In Senescence, Age-associated B Cells (ABC) Secrete TNFα and Inhibit Survival of B Cell Precursors.

Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, 33136.
Aging cell (Impact Factor: 6.34). 02/2013; 12(2). DOI: 10.1111/acel.12055
Source: PubMed


Aged mice exhibit ~ 5-10 fold increases in an ordinarily minor CD21/35(-) CD23(-) mature B cell subset termed age-associated B cells (ABC). ABC from old, but not young, mice induce apoptosis in pro-B cells directly through secretion of TNFα. In addition, aged ABC, via TNFα, stimulate bone marrow cells to suppress pro-B cell growth. ABC effects can be prevented by the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. Notably, CD21/35(+) CD23(+) follicular (FO) splenic and FO-like recirculating bone marrow B cells in both young and aged mice contain a subpopulation which produces IL-10. Unlike young adult FO B cells, old FO B cells also produce TNFα; however, secretion of IL-10 within this B cell population ameliorates the TNFα-mediated effects on B cell precursors. Loss of B cell precursors in the bone marrow of old mice in vivo was significantly associated with increased ABC relative to recirculating FO-like B cells. Adoptive transfer of aged ABC into RAG-2 KO recipients resulted in significant losses of pro-B cells within the bone marrow. These results suggest that alterations in B cell composition during old age, in particular the increase in ABC within the B cell compartments contribute to a pro-inflammatory environment within the bone marrow. This provides a mechanism of inappropriate B cell "feedback" which promotes down-regulation of B lymphopoiesis in old age. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/Anatomical Society.

Download full-text


Available from: Richard L Riley, Nov 26, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immune system function declines with age. Here we review and compare age-associated changes in murine and human B cell pools and humoral immune responses. We summarize changes in B cell generation and homeostasis, as well as notable changes at the subcellular level; then discuss how these changes help to explain alterations in immune responses across the adult lifespan of the animal. In each section we compare and contrast findings in the mouse, arguably the best animal model of the aging immune system, with current understanding of B cell immunity in humans.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Current opinion in immunology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continued generation of new B cells within the bone marrow is required throughout life. However, in old age, B lymphopoiesis is inhibited at multiple developmental stages from hematopoietic stem cells through the late stages of new B cell generation. While changes in B cell precursor subsets, as well as alterations in the supporting bone marrow microenvironment, in old age have been known for the last 20 years, only more recently have insights into the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible become clarified. Our recent discovery that B cells in aged mice are pro-inflammatory and can diminish B cell generation within the bone marrow suggests a potential mechanism of inappropriate "B cell feedback" which contributes to a bone marrow microenvironment unfavorable to B lymphopoiesis. We hypothesize that the consequences of a pro-inflammatory microenvironment in old age are (1) reduced B cell generation and (2) alteration in the "read-out" of the antibody repertoire. Both of these likely ensue from reduced expression of the surrogate light chain (λ5 + VpreB) and consequently reduced expression of the pre-B cell receptor (preBCR), critical to pre-B cell expansion and Vh selection. In old age, B cell development may progressively be diverted into a preBCR-compromised pathway. These abnormalities in B lymphopoiesis likely contribute to the poor humoral immunity seen in old age.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Immunologic Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the accumulation of highly-differentiated and granzyme B (GrB)-expressing CD8(+)CD28(-) T cells has been associated with aging, the mechanism for their enrichment and contribution to immune function remains poorly understood. Here we report a novel B-cell subset expressing 4-1BBL, which increases with age in humans, rhesus macaques and mice and with immune reconstitution after chemotherapy and autologous progenitor cell transplantation. These cells (termed 4BL cells) induce GrB(+)CD8(+) T cells by presenting endogenous antigens and utilizing the 4-1BBL/4-1BB axis. We found that the 4BL cells increase antitumor responses in old mice, which may explain in part the paradox of retarded tumor growth in the elderly. 4BL cell accumulation and their capacity to evoke the generation of GrB(+)CD8(+) T cells can be eliminated by inducing reconstitution of B cells in old mice, suggesting that the age-associated skewed cellular immune responses are reversible. We propose that 4BL cells and the 4-1BBL signaling pathway are useful targets for improved effectiveness of natural antitumor defenses and therapeutic immune manipulations in the elderly.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Blood
Show more

We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on ResearchGate. Read our cookies policy to learn more.