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Moga, M.M., W.F. Bengston (2010) Anomalous magnetic field activity during a bioenergy healing experiment. J. Sci. Exploration 24(3): 397-410.

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Abstract and Figures

A few studies have reported magnetic field changes during bioenergy healing. In a pilot experiment, we examined magnetic field activity during hands-on healing and distant healing of mice with experimentally induced tumors. During healing sessions, we observed distinct magnetic field oscillations adjacent to the mice cages, which were similar in appearance to those reported by Zimmerman (1985). The magnetic field oscillations began as 20–30 Hz oscillations, slowing to 8–9 Hz, and then to less than 1 Hz, at which point the oscillations reversed and increased in frequency, with an overall symmetrical appearance resembling a “chirp wave”. The waves ranged from 1–8 milliGauss peak-to-peak in strength and 60–120 sec in duration. Evidence to date suggests that bioenergy healing may be detectable with DC gaussmeters, although we have not ruled out an artifactual basis for the oscillations reported here.
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Journal of Scienti c Exploration, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 397–410, 2010 0892-3310/10
RESEARCH
Anomalous Magnetic Field Activity
During a Bioenergy Healing Experiment
MARGARET M. MOGA
Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine,
Terre Haute, IN 47809 USA
mmoga@iupui.edu
WILLIAM F. BENGSTON
Department of Sociology, St. Joseph’s College, Patchogue, NY 11772 USA
wbengston@sjcny.edu
Abstract—A few studies have reported magnetic eld changes during bio-
energy healing. In a pilot experiment, we examined magnetic eld activity
during hands-on healing and distant healing of mice with experimentally in-
duced tumors. During healing sessions, we observed distinct magnetic eld
oscillations adjacent to the mice cages, which were similar in appearance to
those reported by Zimmerman (1985). The magnetic eld oscillations began
as 20–30 Hz oscillations, slowing to 8–9 Hz, and then to less than 1 Hz, at
which point the oscillations reversed and increased in frequency, with an over-
all symmetrical appearance resembling a “chirp wave.” The waves ranged
from 1–8 milliGauss peak-to-peak in strength and 60–120 sec in duration.
Evidence to date suggests that bioenergy healing may be detectable with DC
gaussmeters, although we have not ruled out an artifactual basis for the oscil-
lations reported here.
Keywords: bio eld—nonlocal effects—distant healing—ELF magnetic eld
Introduction
Bioenergy healing therapies, such as Healing Touch, Therapeutic Touch,
Reiki, and external Qigong, have demonstrated clinical effects (Benor, 2001,
Chen, 2004, Engebretson & Wardell, 2007), but the scienti c mechanism and
energies underlying these therapies are not currently understood. Investigators
have tried to measure putative energies emitted by healers using a variety of
instruments and methods, including magnetometers, voltmeters, photometers,
gamma radiation counters, sound equipment, and gas discharge visualization
(Oschman, 2000). Of these methods, magnetic eld measurements may be the
398 M. M. Moga & W. F. Bengston
most promising. Seto, Kusaka, Nakazato, Huang, Sato, and colleagues (1992)
studied the magnetic eld strength adjacent to the palms of 37 Qigong healers’
hands during “external qi” emission. In 3 out of 37 cases, they observed a 4–10
Hz oscillation in the magnetic eld, with peak-to-peak magnetic eld strength
of 2 to 4 milliGauss. Normally, the human body radiates magnetic elds of less
than 106 gauss (Cohen, 1967), so this was an increase in magnetic eld strength
a thousand-fold greater than normal.
In agreement with the Seto et al. ndings, researchers at the University
of Arizona have recently recorded milliGauss magnetic eld oscillations adja-
cent to the hands of Reiki healers (Schwartz & Simon, 2007). Hisamitsu, Seto,
Nakazato, Yamamoto, and Aung (1996) found that practitioners of Qigong
breathing exercises emit strong whole-body magnetic elds in the milliGauss
range. And, in a preliminary study using a SQUID detector in a magnetically
shielded room, Zimmerman (1985) observed magnetic eld variations adjacent
to the hands of a Therapeutic Touch practitioner. These ndings suggest that
magnetic eld recordings may provide a useful measure of bioenergy healing
and mind–body practices. In this pilot experiment, we examined whether mag-
netic eld variations occur during hands-on healing and distant healing using
the experimental model developed by Bengston and Krinsley (2000).
