Inhibition of ghrelin O-acyltransferase attenuates food deprivation-induced increases in ingestive behavior

Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010 USA.
Hormones and Behavior (Impact Factor: 4.63). 02/2013; 63(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.02.001
Source: PubMed


Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone produced by the stomach in direct proportion to the time since the last meal and has therefore been called a 'hunger signal'. The octanoylation of ghrelin is critical for its orexigenic functions and is dependent upon ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) catalyzation. The GOAT inhibitor, GO-CoA-Tat, decreases the circulating concentrations of octanoylated ghrelin and attenuates weight gain on a high fat diet in mice. Unlike rats and mice, Siberian hamsters and humans do not increase food intake after food deprivation, but increase food hoarding after food deprivation. In Siberian hamsters, exogenous ghrelin increases ingestive behaviors similarly to 48-56h food deprivation. Therefore, we tested the necessity of increased ghrelin in food-deprived Siberian hamsters to stimulate ingestive behaviors. To do so we used our simulated natural housing system that allows hamsters to forage for and hoard food. Animals were given an injection of GO-CoA-Tat (i.p., 11μmol/kg) every 6h because that is the duration of its effective inhibition of octanoylated ghrelin concentrations during a 48h food deprivation. We found that GO-CoA-Tat attenuated food foraging (0-1h), food intake (0-1 and 2-4h), and food hoarding (0-1h and 2 and 3 d) post-refeeding compared with saline treated animals. This suggests that increased octanoylated ghrelin concentrations play a role in the food deprivation-induced increases in ingestive behavior. Therefore, ghrelin is a critical aspect of the multi-faceted mechanisms that stimulate ingestive behaviors, and might be a critical point for a successful clinical intervention scheme in humans.

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Available from: John T Garretson, Feb 16, 2015
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    • "For example, in Siberian hamsters, Arc lesions diminish NPY-induced increases in food intake but not food hoarding (Dailey and Bartness, 2010), and studies using Y1R- and Y5R-specific agonists indicate that NPY increases food intake via action at the Y5 receptor but affects food hoarding by acting on the Y1 receptor (Keen-Rhinehart and Bartness, 2007). In addition, recent studies show that the pharmacological blockade of ghrelin activity attenuates, but cannot completely block, food deprivation-induced increases in food hoarding (Teubner and Bartness, 2013; Teubner et al., 2013). "
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