Article

# From conformal field theory spectra to CMB multipoles in quantum gravity cosmology

Physical review D: Particles and fields (Impact Factor: 4.86). 04/2010; 81(8). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.81.083533

Source: arXiv

**ABSTRACT**

We study the inflation process of the Universe based on the renormalizable quantum gravity formulated as a conformal field theory. We show that the power-law conformal field theory spectrum approaches that of the Harrison-Zel’dovich-Peebles–type as the amplitude of gravitational potential gradually reduces during the inflation. The non-Gaussanity parameter is preserved within an order of unity due to the diffeomorphism invariance. Sharp falloff of the angular power spectrum of cosmic microwave background at large scale is understood as a consequence of the existence of dynamical scale of the quantum gravity ΛQG(≃1017 GeV). The angular power spectra are computed and compared with the WMAP5 and ACBAR data with a quality of χ2/dof≃1.1.

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**ABSTRACT:**We study vertex operators in 4D conformal field theory derived from quantized gravity, whose dynamics is governed by the Wess-Zumino action by Riegert and the Weyl action. Conformal symmetry is equal to diffeomorphism symmetry in the ultraviolet limit, which mixes positive-metric and negative-metric modes of the gravitational field and thus these modes cannot be treated separately in physical operators. In this paper, we construct gravitational vertex operators such as the Ricci scalar, defined as space-time volume integrals of them are invariant under conformal transformations. Short distance singularities of these operator products are computed and it is shown that their coefficients have physically correct sign. Furthermore, we show that conformal algebra holds even in the system perturbed by the cosmological constant vertex operator as in the case of the Liouville theory shown by Curtright and Thorn. - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In addition to simple scale invariance, a universe dominated by dark energy naturally gives rise to correlation functions possessing full conformal invariance. This is due to the mathematical isomorphism between the conformal group of certain 3 dimensional slices of de Sitter space and the de Sitter isometry group SO(4,1). In the standard homogeneous isotropic cosmological model in which primordial density perturbations are generated during a long vacuum energy dominated de Sitter phase, the embedding of flat spatial sections in de Sitter space induces a conformal invariant perturbation spectrum and definite prediction for the shape of the non-Gaussian CMB bispectrum. In the case in which the density fluctuations are generated instead on the de Sitter horizon, conformal invariance of the horizon embedding implies a different but also quite definite prediction for the angular correlations of CMB non-Gaussianity on the sky. Each of these forms for the bispectrum is intrinsic to the symmetries of de Sitter space and in that sense, independent of specific model assumptions. Each is different from the predictions of single field slow roll inflation models which rely on the breaking of de Sitter invariance. We propose a quantum origin for the CMB fluctuations in the scalar gravitational sector from the conformal anomaly that could give rise to these non-Gaussianities without a slow roll inflaton field, and argue that conformal invariance also leads to the expectation for the relation n_S-1=n_T between the spectral indices of the scalar and tensor power spectrum. Confirmation of this prediction or detection of non-Gaussian correlations in the CMB of one of the bispectral shape functions predicted by conformal invariance can be used both to establish the physical origins of primordial density fluctuations and distinguish between different dynamical models of cosmological vacuum dark energy. -
##### Article: Background Free Quantum Gravity based on Conformal Gravity and Conformal Field Theory on M^4

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**ABSTRACT:**We study four dimensional quantum gravity formulated as a certain conformal field theory at the ultraviolet fixed point, whose dynamics is described by the combined system of Riegert-Wess-Zumino and Weyl actions. Background free nature comes out as quantum diffeomorphism symmetry by quantizing the conformal factor of the metric field nonperturbatively. In this paper, Minkowski background M^4 is employed in practice. The generator of quantum diffeomorphism that forms conformal algebra is constructed. Using it, we study the composite scalar operator that becomes a good conformal field. We find that physical fields are described by such scalar fields with conformal dimension 4. Consequently, tensor fields outside the unitarity bound are excluded. Computations of quantum algebra on M^4 are carried out in the coordinate space using operator products of the fields. The nilpotent BRST operator is also constructed.