Integrating muscle cell biochemistry and whole-body physiology in humans:31P-MRS data from the InSight trial

School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex , Colchester, UK
Scientific Reports (Impact Factor: 5.58). 01/2013; 3:1182. DOI: 10.1038/srep01182
Source: PubMed


We acquired (31)P-MRS data from skeletal muscle of subjects of mixed gender and ethnicity, combined with a panel of physiological characteristics, and tested several long-standing hypotheses regarding relationships between muscle cell biochemistry and whole-body physiology with unusually high statistical power. We hypothesized that i) whole-body VO(2)max would correlate with muscle respiratory capacity, ii) resting muscle phosphocreatine concentration ([PCr]) would negatively correlate with delta efficiency and iii) muscle mitochondrial function would positively correlate with both resting VO(2) and total daily energy expenditure (TDEE). Muscle respiratory capacity explained a quarter of the variation in VO(2)max (r(2) = 26, p < .001, n = 87). There was an inverse correlation between muscle [PCr] and delta efficiency (r = -23, p = 046, n = 87). There was also a correlation between [PCr] recovery halftime and TDEE (r = -23, p = 035, n = 87). Our data not only provide insights into muscle cell chemistry and whole-body physiology but our mixed cohort means that our findings are broadly generalizable.

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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can give information about cellular metabolism in vivo which is difficult to obtain in other ways. In skeletal muscle, noninvasive (31) P MRS measurements of the post-exercise recovery kinetics of pH, [PCr], [Pi] and [ADP] contain valuable information about muscle mitochondrial function and cellular pH homeostasis in vivo, but quantitative interpretation depends on understanding the underlying physiology. Here, by giving examples of the analysis of (31) P MRS recovery data, by some simple computational simulation, and by extensively comparing data from published studies using both (31) P MRS and invasive direct measurements of muscle O2 consumption in a common analytical framework, we consider what can be learnt quantitatively about mitochondrial metabolism in skeletal muscle using MRS-based methodology. We explore some technical and conceptual limitations of current methods, and point out some aspects of the physiology which are still incompletely understood. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Acta Physiologica