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The use of the Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (hereafter, ERPS) in Indonesia showed a significant growth. This growth has lead to the need to have an empirical evidence about the accounting benefits from using that systems. The existences of accounting research on ERPS has created an opportunity for further research on the Accounting Information Systems (AIS) quality and effectiveness in the decision making process related to the level of the use of the ERPS. This research is using alternative methods of Partial Least Square (PLS). The result suggest that the manager’s perceptions of the AIS quality affect the effectiveness of the decision making process. The breadth of the use of the ERPS can be a moderating factor in the relationship between manager's perception of the AIS quality and the effectiveness of the decision-making process. Finnally, there was no difference between the perceptions of the different department managers regarding the AIS quality and the effectiveness of the decision making process on the breadth of the use of the ERPS.
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Research Journal of Finance and Accounting www.iiste.org
ISSN 2222-1697 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2847 (Online)
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AIS Quality and Effectiveness of the Decision Making Process
in the use of the ERPS
Weli
*
Economics Faculty of Atma Jaya Catholic University, Jakarta Selatan 12930, Indonesia
* E-mail of the corresponding author: weli.imbiri@atmajaya.ac.id
Abstract
The use of the Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (hereafter, ERPS) in Indonesia showed a significant growth.
This growth has lead to the need to have an empirical evidence about the accounting benefits from using that systems.
The existences of accounting research on ERPS has created an opportunity for further research on the Accounting
Information Systems (AIS) quality and effectiveness in the decision making process related to the level of the use of
the ERPS. This research is using alternative methods of Partial Least Square (PLS). The result suggest that the
manager’s perceptions of the AIS quality affect the effectiveness of the decision making process. The breadth of the
use of the ERPS can be a moderating factor in the relationship between manager's perception of the AIS quality and
the effectiveness of the decision-making process. Finnally, there was no difference between the perceptions of the
different department managers regarding the AIS quality and the effectiveness of the decision making process on the
breadth of the use of the ERPS.
Keywords: ERPS capabilities, AIS quality, Decision Making Process Effectiveness, manager perceptions
1. Introduction
According to market research of reportbuyer for information technology (IT), the use of the ERPS in Indonesia in
2009, showed a significant growth rate compared to other ASEAN countries. There are more than 250 companies
that have implemented SAP, and more than 100 companies have implemented Microsoft Dynamics AX in Indonesia
in 2009. In the same year Metrodata has recorded a market growth of 20-30% per year for the ERPS. This growth
has lead to the need to have an empirical evidence about the accounting benefits from using that systems. Besides the
large investment, the use of such system has openend a great opportunity for reseach in the accounting field.
Dehning dan Richardson (2002), suggested that there is an opportunity for accounting researchers to investigate the
return on investment on IT investments. The need for ERPS research in also emphasized by Hunton et al. (2003),
Suton (2006), Moon (2007), Schlichter and Kraemmergaard (2010),Grabski et al.,2011, and Granlund (2011).
They stated that there are only few researches that have explored ERPS in accounting discipline. The existences of
accounting research on ERPS has created an opportunity for further research on how the level of the use of ERPS
will influence the change in the AIS process. Does the change lead to a better quality in the AIS outputs, which lead
to the effectiveness of the decision making process by the managers in different departments?
Based on previous studies, the studies about the AIS quality or the effectiveness in the decision making process in
relation to the use of the ERPS have not been specifically studied. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the
accounting point of view about the influence of the use of the ERPS on the AIS quality and effectiveness in the
decision making process related to the level of the use of the ERPS. As a result, the following research question is
formulated as follows
Is the manager’s perception of the AIS quality affects the effectiveness of the decision making process in the
use of ERPS?
Is the breadth of the use of ERPS becomes a moderating factors in relation to the manager’s perception of
the AIS quality with the effectiveness of the decision making process?
Are there differences in the managers perceptions of the different departments regarding the AIS quality and
the effectiveness of the decision making process and in the breadth of the use of the ERPS?
2. Theoretical Background
2.1 Theory of Information Systems Success
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This study will apply the information system (IS) success model by Delone and McLean (1992) and the model that is
proposed by Doll and Torkzadeh(1988) to measure the end user’s satisfaction. The measurement consists of five
dimensions, namely 1) content, indicates that the systems has provided the information in accordance with the user
requirements; 2) accuracy, indicates that the systems has provided accurate information; 3) format, indicates that the
system has provided information in the appropriate display format;4) ease of use, indicate that the system is easy to
use; 5) timeliness, indicates that the system has provided information in a timely manner.
