Article

The knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents of children with asthma in 29 cities of China: A multi-center study

BMC Pediatrics (Impact Factor: 1.93). 02/2013; 13(1):20. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-13-20
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background
Asthma is becoming increasingly prevalent among children in China. Poor parent knowledge and attitudes often contribute to inappropriate management practices, leading to deficiencies in the care process. We aimed to document the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of parents of children with asthma and analyze how knowledge and attitudes relate to practices. Our secondary objective was to identify the factors associated with parent KAP scores.

Methods
A KAP questionnaire was distributed to parents caring for 2960 children (0–14 years) diagnosed with asthma for at least 3 months from China’s 29 provinces. A 50-item questionnaire was devised for this cross-sectional survey based on a comprehensive review of the subject. Questionnaires were scored on 30 items regarding parent asthma-related KAP, with one point for every correct response and a possible range of 0–13 for knowledge, 0–7 for attitudes and 0–10 for practices. Higher scores indicated better KAP. Chi-squared tests and logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with practices and combined KAP scores.

Results
The response rate was 83.95% (2485/2960). Only 18.31% (455/2485) of parents correctly answered ≥ 60% of the knowledge questions (mean = 5.69). Most (89.85%; 2226/2485) gave positive responses to ≥ 60% of the attitude questions (mean = 5.23) while 67.89% (1687/2485) correctly answered ≥ 60% of the practices questions (mean = 6.19). Knowledge and attitudes were positively associated with pulmonary function testing, regular physician visits, monitoring with a peak flow meter and the Children’s Asthma Control Test questionnaire, avoidance of asthma triggers, using an inhaled β2 receptor agonist and adherence to medication regimen (p ≤ 0.05). Attitudes were also associated with allergen testing. In logistic regression analysis, high KAP scores (dichotomized by a cut-off score of 18) were positively associated with food allergy, rhinitis, physician visits, frequency of visits and parent education (p < 0.05, OR > 1).

Conclusions
Generally, the parents’ KAP were poor. A gap between recommended and actual practice was observed, which may be related to inadequate knowledge about and poor attitudes toward childhood asthma. Improving knowledge and attitudes may encourage better practices among parents of children with asthma.

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Available from: li Xiang, Dec 01, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background Asthma is becoming increasingly prevalent among children in China. Poor parent knowledge and attitudes often contribute to inappropriate management practices, leading to deficiencies in the care process. We aimed to document the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of parents of children with asthma and analyze how knowledge and attitudes relate to practices. Our secondary objective was to identify the factors associated with parent KAP scores. Methods A KAP questionnaire was distributed to parents caring for 2960 children (0–14 years) diagnosed with asthma for at least 3 months from China’s 29 provinces. A 50-item questionnaire was devised for this cross-sectional survey based on a comprehensive review of the subject. Questionnaires were scored on 30 items regarding parent asthma-related KAP, with one point for every correct response and a possible range of 0–13 for knowledge, 0–7 for attitudes and 0–10 for practices. Higher scores indicated better KAP. Chi-squared tests and logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with practices and combined KAP scores. Results The response rate was 83.95% (2485/2960). Only 18.31% (455/2485) of parents correctly answered ≥ 60% of the knowledge questions (mean = 5.69). Most (89.85%; 2226/2485) gave positive responses to ≥ 60% of the attitude questions (mean = 5.23) while 67.89% (1687/2485) correctly answered ≥ 60% of the practices questions (mean = 6.19). Knowledge and attitudes were positively associated with pulmonary function testing, regular physician visits, monitoring with a peak flow meter and the Children’s Asthma Control Test questionnaire, avoidance of asthma triggers, using an inhaled β2 receptor agonist and adherence to medication regimen (p ≤ 0.05). Attitudes were also associated with allergen testing. In logistic regression analysis, high KAP scores (dichotomized by a cut-off score of 18) were positively associated with food allergy, rhinitis, physician visits, frequency of visits and parent education (p < 0.05, OR > 1). Conclusions Generally, the parents’ KAP were poor. A gap between recommended and actual practice was observed, which may be related to inadequate knowledge about and poor attitudes toward childhood asthma. Improving knowledge and attitudes may encourage better practices among parents of children with asthma.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · BMC Pediatrics
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The objective of this study was to examine caregiver responses to individual questions of the asthma knowledge questionnaire and to compare the prevalence of uncontrolled asthma among children according to caregiver responses (correct vs. incorrect). Methods: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study among 158 children with asthma aged 4-11 who were attending the pediatric primary care clinic of the King Khalid University Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The asthma knowledge questionnaire for use with parents or guardians of children with asthma was used to measure the knowledge of caregivers. Asthma control in the children was measured using an Arabic version of the childhood asthma control test. Pearson's chi-square or Fisher's exact tests were used to compare the prevalence of uncontrolled asthma according to the caregivers' responses. Results: This study showed substantial gaps in knowledge among caregivers of children with asthma. The answer to only one of 17 questions was well known (86.1%); this question involved the harm of smoking near a child with asthma. Answers on 11 of 17 questions were significantly (p < 0.05) associated with asthma control in children. Among the key questions explored, the prevalence of uncontrolled asthma was 3.0 (1.8-4.9), 2.5 (95% confidence interval = 1.7-3.9) and 1.8 (1.3-2.5) times higher among children of caregivers who did not disagree with the statements that it is not good for children to use an inhaler for too long, that inhalers can affect or damage the heart, and that children with asthma should use asthma medications only when they have symptoms. Conclusions: Although innovations are needed to help patients improve their adherence to treatment and to effectively utilize the benefits of contemporary asthma medications, we observe substantial knowledge-related problems in the asthma management of children in Saudi Arabia.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract: Asthma awareness is one of the most important components in childhood asthma control. Inadequate asthma management and a subsequent increase of morbidity have been attributed to insufficient disease knowledge among the guardians/parents of the patients. Only a few published survey instruments specifically designed to gain insights into the perceptions of the parents/guardians of children with asthma are available. Moreover, the Arabic version of any asthma awareness questionnaire is not yet available. The objective of this study was creation of Arabic asthma awareness questionnaire from a published English version of Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (AKQ) and its validation for assessing the level of asthma knowledge among parents/guardians of asthmatic children. Original asthma knowledge questionnaire in English language was translated into Arabic language and termed as Arabic asthma knowledge questionnaire (AAKQ). A thorough validation and reliability testing was performed on AAKQ. Results revealed that the AAKQ came out with good reliability and consistency to evaluate the level of asthma awareness among parents/guardians of pediatric asthmatics. The findings explained poor asthma control despite guidelines available on health care system relating asthma in Saudi Arabia. AAKQ is appropriate for assessing general aspects of asthma and possible areas of improvement, but not applicable to evaluate the specific clinical management of asthma. In conclusion, this study provides first ever validation of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess level of asthma awareness among parents/guardians of children with asthma.
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