Article

Surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis--open or laparoscopic surgery?

University of Zagreb, Dubrava University Hospital, Department of Abdominal Surgery, Zagreb, Croatia.
Collegium antropologicum (Impact Factor: 0.61). 12/2012; 36(4):1363-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Human echinococcosis remains a significant medical issue in endemic areas. Hydatid cysts can rupture, which is the most severe complication of echinococcosis as it can cause anaphylactic reaction and seeding of secondary cysts. Traditionally, hydatid cysts were evacuated by open surgical procedure in order to remove the entire cyst or by unroofing method, with evacuation of the cyst content. Recently, an increasing number of such operations are performed using laparoscopic approach. This study was prospectively conducted in a 5-year period, from 2004-2008. Altogether, 25 surgically treated patients were included in this study. Clinical examination, specific serological test, abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography were used for establishing diagnosis. Open surgery was initially performed in 17 patients and laparoscopic in 8. Three of those 8 patients required conversion to open surgery. Open pericystectomy was performed in 11 patients and laparoscopic pericystectomy in 3 patients. Open partial pericystectomy according to Papadimitriou was performed in 9 patients with hydatid cyst and laparoscopic partial pericistectomy in 2 patients. Our experience indicates that in the case of liver hydatid cyst disease, laparoscopic exploration, and if possible, laparoscopic pericystectomy or partial pericystectomy, should be performed in selected patients.

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    ABSTRACT: Hayvancılığın yaygın olduğu coğrafyalarda sık görülen ve Echinococcus granulosus'un etken olduğu hidatik kistinde antiparaziter ilaçlar kullanılsa da, en etkili tedavi minimal perkütan girişimlerden açık cerrahiye kadar uzanan invazif yaklaşımlardır. Çalışmamızda tip 1 karaci-ğer kist hidatik hastalarında standart laparoskopik el aletleriyle uygulanan minimal invazif cerrahinin etkinliğini araştırdık. Kliniğimizde 2013-2014 arasında on tane tip I (CE 1 – pür kistik) karaciğer kist hidatik hastasına uyguladığımız laparoskopik cerrahi girişimin verileri, literatür bilgileri ışığında değerlendirildi. Hastaların 5'i kadın 5'i erkekti. Hastaların ortalama yaşı 44 idi. Ortalama kist çapı 82.6 mm idi. Kistlerin en sık yerleşim yeri segment 2-3 idi. On hastanın sadece birinde indirekt hemaglitunasyon testi pozitif bulundu. Tüm hastalarda tanı histopatolojik olarak doğrulandı. Hastaların tamamına standart laparoskopik el aletleri kullanılarak laparoskopik unroofing+total kistekto-mi+drenaj uygulandı. Ortalama ameliyat süresi 95 dakika, hastaların ortanca yatış süresi 4 (2-18) gün, ortalama takip süreleri 13 aydı. Polik-linikten takip edilen hastalarda nüks saptanmadı. Günümüzde deneyimli merkezlerde seçilmiş hastalarda laparoskopik cerrahi girişimler karaciğer kist hidatik hastalığının tedavisinde etkin ve güvenli bir alternatif olarak tedavi algoritmasında yerini almaktadır ve düşük kompli-kasyon oranlarıyla uygulanabilmektedir. Özellikle pür kistik ekinokokkozların cerrahisinde özelleşmiş laparoskopik aletlere gerek olmadığını düşünmekteyiz. ABSTRACT Despite antiparasite-drug-regimen, most effective treatment modality in hydatid disease – that is common in the husbandry regions and caused by Echinococcus granulosus – is still invasive in a spectrum of percutaneous techniques to major surgery. We evaluated the efficacy of minimal invasive surgery with standart laparoscopy instruments for type I hydatid cyst patients. Data of patients between 2013-2014 undergone laparoscopic surgery for liver type I (pure cystic) hydatid cyst were evaluated and discussed with literature data. There were 5 male, 5 female patients. Mean age was 44. Mean diameter of cysts was 82.6 mm. Most common locations for cysts in liver were segments 2 and 3. Only one patient had positive indirect hemagglutination test result. All diagnosis confirmed by histopathology. All patients had undergone laparoscopic procedure of unroofing+total cystectomy+drainage performed with standart instruments. Mean operative duration was 95 minutes. Median hospital stay value was 4 (2-18) days. Mean follow-up period was 13 months; no recurrence during follow-up. Laparoscopy take place as an effective and safe alternative in treatment algorythm of hydatid disease and can be performed with low rate of complications. We suggest that special laparoscopic instruments aren't necessary for pure cystic echinococcosis' surgery.
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    ABSTRACT: The laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) represents a new pathway in hepatic surgery. Several studies have reported its application in both malignant and benign liver diseases. The most common liver resections performed laparoscopically are wedge, segmental resections and metastasectomy; although in large centers the laparoscopic right and left hepatectomies have begun to perform more frequently. We report the initial experience in LLRs at our department including a case of the first laparoscopic left lateral liver bisegmentectomy performed in patient with follicular nodular hyperplasia and the 15 cases of wedge laparoscopic resections of echinococcic liver cysts. According to literature the mortality rate in LLRs is up to 0.3% and morbidity rate up to 10.5%. The most common cause of the death is liver failure, while the most frequent complication is the bile leakage. Advantages for patients include smaller incisions, less blood loss, and shorter lengths of hospital stay. The LLRs in experienced hands were shown to be safe with acceptable morbidity and mortality for both minor and major hepatic resections in benign and malignant diseases.
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