Methods
Animals
C3H/HeJ female mice (6–8 wks old, obtained from The Jackson Laboratory)
were injected with mouse mammary adenocarcinoma tumor (H2712, obtained
from the National Cancer Institute Biological Testing Branch). Tumor brei, sus-
pended in sterile RPMI-160 cell culture medium with 20% normal mouse serum,
was implanted subcutaneously with a syringe with a 19-gauge needle (0.2–0.3
ml total volume), near the abdominal mammary gland (day 0). Following tumor
injection, the animals (n = 120) were evenly distributed across six experimen-
tal groups (G1–G6, Table 1), with each group housed in one of ve different
animal rooms or buildings.
One injected group (G1) was treated by the healer William F. Bengston
and housed in an animal room painted blue (BLUE1) (Table 1). A second group
(G2) was injected with tumor fragments (+) and left untreated. This group was
housed with a third group (G3), an uninjected control (), in a WHITE-walled
room. Three additional groups were injected with tumor fragments and housed
in separate rooms: One group (G4) received sham treatment (GREEN), another
(G5) was housed in a room painted an identical color to the treated group
(BLUE2), and the last group (G6) was housed in a different animal facility
Magnetic Field Activity During a Healing Experiment 399
(BLDG2). The rooms were painted different colors to try to isolate the healing
effect and to direct the healer’s attention to one room (BLUE1).
Hands-On and Distant Healing
On days 1–2 following tumor injection, Bengston administered hands-on
healing (approximately 30 min/session and 1–2 sessions/day) to each cage of
animals in BLUE1 (G1). After returning to his home in New York, and through-
out the rest of the experiment (12 wks), Bengston included an image of a “suc-
cessful experiment” in his daily practice of “rapid mental imaging” (Bengston,
2007), which is a purported form of distant healing. During the third and fourth
weeks, Bengston participated in three scheduled distant healing sessions, with
each session lasting approximately 20 min in duration. The healer was pro-
vided recent photos of the mice in BLUE1 (G1), but had no contact with and
no knowledge of mice in groups G2–G6. Sham treatment of animals in the
GREEN room (G4) occurred at the same time as the healer’s hands-on and
scheduled distant healing treatments. Sham healing was done by one of two stu-
dents with no training in energy healing. During the hands-on healing sessions,
one student sat in the GREEN room with the mice. Before each distant healing
session, the student received a recent photo of animals in the GREEN room.
While the distant healer worked on mice in BLUE1, the student held positive
thoughts (“cute mice”) and feelings toward the mice in the GREEN room.
Blood Parameters and Tumor Size
At 1 wk, 2 wks, 4 wks, and 12 wks post-injection, six mice from each
group were sacri ced for blood and tissue samples. Tumor and spleen size (sur-
face area, mm2) were measured with a caliper. Blood samples were analyzed
with an automated blood counting system (Abbott).
TABLE 1
Experimental Mice Groups Distributed across Five Di erent Rooms,
with (+) or without (−) Tumor Injection, and Type of Treatment
Group G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6
Room Blue1 White White Green Blue2 Bldg2
Tumor + + − + + +
Treatment Healer None None Sham None None
400 M. M. Moga & W. F. Bengston
Magnetic Field Recordings
Before, during, and after each healing session, magnetic eld activity was
continuously recorded with a DC Hall-type magnetometer (Integrity Design,
model IDR-321) connected to a recorder (iWorx, model 214) with input to a
PC with analysis software (Labscribe). For hands-on healing sessions, the Hall-
type sensor was positioned 1–2ʺ below the animal cage. The healer (Bengston)
placed his hands near the cages without touching the mice, for approximately
20–30 min per session or until he felt the session was “over”. For distant healing
sessions, the Hall-type sensor was positioned in each animal room, speci cally
in the middle of the cage rack (which was composed of plastic) surrounded by
the plastic mice cages (with metal lids). The local magnetic eld environment
during the distant healing sessions was compared with historical Kp data from
the NOAA Space Weather Predictions Center (2006). Moga executed the exper-
iment, interpreted the results, and prepared the manuscript. Bengston provided
healing and qualitative feedback during the experiment, and reviewed the man-
uscript. This study was approved by the Indiana State University Institutional
Animal Care and Use Committee and the Indiana University–Purdue University
Indianapolis Institutional Review Board.
