Phyllodes Tumor of the Vulva: Report of Two Cases.

Department of Pathology, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, ANTALYA, TURKEY.
Turk Patoloji Dergisi 01/2013; 29(1):73-76. DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2013.01153
Source: PubMed


Ectopic breast tissue can occur anywhere along the primitive embryonic milk line and can be the site of the same pathologic processes found in the normal breast. Phyllodes tumor is an extremely rare fibroepithelial neoplasm that occurs in ectopic breast tissue of the vulva. To date, only 8 cases of phyllodes tumor in the vulva have been reported in the literature. This paper presents two additional case of benign phyllodes tumor in the vulva. The first patient was a 43-year-old woman, presenting with a lesion on the left anterior mons pubis that had increased in size in the last three months. The second patient was a 50-year-old woman, presenting with a two-month history of a mass in the right labium majus. The patients underwent excisional biopsy. The histological examination of both specimens revealed a characteristic pattern of benign phyllodes tumor. In conclusion, the pathologists need to be aware that the lesion can occur in this location. Herein, the concepts about the histogenesis of phyllodes tumor in the vulva are discussed and a brief review of the previously reported cases is given.

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    ABSTRACT: The mons pubis may become involved in dermatologic conditions or gynecologic lesions affecting the vulva. There are also unusual lesions that have been reported arising from the mons specifically. A familiarity with these lesions will be helpful if a patient with a lesion of the mons is encountered.
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    ABSTRACT: Phyllodes tumors of the vulva are rare proliferations that share morphologic similarities with breast neoplasms. Their histogenetic origin is elusive and may be associated with specialized mammary-like glands of the vulva. Because of their rarity, the clinical and pathologic features, classification, and therapy are not well defined, and their biologic behavior is difficult to predict by histology alone. Immunohistochemical expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors and breast markers provide further support for a common origin. Surgical resection is the current mainstay of therapy and is definitive in most cases.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare breast tumors that resemble fibroadenoma. They are composed of two types of tissues: stromal and glandular tissues. Unlike fibroadenoma, they are commonly found in the third decade of life and they tend to grow more rapidly. Depending on the relative components of the cells and mitotic activity, they are classified into benign, borderline, and malignant. They are usually present as a lump in the breast. Phyllodes tumors are usually managed by wide excision. The excision should be wide enough to ensure a tumor-free margin. Recurrence rate is very high and most recurrences are usually local. Metastasis to the vulva has not been reported.
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