2.2 The Extent of the Use of The Enterprise Resource Planning System
The extent of the use of the ERPS will vary between companies. This depends on the urgency or the level of the
company needs and the availability of funds for implementation. This research will use the capability concept that is
proposed by Karimi et al.(2007). The capability implies the extent of the use of the ERPS in such company. The
difference in the breadth of the use is expected to give a different impact to the company. Further, according to
Karimi et al. (2007), the extent of the use of the ERPS can be viewed through 1) the number of the functions in the
company that is using the ERPS, 2) the number of the divisions or departments that are using the ERPS, and 3) the
number of offices that are geographically dispersed in various regions that are using the ERPS.
With the more extensive use of the ERPS the more widely the information is disseminated to all functions of the
company. This is important because the information is the key for the decision making process. The wider the use of
the ERPS, the more integrated the data that will help the manager in solving the problem and making decisions.
Besides, the integrated system is expected to provide a rapid analysis reporting in a timely maner (Gupta, 2000;
Shebab et al., 2004).
2.3 The Effectiveness of the Accounting Information Systems and the Decision Making Management
The effectiveness of an information system can be described through a number of different perspectives (DeLone and
McLean, 1992). Evaluation of an effective systems can be shown through the output produced as required, increased
productivity, improve performance, and increased control over the decision related to the information that is
produced by the AIS. Thus, the information generated expected can make the decision making process more effective.
The information delivered is easier to interpret and understand, as well as that the dissemination of information to all
functional departments could be improved (Ugboma, 2004). Acording to Kim (1988) the assessment of the
effectiveness of AIS relies on the use of AIS as perceived by the user regarding the quality of the information
produced. The quality of information depends on the reliability, report forms, timeliness and relevance for the
decision maker. Nicolao (2000) defined effectiveness of AIS as a decision, the decision maker perceives about the
information output generated by the transaction processing system, the management reporting, and the whether the
budgedting systems meets their needs in the coordination and the control of tasks.
Nicolaou (2000) and Yeunyong (2007) stated that there is a relationship between the use of an integrated system and
the effectiveness of AIS. Alzoubi (2011) found that the use of the ERPS has effected the effectiveness of AIS. The
effectiveness of AIS can be described through quality of the accounting information output and the firm’s internal
control. Other studies have been conducted by Spathis and Constantinides (2004), Spathis (2006), and Spathis and
Ananiadis (2005). They examine the reasons why companies convert their conventional information system to
ERPS, and how the use of ERPS has brought changes, especially in the accounting process. They found that most
benefits perceived from adopting ERPS is for the accounting application integration, increasing flexibility in
generating information and improving the quality of financial reporting and decisions with respect to timelines and
the reliable accounting information produced. Brazel and Dang (2005) examine the ERPS adoption to the relevance
of the information and reliability of the information in financial reporting for external users. They found that after
the implementation of ERPS, the company will decreased the reporting lag simultaneously. Whereas Poston and
Grabski (2001) have shown that the use of ERPS can reduce costs by increasing efficiency through the computerized
system, and improved decision making by providing accurate and timely informations.
Other research on the relationship between ERPS and decision making process has been done by Carton and Adam
(2005), Bahrami and Jordan (2009). Carton and Adam’s (2005) study result say that the previous studies have only
examined only the effect of ERPS on the operating level and only few at the managerial level. While Bahrami and
Jordan (2009) showed an improvement in the decision-making process both at at the strategic and operational levels.
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However it is not the company's main goal in using the ERPS. Other researcher, Xuet al. (2002) has conducted a case
study in an Australian company about the quality of the data related to the implementation of the ERPS. They have
found out that the quality of the data is important and the main reason for implementing the system.
Sajady et al. (2008) stated that the effectiveness of the AIS depends also on the perception of the decision maker
about the usefulness of the information generated by the system. How the information satisfies their needs about the
operational processes, managerial reporting, budgeting, and control of the organization. The results of Sajady et al.
(2008) indicated that the implementation of AIS will lead to improvements in the process of decision making by
managers, internal control and financial reporting quality, and facilitation of the transaction processing companies.