Results
This pilot experiment was originally designed to test the hypothesis that
hemoglobin levels are positively affected by energy healing, as suggested by
the ndings of Krieger (1976). Hence our focus was initially on blood param-
eters, with incidental measurement of tumor size and magnetic eld activity.
Overall, we observed no signi cant differences in hemoglobin levels or the dif-
ferential white blood cell count across the different experimental groups at any
timepoint. However, we did observe a decrease in tumor incidence across all
groups as the experiment progressed (Figure 1), with 75% of the surviving mice
tumor-free at 12 wks post-injection. We previously reported tumor regression in
mice with small tumors, but not large ones (Moga & Zhou, 2008).
To duplicate the results of earlier magnetic eld studies, we initially tried
recording the magnetic eld adjacent to Bengston’s hands, body, and head
as he did hands-on healing, but observed no changes in the magnetic eld.
When we placed the Hall-type sensor adjacent to the mice cage as Bengston
treated the animals, we observed distinct magnetic eld oscillations (described
below). Thereafter, we placed the sensor close to where the healer’s attention
was focused (i.e. the mice in their cages), during hands-on and distant healing
sessions.
The magnetic eld activity in each healing session consisted of “baseline”
or quiet periods (Figure 2A) punctuated by short periods (1–3 min) contain-
Magnetic Field Activity During a Healing Experiment 401
ing magnetic eld oscillations (Figure 2B–2E). The magnetic eld (MF) oscil-
lations showed greater peak-to-peak variation than baseline, and displayed a
symmetrical wave-like appearance, which resembled “chirp waves” found in
electronic applications. “Chirp waves” are de ned as discrete packets of sinu-
soidal waveforms that decrease or increase in frequency over time. The MF
oscillations in the present experiment showed an initial decrease in frequency
followed by an increase in frequency. In Figure 2B and 2D, note the portion of
the trace containing the very slow oscillations; this portion is the “center” of
the wave, and represents the transition point between decreasing and increas-
ing frequencies. Part of the trace in Figure 2B (indicated by the line marked C)
is expanded and illustrated in Figure 2C, and part of the trace in 2D (marked
E) is expanded and illustrated in Figure 2E, to better show the slowing of the
magnetic eld frequency during a “chirp wave.” Through Fast Fourier trans-
form analysis, we observed that the MF oscillations or “chirp waves” initially
displayed 20–30 Hz frequencies, which slowed to 8–9 Hz, and then to less
than 1 Hz, at which point the wave reversed and increased in frequency. The
MF oscillations or “chirp waves” ranged from 1–8 milliGauss in strength and
60–120 sec in duration.
Figure 1. Percent of mice with palpable tumors in 5 di erent experimental groups following
injection of tumor cells at wk 0. Tumors developed rapidly within 2 wks following
injection. All groups showed a decrease in tumor incidence during wks 4–12.
