 (range 8–410, interquartile range = 31, 93). Two hundred sixty-four RCTs (84.6%) were conducted with adults, 105 (33.7%) with older adults and 31 (9.9%) with children. Eighty-four RCTs (26.9%) were conducted with healthy participants. Other trials enrolled patients with one of 63 varied medical conditions; the most common being breast cancer (17 RCTs, 5.4%), depression (14 RCTs, 4.5%), asthma (14 RCTs, 4.5%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (13 RCTs, 4.2%). Whilst 119 RCTs (38.1%) did not define the style of yoga used, 35 RCTs (11.2%) used Hatha yoga and 30 RCTs (9.6%) yoga breathing. The remaining 128 RCTs (41.0%) used 46 varied yoga styles, with a median intervention length of 9 weeks (range 1 day to 1 year; interquartile range = 5, 12). Two hundred and forty-four RCTs (78.2%) used yoga postures, 232 RCTs (74.4%) used breath control, 153 RCTs (49.0%) used meditation and 32 RCTs (10.3%) used philosophy lectures. One hundred and seventy-four RCTs (55.6%) compared yoga with no specific treatment; 21 varied control interventions were used in the remaining RCTs.
This bibliometric analysis presents the most complete up-to-date overview on published randomized yoga trials. While the available research evidence is sparse for most conditions, there was a marked increase in published RCTs in recent years.
Available from: Dr Abhishek Kumar Bhardwaj
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ABSTRACT: Obesity is becoming a serious global health issue in developed as well as in developing countries including India. The main causes of obesity are overeating and decreased physical activity, which means the imbalance between the amount of energy intake and the energy expenditure. Obese persons may feel decreased energy level, breathing difficulties, excess sweating, problem in sleeping and back and joint pain. They may have an increased risk of developing type-2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart and kidney related disease and asthma etc. Apart from this, individuals can also develop psychological problems such as stress, low self-esteem and depression. There are many complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are available to manage such type of physical and mental conditions. Among the alternative therapies, yoga has an important role in the management of Obesity. Yogic management of obesity is based on controlled and balanced diet, yoga postures and breathing techniques. Yoga poses work on endocrine glands, improve blood circulation and improve body’s metabolism. In this review article, evidence based therapeutic application of yoga therapy for managing obesity has been discussed.
Key words: Weight reduction, Sedentary lifestyle, Yoga therapy, Self-introspection
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