A Comparison of American Indian and Non-Indian Fourth to Sixth Graders Rates of Drug Use

Counseling Psychology Department, Tri-Ethnic Center for Prevention Research, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse (Impact Factor: 0.65). 02/2008; 7(3):258-67. DOI: 10.1080/15332640802313239
Source: PubMed


Although there is a large body of literature examining adolescent drug use, little is known about drug use rates among younger children. This paper presents such information for both American Indian and non-Indian fourth to sixth grade students for "having gotten drunk," the "use of marijuana," the "use of inhalants," and the use of "other" drugs over a 10-year period. Generally, the rates of use for Indian youth are higher, with a particularly high rate of marijuana use. Despite historically high rates of inhalant use among Indian youth, their rates are now similar to their non-Indian counterparts. Indian fourth to sixth grade students are displaying patterns of use that parallel those of older students with the possible implication that they are subjected earlier to societal attitudes that encourage drug use.

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    • "Peer substance use is another valuable avenue to consider for intervention and prevention efforts, as this was a relatively strong correlate of substance use among youth and an environmental factor that may be malleable to intervention efforts. There is a need to decrease marijuana use among NA adolescents for several reasons: First, NA adolescents began using substances earlier than did other ethnic groups as well as moved more quickly into ongoing use, which results in an earlier onset of substance abuse disorders (Miller, Beauvais, et al., 2008; Whitbeck, Yu, Johnson, Hoyt, & Walls, 2008). Second, high levels of marijuana use during adolescence have also been associated with respiratory problems and other physical ailments in later stages of life (NCASA, 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Marijuana use among Native American (NA) adolescents continues to be an ongoing concern and is often cited as the most critical health issue facing this population. Despite this recognition, few studies have examined the roles played by parental monitoring and school relationships among NA youth. This cross-sectional study used secondary data from the 2010 National Survey in Drug Use and Health to examine the combined influence of parental, peer, and school indicators on marijuana use among NA adolescents aged 12 to 17years old (N = 287). The results of structural equation modeling suggest that peer factors and parental monitoring were significantly associated with marijuana use. In fact, the peer network was the most influential predictor. However, a significant relationship was not found between school relationships and marijuana use. Given the insignificance of school relationships, further research should examine the influence of peer interactions on marijuana use and the development of family-based prevention and intervention programs.
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    • "and non-Indian fourth-to sixth-grade students, American Indian children displayed patterns of drug use that paralleled those of older students (Miller et al. 2008). These trends are disquieting since drug and alcohol abuse by AI youths has been found to be associated with academic failure, delinquency, unemployment, and violent criminal behavior (Moncher et al. 1990). "
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    ABSTRACT: The Sacred Mountain Youth Project was conducted to investigate risk and protective factors related to alcohol and drug use among American Indian youth. Findings indicated that stressful life events were positively associated with depressed mood, substance use, and risky behavior; cultural identity had no direct effects, but a secondary model showed that social support and protective family and peer influences were related to cultural identity. These findings suggest that the relationships between stressors and their negative sequelae are complex. Emphasis on protective processes that are culturally specific to American Indian youth may lead to effective alcohol and drug use prevention programs.
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