Therefore in this study, assessment of the effectiveness of the AIS is based on the user perceptions about the
usefulness of the information. Measurements were performed by assessing user’s satisfaction for the quality of
information, including the form, content, and appearance.
2.4 The Perceive of the AIS Quality and the Decision Making Management Differences
The Previous studies on differences in the manager’s perspectives from various departments related to ERPS,
showed inconclusive results. Chang (2006), Ifinedo and Nahar (2007), Esteves (2009), have found that there is no
differences in the perception of the managers of the various departments in terms of the benefits of information
system’s implementation. However Holsapple et al. (2006) suggested that user satisfaction was higher in the system-
level managers than in the non-managers level. Similarly Longinidis and Gotzamani (2009), have found differences
in the user's perception of the network departments within the sales and supporting department. Kanellouand Spathis
(2011) have also suggested that there is a difference on perception on system performance between IT professional
and accountants, but no differences in perceptions regarding the benefits of accounting of the use of ERPS.
Based on the theoretical framework discussed above, the hypotheses are formulated as follows:
H1: AIS quality has positive direct effect on effectiveness of decision making process
H2: More extensive the use of the ERPS mediates the positive direct effect of Manager’s perception of the AIS
quality on effectiveness of decision making process
H3: There are no differences on manager of different department perceptions regarding the AIS quality and
effectiveness of decision making process in the breadth of the use of the ERPS.
3. Methodology
The data was collected by sending questionnaires by mail or e-mail and sent directly to the companies. This research
is using alternative methods of Partial Least Square (PLS). The reason underlying the use of PLS is the small sample
size. In addition to estimating the complex models with small samples, PLS does not assume the data should be
normally distributed. Moreover, the use of PLS is also very appropriate when the conceptual and measurement
models are either well undeveloped or it’s still in the exploratory stage of the development of the theory (Ghozali,
2011). Similarly, according to Chin (1998), PLS is specifically useful in analyzing and modeling for a minimal
measurement scale and small sample size. The program used is Visual PLS. Meanwhile, for the purposes of testing
the differences perception the SPSS is used.
Testing hypotheses using PLS will be conducted in three phases. The first step is done to ensure the validity of the
model. The criteria used is that any indicator has a factor loading greater than or equal to 0.50 (Chin, 1998) with a
significance level of 0.05. Thus, the indicators with the factor loading of less than 0.50 were excluded from the
analysis. The second stage, re-estimate the model after removing the indicators with the factor loading of less than
0.50 from the analysis. The third stage is to read the results of the outer model (measurement model) and analyze the
inner model (structural model).
Because the indicators used in this study is entirely reflexive, the measurement model was evaluated by the
convergent validity and discriminant validity of the indicators and the composite reliability for the block indicator
(Ghozali, 2011). Further, to assess the discriminant validity it also used comparison of square root of average
variance extracted (AVE) of each construct with the correlations between the constructs in the model. If the value of
the square root of AVE of each construct was greater than the correlation between the constructs in the model, then
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the model has a good discriminant validity (Fornell and Larcker, 1981). Recommended value of AVE is greater than
0.50. The next is the reliability test, which measures the internal consistency of the indicators of a construct that
indicates the degree to what extent each of the indicators indicates a common construct. Minimum reliability values
of variables forming latent dimensions that can be received is equal to 0.70.
The second stage is to assess the Inner model (structural model) describing the relationship between latent variables
was evaluated by looking at the percentage of variance explained by the value of R-square for the dependent latent
constructs and the amount of structural path coefficients. Changes in the value of R square can be used to assess
whether the effect of certain independent latent variables on the dependent latent variable does have a substantive
effect or not (Ghozali, 2011). Furthermore hypothesis testing is done by taking into account the significant value of
the estimated structural paths. Cut of Point used in this study, is the value of the Critical Ratio (CR) and to calculate
the probability value (p-value). If the probability value of the Critical Ratio is less than 5% (t> 1.96), the hypothesis
is accepted. If the probability of the Critical Ratio values are greater than 5% (t <1.96), the hypothesis is rejected
(Hair et al., 1998).