402 M. M. Moga & W. F. Bengston
In the rst two scheduled distant healing sessions, we recorded magnetic
eld activity with a sole magnetometer located adjacent to the mice cages in
BLUE1. In the rst session, we detected 5 magnetic eld oscillations in 2:20
hr, and in the second session 7 oscillations in 2:15 hr, with the oscillations con-
centrated during and after each 20–30 min healing session. On a non-scheduled
day, we observed 0 oscillations in 2:00 hr. In the last scheduled session, we
increased the number of magnetometers used and recorded magnetic eld activ-
ity in four different rooms simultaneously (Table 2). In Table 2, MF oscillations
(•) are listed by local time of occurrence (CST = Central Standard Time) and
the room where they were recorded. Magnetometer probes were positioned in
three different animal rooms (BLUE1, WHITE, BLUE2) and in a small admin-
istrative of ce (OFFICE, “no mice”) in the animal facility. The WHITE room
Figure 2. Percent of mice with palpable tumors in 5 di erent experimental groups following
injection of tumor cells at wk 0. Tumors developed rapidly within 2 wks following
injection. All groups showed a decrease in tumor incidence during wks 4–12
.
Magnetic Field Activity During a Healing Experiment 403
contained two groups: healthy uninjected animals (“no tumor”) and mice with
tumors that received no treatment (“no treat”). In this distant healing session,
we observed an increase in the number of MF oscillations during and imme-
diately after the distant healing session (Table 2). Magnetic eld oscillations
were more numerous in the BLUE1 (healer-treated) and WHITE (healthy, no
tumor) rooms than in the other two rooms examined. The Earth’s magnetic eld
on each of these four days was relatively quiet, with no evidence of any major
geomagnetic storm (NOAA SWPC, 2006).
404 M. M. Moga & W. F. Bengston
To determine whether this wave was “real” or an electronic artifact, we did
additional recordings after the experiment was completed. We recorded mag-
netic eld activity in the same animal rooms and in other buildings (e.g., home,
laboratory); and during other bioenergetic practices, including Tai Chi and
Qigong workshops, a mindfulness group meditation, a spiritual healing retreat,
and in Healing Touch, Reiki, and craniosacral therapy sessions (Moga & Geib,
2009). During a weeklong Tai Chi workshop, we observed identical waves, but
of longer duration, in 7 out of 9 classes recorded. In 4 out of 4 Healing Touch
sessions, an increase in the DC magnetic eld began 10–15 min after the session
started, followed by the characteristic “chirp waves”. More complex waves, but
with the same symmetrical “chirp” infrastructure, were recorded at a spiritual
healing retreat. Waves were absent at the Qigong workshop, during the group
meditation, and during the Reiki and craniosacral therapy sessions, although the
Reiki session was notable for a quieting of the magnetic eld. Our preliminary
evidence suggests that these “chirp waves” are not room- or building-speci c,
and not healer- or practice-speci c, but may be associated with the duration,
intent, and expertise of particular individuals during mind–body practices.
Discussion
Magnetic Field Oscillations
In this pilot experiment, we observed magnetic eld oscillations during
hands-on and distant healing sessions with healer William F. Bengston that
closely resembled the magnetic eld oscillations described by Zimmerman
(1985) and illustrated in Oschman (2000). Zimmerman recorded magnetic
eld activity adjacent to the hands of a Therapeutic Touch practitioner using
a SQUID magnetometer in a shielded room. His recorded signal (illustrated in
Oschman, p. 87) shows a slowing of the magnetic eld frequency, similar to
representative waves in our experiment (Figure 2C and 2E). Limited evidence-
to-date (Zimmerman, 1985, Seto et al., 1992, Hisamitsu et al., 1996, Schwartz
& Simon, 2007, Moga & Geib, 2009) suggests that magnetic eld oscillations
may be a common feature of bioenergy therapies and mind–body practices.
The healer’s hands may not be the optimal site for detection of healing
energies. Seto et al. (1992) noted magnetic eld changes adjacent to the hands
of only a small percentage of Qigong healers (3 out of 37 healers). In this exper-
iment, we readily observed magnetic eld changes at the site where the healer
targeted his attention, in this case the cages containing mice with tumors, rather
than along the body surface of the healer. In remote viewing studies, investi-
gators have made a similar observation where they noted physical changes at
the remote viewing target (Puthoff, 1974, Osis & McCormick, 1980, Hubbard,
Magnetic Field Activity During a Healing Experiment 405
May, & Puthoff, 1986). For example, Puthoff (1974) recorded magnetic eld
changes when a remote viewer “looked” inside a magnetometer. Several groups
have noted an increased number of photons at remote viewing targets, which
increased with the accuracy of the viewing (Hubbard et al., 1986; for review,
Swanson, 2003). Our results suggest that hands-on healing may be similar to
remote viewing in its use of nonlocal mechanisms, and may involve more than
a simple transmission of energy through the hands or body of the healer.
