Study on differentiation factors for main disease identification of intermittent claudication

    Abstract

    Intermittent Claudication [1] is a walking symptom. After a short time walking, patients suffer from pains at lower limbs. But if taking a rest, the pains can be relieved and they can walk again. Unfortunately, it arises from not one but mainly two kinds of diseases: LSS (lumber spinal canal stenosis) and PAD (peripheral arterial disease). Additionally, it is reported that symptom is similar and LSS groups is furthermore divided into two main groups: L4 and L5 groups. Therefore, it is clinically very important to differentiate which diseases the patients suffer from, PAD, L4 or L5. We aims at developing the system to differentiate them from short walking motion data. In our previous paper [2], we derived differentiation factors, but did not consider the difference between L4 and L5 and the results are limited. This paper focuses on biarticular muscles associated with the diseases, and derive new and effective differentiation factors. The results supports their effectiveness and validity.