4. Result and Discussion
From 395 companies as ERPS users, only 268 companies agreed to be surveyed. Data collection was carried out for
four months, starting in October 2010 until February 2011. Up to the time limit, the rate of return via mail and e-mail
has collected 12 copies, while visits directly collected 38 copies. It is still far from the expected. Therefore, the
researchers extended the time of data collection until April 2011. The end result of the process of collecting data is as
follows: 18 copies were collected via mail and e-mail and 53 copies from direct visits so that a total of 71 copies
representing 71 companies, but only 63 of them can be processed.
4.1. Respondent Profile
The profile of the respondents can be seen in Table 1., ERPS users consist of various types of industries, but most
were firms in the Miscellaneous Industry. Based on the position of the respondents in the company, the position of
the department managers varies. Managers who are in the Non IT/Accounting field are 41% and 30% are in the IT,
while in the accounting field 29%. This indicates that the ERPS users do not only exist in one department, but are
also in different departments that have already been acquainted with the use of ERPS. Furthermore, most
respondents have used ERPS vendors of SAP, as many as 43%. Based on the description of the respondents, it can be
concluded that the sample is fairly representative of the kind of industry, the department’s managers who have filled
the questionnaires, and the type of vendors used.
Table 1. Respondent Profile
Industry Type Total Persentage Vendor Name Total Persentage
Agriculture 3 5% SAP 27 43%
Mining 4 6% Oracle 7 11%
Basic Industry and Chemicals 7 11% IFS 4 6%
Miscellaneous Industry (otomotive, wired,elektronic) 15 24% In house 3 5%
Consumer Goods Industry 8 13% Mincom 3 5%
Property, Real Estate and Building Construction 9 14% Peoplesoft 2 3%
Infrastructure, Utilities & Transportation 8 13% SUN SYSTEMS 2 3%
Trade, Service&Investment 9 14% Others 15 30%
Total 63 100% Total 63 100%
Department Manager Total Persentage
Information Technology (IT) 19 30%
Accounting 18 29%
Non IT / Accounting 26 41%
Total 63 100%
4.2 Non-Response Bias Test
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Non-response bias testing is done to detect the possibility of individual differences in the responses between
individuals who have participated and who did not participate in this study. Testing is done by comparing the
characteristics of the subjects who participated with a subject that is not willing to participate. Because the data of
the subjects who are not willing to participate can not be known, respondents who replied late are used as proxy
respondents for those who are not willing to participate.
Table 2. Non-Response Bias-Test
Response Deskriptive Variable
ERPC
AISQ
EDM
Earlier (N=48) Mean 8.354 32.938 28.229
Deviation Standard
Later (N=15) Mean 8.467 31.733 27.533
Deviation Standard 2.800 4.399 2.722
Probability 0.885 0.480 0.627
For the purpose of non-response bias testing, using SPSS 16.0, respondents are grouped into two groups, answering
early and late. The group that answered earlier consisted of 48 respondents (October 2010 - February 2011) and the
group who answered late were 15 respondents (March 2011 - April 2011). Testing is done by t-test with SPSS 16.0,
to compare the scores of respondents within each group on each of the study variables. If the significance of the
average scores indicate p-value> 0.05, then the inferred average scores did not differ between the groups tested. As
presented in Table 2., the results of the non-response bias, using the t-test on a nonparametric test with SPSS 16.0,
have shown a score of the p-value> 0.05. Thus, it can be concluded that there was no significant difference between
an early respond and a late respond. Therefore the data of this study can be used to explain the conclusions of the
study.
4.3 HypotesisTest
4.3.1 Measurement Model (OuterModel)
The first step in the analysis of the PLS is testing the measurement models that were evaluated using the convergent
validity and discriminant validity for the block of indicators. Convergent validity can be assessed by looking at each
indicator’s reliability, composite’s reliability and the averaged Variance Extracted (AVE). Testing the validity and
reliability of the data is done using Visual PLS 1.04bi program. The number of indicators or item questions used in
the questionnaire were as many as 14 questions. Based on testing results, the validity and the reliability of all items
were declared as a valid and reliable questionnaire. A detailed description is presented below.
