Implementation of a Nurse-Driven Burn Resuscitation Protocol: A Quality Improvement Project

Critical Care Nurse (Impact Factor: 1.56). 02/2013; 33(1):25-35. DOI: 10.4037/ccn2013385
Source: PubMed


Burn resuscitation, including titration of fluids and administration of colloids, is often driven by physicians' orders. Inconsistencies in burn resuscitation cause overresuscitation, which has adverse consequences.

Retrospective chart reviews were completed to evaluate fluid resuscitation and complications for 12 months before and after development and implementation of a nurse-driven burn resuscitation protocol.

Before implementation of the protocol, results at 24 hours after injury indicated that 58% of patients were overresuscitated, had a serum level of lactate of at least 2 mmol/L (100%), and had complications (pulmonary edema 20%, abdominal compartment syndrome 7%, acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome 30%) within the first 5 days. Two outcomes differed from before to after implementation of the protocol: serum level of lactate at 24 hours (t(37.8) =2.38, P =.007) and central venous pressure at 48 hours (t(31) =2.27, P =.03). After implementation of the protocol, no patients had abdominal compartment syndrome develop.

Implementation of the nurse-driven burn resuscitation protocol improved nurses' awareness and assessment of fluid status during resuscitation and improved patients' outcomes.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The use of negative-pressure-wound-therapy (NPWT) is associated with improved outcomes in smaller burns. We report our experience using extra-large (XL) NPWT dressings to treat ≥15% total body surface area (TBSA) burned and describe our technique and early outcomes. We also provide NPWT exudate volume for predictive fluid resuscitation in these critically ill patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients treated with XL-NPWT from 2012 to 2014. Following excision/grafting, graft and donor sites were sealed with a layered NPWT dressing. We documented wound size, dressing size, NPWT outputs, graft take, wound infections, and length of stay (LOS). Mean NPWT exudate volume per %TBSA per day was calculated. Results: Twelve burn patients (mean TBSA burned 30%, range 15-60%) were treated with XL-NPWT (dressing TBSA burned and skin graft donor sites range 17-44%). Average graft take was 97%. No wound infections occurred. Two patients had burns ≥50% TBSA and their LOS was reduced compared to ABA averages. XL-NPWT outputs peaked at day 1 after grafting followed by a steady decline until dressings were removed. Average XL-NPWT dressing output during the first 5 days was 101±66mL/%BSA covered per day. 2 patients developed acute kidney injury. Conclusion: The use of XL-NPWT to treat extensive burns is feasible with attention to application technique. NPWT dressings appear to improve graft take, and to decrease risk of infection, LOS, and pain and anxiety associated with wound care. Measured fluid losses can improve patient care in future applications of NPWT to large burn wounds.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries