Knowledge of preconception health care among primary care physicians in Delaware
Department of Family Practice, St. Francis Hospital, Wilmington, Deleware, USA.Delaware medical journal 11/2012; 84(11):349-52.
Pregnancy outcomes including premature birth are influenced by multiple factors including preconception health. This study was designed to assess the knowledge of various aspects of preconception health care in clinical practice in the state of Delaware. After assuring content validity, a questionnaire was provided to primary care physicians in Delaware. A total of 94 Delaware clinicians completed the survey and 96 percent indicated they should provide preconception counseling. Physicians frequently discussed some aspects of preconception care including diabetes and weight management, while other topics including reproductive life plans, vaccinations, and HIV screening were less frequently discussed. Preconception health care has been recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to improve the health of women of childbearing age. Our data indicate a need to increase education and programs regarding preconception health to Delaware primary care physicians.
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ABSTRACT: Despite current guidelines that all reproductive age women receive preconception care (PCC), most US women do not, especially women with a prior birth. The objective of our study was to identify factors associated with receipt of PCC health promotion counseling among Maryland women and to assess whether prior birth outcome affects receipt of counseling. We analyzed Maryland pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system data for a stratified random sample of women with a live birth in 2009-2010; 3,043 women with PCC data were included in the analysis. The dependent variable was receipt of any PCC counseling, and the primary independent variable, prior pregnancy outcome (no prior live birth, term, preterm). 33.1 % of the weighted sample received PCC. Odds of PCC were similar for women with a history of prior prior preterm birth (aOR 1.00, 95 % CI 0.57-1.78) and no prior live birth, but decreased for women with a prior full term delivery (aOR 0.69, 95 % CI 0.51-0.94). They were decreased for women with unintended births (aOR 0.36, 95 % CI 0.26-0.51) and increased for women with a diagnosis of asthma (aOR 1.74, 95 % CI 1.05-2.89) or diabetes (aOR 2.79, 95 % CI 1.20-6.45), who used multivitamins (aOR 2.58, 95 % CI 1.92-3.47), and had dental cleanings (aOR 1.60, 95 % CI 1.16-2.18). Although selected preventive health behaviors and high-risk conditions were associated with PCC, most women did not receive PCC. Characterization of women who do not receive PCC health promotion counseling in Maryland may assist in efforts to enhance service delivery.
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