Because the present experiments were done in an open environment with-
out shielding of any kind, there is the possibility that the magnetic eld oscil-
lations (“chirp waves”) recorded here may be artifact. Chirp waves have been
recorded under a variety of man-made and natural circumstances. The most
commonly observed would be “spread-spectrum waves,” which are used in
modern technology, including wireless technology, biomedical applications
(e.g., ultrasound), and physiological research. The frequency ranges of spread-
spectrum waves are generally higher than those detected here, with the possible
exception of ELF telephone ring tones. Another possible source for the oscil-
lations would be the earth’s magnetic eld. Magnetometer arrays used in the
study of the earth’s magnetic eld occasionally detect a “chirp” wave event
(e.g., Mann, Milling, Rae, Ozeke, Kale, et al., 2008). Some low-frequency seis-
mic waves, particularly the compression or P wave, can have a symmetrical
“chirp” appearance. Gravitational waves emitted by neutron stars are complex
“chirp” signals. The presence of man-made and natural ELF chirp waves in
the everyday environment highlights the need for further study of healers and
bioenergy healing in magnetic eld–free, shielded rooms.
Bengston’s Method
The decrease in tumor incidence over the course of the experiment is con-
sistent with previous reports by Bengston and colleagues of tumor regression in
response to “mental healing” (Bengston & Krinsley, 2000, Bengston & Moga,
2007). As in these earlier experiments, all of the animal groups, control and
experimental, showed a response, not just the group in BLUE1. Bengston attri-
butes this group response to a “resonance effect” (Bengston & Moga, 2007). As
a possible contributory factor to the resonance effect, Bengston’s mental image
used daily in this healing experiment (described below) was global and not
speci c to the animals in BLUE1. The early studies of hands-on healing in mice
demonstrated signi cant differences between experimental and control groups
(Grad, Cadoret, & Paul, 1961, Grad, 1965), indicating that the bioenergy heal-
ing of all groups, both control and experimental, may be healer-dependent (e.g.,
Bengston) and not a xed law.
A unique feature of Bengston’s healing technique is his cycling of mental
406 M. M. Moga & W. F. Bengston
images during a felt emotion (Bengston, 2007). As emotions occur, Bengston
merely observes the emotion, without getting caught up in it, while cycling
through a series of images. According to multiple sources and traditions (e.g.,
psychology, spiritual, occult), an individual can free up his or her energy and
generate “power” by witnessing/observing his/her emotions and bodily feelings
without attachment (e.g., Mindell, 1993, Schrödter, 1999, Windrider, 2006).
The combining of emotional awareness with strong mental imagery appears to
be a potent mix, generating some sort of “magnetic current” or force. Dr. Joseph
Gemasser, a hands-on healer, observed in his own work that “emotional forces
are mobilized by meditation, switching on the ‘life currents’ which are passed
to the client” (Schrödter, 1999). According to Butler (1977), practitioners learn
to redirect their emotional energy, whereby “the available magnetism may be
increased not merely by the release of suppressed energies but by an increase in
the actual intake of those energies.” We speculate that, through development of
his mental and emotional bodies, Bengston has learned, in shamanic language,
“how to generate power” (Mindell, 1993).
The speci c content of the images may also be important. Some heal-
ers and healing traditions use dynamic imagery; for example, images of light
moving through the body or affected part, removing obstructions and foreign
material (e.g., Adam, 2006). Other healers (e.g., Bengston) use relatively static
images such as an image of a healthy body and the healing already completed.