4.3.1.1 Convergent Validity
By using the Visual PLS 1.04bi program, the data is processed and has produced a value loading, greater than 0.5 for
all items except for the OSC indicator (for the ERPC construct) which is equal to 0.488. Therefore, all items, except
the indicator OSC, can be used at a later stage.Total items to measure the level of the use of the ERPS as proposed in
the questionnaire consist of three items. The first question is ”which modules are used”; is it the module for
accounting/finance, operations (manufacturing), or human resources (FSC)? The second question is ”whether all
parts are covered by the company's ERPS”; the department, division, the entire company, or several companies
(OSC). The third question is ”which geographically regions are covered by the company’s ERPS; one region (single
site), some regions (multiple sites), national, or international (GSC). Based on the output of Visual PLS 1.04bi, factor
loading values for the first phase are presented in Table 3.
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Table 3. Convergent Validity
Phase I Phase II
Construct Indicator Loading Construct Indicator Loading
ERPC OSC 0.488 ERPC GSC 0.995
GSC 0.963 FSC 0.623
FSC 0.591 AISQ FOR 0.803
AISQ FOR 0.803 AKUR 0.811
AKUR 0.811 TIME 0.927
TIME 0.927 ISI 0.873
ISI 0.873 EASE 0.738
EASE 0.738 PEM 0.877
PEM 0.876 EDM EPK1 0.871
EDM EPK1 0.87 EPK2 0.842
EPK2 0.842 EPK3 0.91
EPK3 0.91 EPK4 0.862
EPK4 0.862 EPK5 0.801
EPK5 0.801
The Construct of AIS quality (AISQ) was measured with six items of the question, ”is the output displayed in a
useful format?” (FOR), ”an accurate accounting information system” (AKUR), ” to obtain the information needed in
a timely manner” (TIME) , ”the content information needs” (ISI), ”information systems are easy to use”
(EASE), ”overall, the system provides useful information for the ongoing monitoring of the decisions and actions”
(PEM). Measuring the effectiveness of the decision-making is done by the five items questionnaire, ”which improves
the timeliness of access to corporate data” (EPK1), ”providing a high level of integration of corporate data”
(EPK2), ”using the ERPS has made the company's AIS more accurate and easily accessible” (EPK3), ”use of the
ERPS has improved the quality of corporate financial reporting” (EPK4), ”use of the ERPS has improved the
decision-making process” (EPK5). After all indicators loading factor that had a value smaller than 0.5 were excluded
from the analysis in the first phase, the next stage was to calculate back all valid indicators in the first phase. The
results of the new loading factor values that are shown in Table 3. shows the value of all indicators loading factor are
greater than 0.5.
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Table 4. Crossloading
Scale Items
ERPC
AISQ EDM Interaks
GSC 1.0115 -0.1475 -0.0711 -0.1511
FSC 0.6333 -0.0472 -0.0089 -0.0215
FOR -0.131 0.8157 0.6108 0.2673
AKUR -0.2152 0.8248 0.6566 0.3982
TIME -0.0495 0.9417 0.8376 0.5233
ISI -0.136 0.8868 0.7323 0.5677
EASE -0.1965 0.7497 0.599 0.2961
PEM -0.0448 0.8905 0.852 0.5123
EPK1 -0.1129 0.7964 0.8851 0.5241
EPK2 0.0861 0.7196 0.8558 0.5202
EPK3 -0.1305 0.8403 0.9251 0.5575
EPK4 -0.0432 0.6792 0.8764 0.5166
EPK5 -0.0773 0.6409 0.8136 0.5215
INT -0.1433 0.5219 0.6152 1.0164
The Next is the assessment of the discriminant validity.The first test of cross loading results (can be seen in Table 4.)
shows that the entire value of the factor loading of each indicator is greater than the measurement of the other
constructs. The conclusions from this analysis is that any latent constructs can predict the measurement of the blocks
better than other blocks so that the measurement of the research model has a good discriminant validity.The second
appraisal is done by looking at the comparison value square root of average variance extracted (AVE) of each
construct with the correlations between the construct in the model. Visual PLS calculation results for the average
variance extracted (AVE) is presented in Table 5.
Table 5. AVE and Square Root of AVE
Variable Average variance extracted
(AVE)
Composite Reliability √Average variance extracted
(AVE)
ERPC 0.689 0.808 0.830
AISQ 0.706 0.935 0.840
EDM 0.736 0.933 0.858
The Square root of AVE values to construct ERPC was 0.830, AISQ constructs 0.840, constructs EDM 0.858.
