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Purpose – With talent management becoming an area of growing concern in the literature, this paper seeks to investigate talent management, employee engagement and talent pipeline development. Design/methodology/approach – A case study of best practice in talent pipeline development is followed using interviews and archival data as shared by the organization. Findings – The findings of the case looked at interventions of employee engagement and dialogue. Establishing talent pools and identification of talent through talent matrix is highlighted. A basic HR architecture is emphasized. Global managerial diversity with rotational assignments in different markets is another finding of the case which grooms future leaders for the organization. Originality/value – The present study indicated that a good level of engagement may lead to high retention and grooming of future leaders for the organization.
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Managing capabilities for talent engagement
and pipeline development
Jyotsna Bhatnagar
Purpose With talent management becoming an area of growing concern in the literature, this paper
seeks to investigate talent management, employee engagement and talent pipeline development.
Design/methodology/approach A case study of best practice in talent pipeline development is
followed using interviews and archival data as shared by the organization.
Findings The findings of the case looked at interventions of employee engagement and dialogue.
Establishing talent pools and identification of talent through talent matrix is highlighted. A basic HR
architecture is emphasized. Global managerial diversity with rotational assignments in different markets
is another finding of the case which grooms future leaders for the organization.
Originality/value The present study indicated that a good level of engagement may lead to high
retention and grooming of future leaders for the organization.
Keywords Management strategy, Employees
Paper type Research paper
Digitization, labor shortages, growth through acquisitions, simultaneous downsizing and
expansion, workforce demographic changes, and globalization are just a few of the trends
that have made talent a top priority (Boudreau and Ramstad, 2004). There is a seismic shift,
which began some ten years ago, and which according to Charan (2006), brought about
three forces. These were: mobility of talent, mobility of capital, and mobility of knowledge,
thanks largely to the internet. Resultant of this shift was that anyone from anywhere with
determination could restructure a global industry. Case in point is of Lakshmi N. Mittal who
used know-how from his family’s steel business in India to build London-based Mittal Steel
Co., the world’s largest. Similarly Mexico’s Cemex is a new world leader blossoming far from
traditional business centers like New York and Tokyo (RamCharan, 2006).
The clustering of talent is just as prevalent in the emerging economies, especially India and
China, where economic and technological activity is becoming far more concentrated than
in the advanced world. A small number of booming mega-regions like Bangalore, New Delhi,
Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou are sucking talent from the countryside, connecting to
the world economy, and leaving the rest of their countries behind. Within these regions, too
as within US metros the economic divide between high-skilled and low-skilled is growing
(Florida, 2006). Talent management is fast gaining top priority for organizations across
countries. It is not easy to miss the potential of new technologies, the impact of new
competition, and the shifting power of customer and suppliers critical points in time that
Grove called strategic inflection points. It is believed that the war for talent is a similar to
critical strategic inflection point. It rose quietly from the ashes of the Industrial age in 1980s,
jumped into the headlines in 1990s, and will continue to reshape the workplace in the
decades ahead (Grove, 1998).
DOI 10.1108/00197850810841602 VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008, pp. 19-28, Q Emerald Group Publishing Limited, ISSN 0019-7858
Jyotsna Bhatnagar is
Associate Professor in the
Human Resource
Management Area,
Management Development
Institute, Sukhrali, Gurgaon,
The talent pools (such as jobs, roles or competencies) in organizations, see some
improvement in quality but make the biggest difference to organizational success. The
‘pivotal talent pools’’ are the vital targets for HR investment and leader attention (Boudreau
and Ramstad, 2005) and provide a fierce employer brand equity (Fitz-enz, 1997) in a market
where talented employees are in short supply. A way to retain these employees is to provide
them a passion to work, an engrossing environment which peaks their performance and
gives a continuous work experience which is difficult for competitors to replicate. Employee
engagement is driving employer Brand equity. Employer brand interventions in recent
research indicate talent management as a key driver for this strategy (HR Focus, 2006).