In the present experiment, Bengston held an image of the lab personnel toast-
ing the completion of a successful experiment. As another example of this type
of imagery, healer Agnes Sanford (1983) would make a picture in her mind of
the body, “. . . well and perfect and shining with God’s light,” and encouraged
her patients to do the same. For Bengston, the mental images represent goals
or wishes—what he would like to see happen in his life (Bengston, 2007). The
mental imagery used by the healer may be more effective if it is personally
appealing and arouses positive emotions (Schrödter, 1999). For self-healing,
Adam (2006), known as the “DreamHealer,” advises people to “send yourself
an intense message of what you want and focus on that.” Windrider (2006)
has observed that his guru, Sri Bhagavan, heals through sankalpa or “strong
wishes.” Bengston’s healing method may be a “strong wish,” linking emotional
energy with a clear mental goal.
In some healing sessions, Bengston felt energy moving through his body—
originating in the parietal areas of his head, moving down his arms and out of his
hands. This felt movement of energy is typical of a “magnetic healer” (Meek,
1977). Karagulla and van Gelder Kunz (1989) observed that magnetic healers,
“generate a ow of etheric energy from their head to their hands—and to the
affected part held between their hands.” Other examples of magnetic healing
would be Reiki, Healing Touch, and Deeksha. In Reiki, the healer places his/
Magnetic Field Activity During a Healing Experiment 407
her hands on a client and allows the “Reiki energy” to ow through them as
needed by the client (Miles & True, 2003). Healing Touch practitioners (Slater,
1995) feel “a slow weak current” through their hands in their work with clients.
Slater (1995) speculates that this current may correspond to the DC current
detected in the experiments of Becker and associates (Becker & Selden, 1985).
After receiving Deeksha attunements, Windrider (2006) observed that “strong
currents would start streaming out of my right hand as I visualized people,” and
“as I continued to give Deeksha to more and more people, it happened more
and more quickly, until eventually, with just a thought, the current would pulse
through and go where it was needed.” In general, magnetic healing involves a
ow of “energy,” some sort of current, through and out of the hands or body of
the practitioner to the client.
Bengston’s healing process differs from the sham healing (i.e. “cute mice”)
in several respects: 1) Bengston cycles a well-de ned thought-form (or image)
of the accomplished healing at frequent intervals, 2) he has established a strong
connection between his emotions and the thought-form, and 3) he may have
developed some sort of neurocircuitry to move large currents through his body
(Windrider, 2006). The sham healers expressed sympathy for the mice and
retained positive thoughts, but these thought-forms were not well-de ned and
not speci cally connected to their largely unconscious emotions. According to
Butler (1977), “most of the thought-forms created by the average person never
leave the aura of their creator.” Discussion of “thought-forms” may seem overly
speculative; however, electroencephalograms (EEGs) are currently being used to
detect speci c thought-forms or “commands” to power technology for individu-
als with special needs (e.g., McFarland, Krusienski, Sarnacki, & Wolpaw, 2008).
Energy Healing: A Proposed Mechanism
In a landmark study, Green, Parks, Guyer, Fahrion, and Coyne (1991)
recorded electrical voltage surges in body-potential of healers during distant
healing, which led them to hypothesize that bioenergy healing may involve
an increase of charge in the healer’s body, followed by an emission of charge.
Further analysis by Tiller, Green, Parks, and Anderson (1995) suggests that,
“training and practice develops in the healer a somewhat automatic internal
power buildup that discharges periodically and generates a very large electri-
cal voltage pulse in the physical body.” A buildup of charge in the body and
periodic discharge may not be limited to healers, but may be a fundamental
principle of health and healing. In an early treatise, Baines (1918) proposed
that the human body functions as an electrical condenser, accumulating charge
generated by cell currents in the body. Our preliminary data suggests that bio-
energy healing and mind–body practices such as Tai Chi may help release accu-
mulated charge. During a magnetic eld recording in a Tai Chi class, a student
408 M. M. Moga & W. F. Bengston
sat down next to one of our DC magnetometers. She yawned and stretched, and
a magnetic eld oscillation appeared on the screen, as if it had rolled off her
body. At that moment, it seemed evident that these oscillations represent some
sort of discharge. Future experiments will examine possible factors affecting
the charge–discharge process, which, if optimized, could lead to more effective
healing and mind–body practices.