Furthermore, a comparison between the values of the square root of AVE and correlations between the construct is
presented in Table 6. On the whole it can be seen that the value of the square root of the AVE of each construct was
greater than the correlation between the construct. Thus it can be said that the model has a good value for a
discriminant validity (Fornell and Larcker, 1981).
Composite reliability is a block of indicators that measure a construct reflexive. Composite reliability with a value of
more than 0.7 indicates a good internal consistency. Visual PLS output’s results, as shown in Table 5., show the value
of the entire construct composite reliability above 0.7. Thus, it can be concluded that all constructs have a good
internal consistency. The entire measurement on the above measurement model shows the value that meets the
assessment criteria. Thus, we can conclude that all indicators that have been revised can be used to test the
hypotheses and has a high reliability.
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Table 6. The Square Root of AVE and Correlations Between The Construct
ERPC AISQ EDM
ERPC 0.830
AISQ -0.141 0.840
EDM -0.066 0.848 0.858
4.4 Structural Model (Inner Model)
After having tested the measurement model (outer model), further testing is the structural model. This test is intended
to evaluate the relationship between the constructs that have been proposed in this research hypothesis. Using Visual
PLS, produced two types of information about how well are the predicted structural model and the relationships that
have been hypothesized. The first information obtained by looking at the value of R square, is a test of goodness-fit
model to explain the variation in the percentage of the overall construct of the model. By using Visual PLS outputs
and bootstrapping methods of 500 samples, as shown in Figure 1., the R-square values for the endogenous variables
EDM 0764, show that two exogenous variables, namely the breadth of the use of ERPS (ERPC) and the Accounting
Information Systems Quality (AISQ), as well as the interaction variables together explain 76.4% of the variation in
the effectiveness of the decision making (EDM). This value indicates that the substantial explanatory power is
greater than 67% according to Chin (1998).
The second Information obtained through the parameter coefficient and the significance of t-statistic values are used
to test the hypothesis. Figure 1. also shows the path coefficients indicating the strength of the association between
two constructs. However, not all path coefficients provide significant value (at p = 0.05). Path coefficient for the
effect of the breadth of the use of ERPS (ERPC) to the effectiveness of Decision Making (EDM) is 0.071, t value of
less than 1.96 (1.639), is not significant at p = 0.05. Path coefficient for the Accounting Information Systems Quality
(AISQ) towards the effectiveness of Decision Making (EDM) is 0.737, the t value is greater than 1.96, (8.98),
significant at p = 0.05. The path coefficient for the interaction variable of the Accounting Information Systems
Quality (AISQ) to the effectiveness of Decision Making (EDM) is 0.237 with a t value greater than 1.96, (1.967),
and significant at p = 0.05.
Thus, it can be concluded that the effectiveness of the decision making is influenced by the Accounting Information
Systems Quality (AISQ) and the variable breadth. Using ERP Systems (ERPC) is a moderating variable in relation to
the Accounting Information Systems Quality (AISQ) and the effectiveness of Decision Making (EDM). The more
extensive use of the ERP systems will provide higher influence on the quality of the relationship with the
effectiveness of the Accounting Information Systems Decision Making. This means that the quality of the accounting
information system will affect the effectiveness of the decision-making in the manager’s task.
Significant results suggest that the use of the ERPS, in particular, the functional scope and geographic scope has a
moderating impact on the relationship between the accounting information system’s quality and decision-making
effectiveness. It shows that ERPS can integrate all the data so as to produce information that assists the company
management in the decision making process. The quality of the accounting information systems, is especially
indicated by the accuracy of the system and then in the sequence, through the ease of use of the system, continuous
monitoring of the decisions and actions, timeliness of information, and the effectiveness of display formats.
The accuracy of accounting information system shows that the system used by the company can produce in
accordance with the required information so that it can be used in the effective decision-making process. This means
that the delivery of information has been interpreted and understood easily, achieve better dissemination of
information related to parts or functions.The effectiveness of the decision making as described is obtained
specifically by increasing the decision making process, and further by the availability of a high-level enterprise data
integration, accuracy and ease in accessing to data on the company's accounting information system, the timeliness
of access to corporate data, and enhancing the quality of the corporate financial reporting.