Recent research indicates the war for talent happening due to labor market shortage
(Branham, 2005; Brewster et al., 2005; Lawler, 2005 Boudreau and Ramstad, 2005; Gardner,
2002; Cappelli, 2000; Nybo, 2004; Sparrow, 2004; Rivenbark, 2004; Frank and Taylor, 2004,
Scheweyer, 2004; Chambers et al., 1998) yet very little research attention has been aimed at
competitive strategies of the firms in this battle. Talent has become the key differentiator for
Human capital management and for leveraging competitive advantage. There has been a
spate in Indian Literature on the same (see Bhatnagar, 2004; Chugh and Bhatnagar, 2006;
Bhatnagar, 2007) yet firm specific strategies are needed. Many Indian companies, both in
the public and private sector, have been hailed for the premium they put on their human
capital (see Businessworld, 2007).
Leadership development: pivotal talent pools
As competition for critical talent heats up, organizations must rethink the actions they take to
retain and attract talent. To begin, they must identify the segments of the workforce that drive
current and future growth. Then, they must focus on the issues that employees care about
most: development in a way that stretches individual capabilities, deploying into work that
engages their heads and hearts, and connecting with the people who will help them achieve
their objectives (van Dam, 2006). Creating the Leadership bench strength then becomes a
critical inflection point. This is possible through development of a talent mindset, developing
deep pockets and pools of talent, and differentiating between star performers in terms of
performance and potential. Besides these points, of course creating lynchpin positions and
rewarding them through continuous learning stretch targets is another strategy of developing
leadership talent pipeline (Conger and Fulmer, 2003). Some researchers call it ‘talent
segmentation’’ which is as vital as ‘‘customer segmentation’’ (Boudreau and Ramstad, 2004,
2005). Part of talent segmentation is identifying ‘‘pivotal talent pools’’ where human capital
makes the biggest difference to strategic success (Boudreau and Ramstad, 2005).
Yet there is a ‘‘leadership crisis’’ where leaders of the future will need to be ‘‘home-grown’
rather than attracted from outside the organization. As such, it is important that organizations
take an active role in identifying and cultivating their own people who have the capability and
potential to become effective leaders (Parry and Proctor-Thomson, 2003, p. 318).
Furthermore, the academic literature primarily suggests that if organizations do participate in the
professional development of leaders, they do so as a source of competitive advantage (e.g.
Fulmer et al., 2000). Within the extant literature, the concepts of career development and
leadership development are seldom considered concurrently. In particular, within the leadership
development literature the concept of leadership and organizational responsibility for a leader’s
career has always been implied rather than stated (Parry and Proctor-Thomson, 2003, p. 319).
Talent pipeline development needs high potential development, and recent empirical
studies have found that job rotation and mentoring/coaching are quite popular activities and
formal external training has the most diversified application for such development.
‘‘ Talent manag ement is fast gaining top priority for
organizations across countries. ’’
VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008
As expected, high-potential development takes up more time and offers a wider scope of
activities than is the case for other managerial development initiatives. Especially,
organization size may bring some variation in these patterns (Vloeberghs et al., 2005).
The most powerful talent-management practices are firm specific and respond to an
organization’s unique business and human capital context (Heinen and O’Neill, 2004).
Brockbank (2002) believes that career planning (now a part of talent management) is not in
the hands of employees. As companies try to respond to a fast-changing marketplace, they
will have to continually shuffle their employees to businesses with the highest returns.
The paper presents a case study of a multinational organization in India. The name of the
organizations has been changed at the organization’s request for confidentiality. The
organization is hence Organization Sense. With a presence in more than 190 countries,
Organization Sense is one of the most international organizations. For 150 years, innovations
have shaped the organization. The Group in India is in the field of electrical and electronics
engineering. It has the capability to integrate diverse products, systems and services into
turnkey solutions across the life-cycle of a project. It is a multinational organization in the
area of energy, lighting; transportation; information and communication and healthcare. The
operations include 15 manufacturing plants and 16 sales offices. It is also part of a vast
global network of 461,000 employees, operating in over 190 countries.