Bioenergy healing may involve a quantum entanglement process between
healer and healee, with changes in the vacuum in and around the healee, result-
ing in a measurable EM signature (e.g., a “chirp wave” or biophotons). In
quantum theory, Bell’s theorem proves the existence of an invisible nonlocal
reality—a seamless whole—where two objects (e.g., healer and healee) con-
nected through past experience or knowledge can affect each other at a distance
with no physical connections linking the two (Herbert, 1985). “The mind/brain
might be a self-observing quantum object . . . within an entangled, nonlocal
medium” (Radin, 2006). Radin (2006) theorizes that the unconscious mind
may be connected to other individuals (e.g., family members) at all times, but
we may only be conscious of this entanglement in times of danger or special
meaning. In contrast, the healer may have learned how to “surf through the
entangled unconscious” at will, picking up information and effecting change at
a distance. Through entanglement, the healer’s intent and focus may change the
“bivacuum” of the healee (Sidorov, 2002). Sidorov (2002) notes that unusual
electromagnetic signals have been detected around both sender/healer and
target/healee in distant healing and remote mental interactions; he describes
these anomalous signals as “electromagnetic signatures.” Healing may involve
some new type of association with electromagnetic waves which allows a spe-
ci c intention to interact with the target. According to the theoretical model
of Tiller, Dibble, and Kohane (2001), distant healing is thought to occur via
R-space, the coarsest level of the vacuum. Reciprocal space, or R-space, is an
approximate coordinate system for describing the behavior of de Broglie-type
waves in a conjugate physical space. Direct space, or D-space, is a satisfactory
coordinate system for describing the behavior of particles in everyday physical
space. The mind of the healer imprints R-space, which is coupled with D-space
of the healee through “deltron substance,” the emotional domain. The intensity
of human intention in uences the magnitude of Cδ or deltron substance.
Bioenergy healing may simply be a biodynamic process whereby 1) the
healer, through training or initiation, alters his own bivacuum or “R” space
with thoughts of healing the mice, and 2) through quantum entanglement, his
healing thoughts alter the bivacuum (“R” space) of the mice, which generates
an electromagnetic signature in “D” space, resulting in healing of the tumors.
As some readers may have observed, there is a fundamental contradiction in the
present experiments, where the healer is participating in experiments that delib-
Magnetic Field Activity During a Healing Experiment 409
erately sicken and later euthanize the same mice he is trying to heal. Indeed, one
healer we approached refused to participate based on the intentional harm we
did to the animals. The fact that healing occurred in these “paradoxical” experi-
ments suggests that the healing process may work independently of any moral
framework (e.g., the Buddhist precept of “nonviolence”), regardless of how the
animals are made sick or how they will die. Future experiments will try to elu-
cidate basic principles of this biodynamic process, with particular focus on the
“electromagnetic signature,” which may serve as a measure of a healer’s ability
to imprint “R” space, as well as an indicator of the healing process.
Acknowledgements
The authors are grateful for the assistance, support, and helpful comments of Dr.
Roy Geib, Dr. John Swez, Dan Zhou, Danny LaPlante, Holly Wheeler, Brad Hirsch, and
Charlie Cochran. This study was funded by the Indiana University School of Medicine–
Terre Haute.
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... Zimmerman (1985) observed MF variations adjacent to the hands of a Therapeutic Touch practitioner, using a sensitive SQUID magnetometer in a magnetically shielded room. Recently, we observed low-frequency MF oscillations during hands-on healing and distant healing of mice with experimentally-induced tumors (Moga and Bengston, 2010), and during bioenergetic practices such as Tai Chi (Moga and Geib, 2009). The MF oscillations in these experiments were near-identical in appearance to the MF waveform reported by Zimmerman (1985). ...
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