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Figure 1. EDM Model
These results are consistent with the theory of Information Systems (IS) Success (DeLone and McLean, 1992), the
successful implementation of the system in terms of the quality of the system used, the quality of information, use,
and user satisfaction. Satisfaction using the system in terms of content, format, ease of use, timeliness, and accuracy
of information.
Table 7. T-test Result
Manager Perceived Deskriptive
Variable
ERPC AISQ EDM
Information Technology (N=19) Median 32.08 35.29 36.45
Accounting (N=18) Median 29.31 31.08 27.56
Others (N=26) Median 33.81 30.23 31.83
Chi_square 0.652 0.907 2.193
Asymp. Sig. 0.722 0.636 0.334
The results of this study support previous studies, such as research by Nicolaou (2000) and Yeunyong (2007). Both
of these studies showed the effect of the use of the integrated system and the perception of the effectiveness of the
accounting information systems. Moreover, it also supports research through surveys by Spathis and Constantinides
(2004), Spathis (2006), as well as Spathis and Ananiadis (2005). They found that the use of Enterprise Resource
Planning systems has brought changes, especially in the accounting process, and the ERPS has integrated all
accounting applications.
The results of this study also support the research of Spathis and Constantinides (2003) and Sajady et al. (2008),
namely that the use of The ERPS is useful in enhancing the flexibility to produce information, improve the quality
of corporate financial reporting, effective decisions making, and maintaining the data more easily. In particular,
Sajadi et al. (2008) concluded that the use of information technology can affect the effectiveness of the accounting
information systems. Significant results on the effectiveness of the decision-making models also support the study of
Bahrami and Jordan (2009) about an improvement in the decision-making process both at a strategic and operational
level.
The results of the test with SPSS 16.0 as presented in Table 7. showed no difference in the perception of the quality
of the accounting information systems and the effectiveness of the decision-making between the different functional
managers. This is consistent with the results of Chang (2006), Ifinedo and Nahar (2007), Esteves (2009).
4. Conclusions
This research was conducted with three objectives: (1) assess whether the manager perception of the accounting
information systems quality affects the effectiveness of the decision making process, (2) assess whether the breadth
of the use of ERPS can be a moderating factor in the relationship between manager's perception of the accounting
Research Journal of Finance and Accounting www.iiste.org
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information systems quality and the effectiveness of the decision-making process, (3) assess whether there are
differences in perception between managers of different departments about the accounting information systems
quality and the effectiveness of the decision-making process in the breadth of the use of ERPS.
Based on the above objective hypothesis testing has been performed and obtained the following results;
The manager’s perceptions of the accounting information system’s quality affect the effectiveness of the
decision making process.
The breadth of the use of the ERPS can be a moderating factor in the relationship between manager's
perception of the accounting information system quality and the effectiveness of the decision-making
process.
There was no difference between the perceptions of the different department managers regarding the
accounting information systems quality and the effectiveness of the decision making process on the breadth
of the use of the ERPS.
As the results of testing the outer model, the breadth of the use of the ERPS, can be measured with the
capability concept proposed by Karimi et al. (2007) The level of usage can be seen from the wide range of
systems using either functional or geographic systems. Therefore, the concept of information system
capabilities can be used in future studies related to information systems.
Measurement of the accounting information system’s quality in this study followed the theory of
Information Systems (IS) Success. The effectiveness of the accounting information system can be assessed
by user satisfaction in processingtask, storing, and disseminating information that can be used for decision
making. Therefore the theory of Information Systems (IS) Success can be used in the literature related to
accounting information systems especially in data processing and the utilization of information due to the
information system implementation.
This study has not used the random sampling data because there is no information indicating the number
and names of companies that have officially used the ERPS. To overcome the difficulties experienced in the
data collection with the company as unit of analysis, further research can be performed with the user ERPS
as the unit of analysis. This is done to get an breadth idea of the benefits from the end user to the intended
use of the system.
This study has used a survey method, so that more in-depth information about the perceptions of the
respondents have not been not obtained. For future research it is necessary to use other methods to explore
a more detailed picture of the overall benefits from the level of the use of the ERPS.
Future research will also need to accommodate the differences in the time of assessment of the effectiveness
of the implementation of decisions reached due to the implementation of ERPS. In addition, information
about the benefits of accounting have also been associated with the firm’s performance improvement.
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