The talent pipeline system is described in detail at the organization spanning the entire HR
value chain and the employee life cycle starting rightly from: On boarding; development of
competencies, job rotation, learning and development, nurturing of high potential
employees, talent pools; talent identification through talent matrix, talent pipeline
development. This is followed by implications for HR practitioners.
Organization Sense: talent capability system
Talent onboarding. Organization Sense grows with its people. They believe that it is their
people who make them a world leader. Individuals who are bright, motivated and versatile
and have the ability to explore and generate innovative ideas and the courage to implement
them are sought for to match the organization needs and culture. Several campus programs
are there for fresh recruitment which include: Studentship Program: Scholarships and
in-plant project work are offered to third year students from selected colleges. Final
placement offers then may be made to these students at the end of their projects.
Campus resourcing. Candidates are recruited from various colleges based on their
academic record and a selection process in which specially trained interview panel
members assess them on certain pre-determined competencies Apart from recruiting the
right people, it has recently launched an initiative to increase the ratio of female scientists
and technocrats in its ranks. ‘Yolanda’ is not only a woman’s name. It is also the acronym for
a new Organization Sense initiative launched in Germany in 2002. The ‘Yolanda’ program is
providing 100 young women with mentorship for the entire duration of their studies. Yolanda
is aimed at female students in the engineering and scientific fields. The focus is on the
technological disciplines since there are fewer female graduates in these subjects than
Organization Sense would like to hire the percentage of women students in some technical
fields is considerably less than ten percent.
Nurturing and grooming of talent
Trainee Engineers Induction: Graduate Trainee Engineers are inducted with a training period
of one year. During this year trainees undergo a complete information program. Every
quarter inputs are given in technical, behavioral and functional areas. They are also
assigned a mentor to be their coach and friend during this year. The fresh entrants are
formally coached on the job by their reporting officers and mentored by senior executives.
This helps them to quickly settle down, adapt to the company culture, understand the
company philosophy and assimilate the company core values. Based on a performance
evaluation at the end of the year the trainees are confirmed.
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Development of competencies
The competency development model of Organization Sense encompasses all levels of
employees and development in both fields-technical as well as managerial. Various
initiatives include:
Job rotation: At the worker level, monotony of production jobs involving repetitive actions
is quite likely to demotivate an employee. To overcome the fatigue, a long recognized and
recommended remedy is job rotation. This results in an additional benefit to the
organization by way of multi-skilled employees.
Cross-functional projects/task force assignments: One of the tools of quality improvement
programs is encouragement by management of formation of cross functional groups to
tackle specific problems requiring cross functional expertise.
Technical training: is a necessity both for the workers on a periodic basis, as well as the
executives to assimilate new technologies so that they are constantly exposed to and
keep in touch with the cutting edge of technological developments in the industry.. As old
technologies become obsolete, there is a constant need to renew the talent renewal too.
Management development centers: are entrusted with the task of developing the
managerial talent of identified executives of the company.
Long term management development program: The company has tied up with Indian
Institute of Management, Bangalore for imparting specific managerial inputs for its senior
managers. These interventions are long term management programs for mindset
changing which are developed and customized specifically for Organization Sense. The
importance and commitment to training by the top management is reflected in the fact
that even during the time of severe Budget cuts, the program continued.
Functional and business diversity: This involves exposing talent to their diversified
businesses across the country. The diversified product portfolio of Organization Sense
India including traction motors for Indian railways to switchgears for power plants to
highly sophisticated medical equipment for the health care industry, gives it the flexibility
to provide a wide range of experience to its personnel.
General management exposure: This calls for shifting talent from functional or specialist
role to that of a general manager, as he moves up the hierarchy. Various interventions are
planned in order to better prepare these individuals for tackling new assignments.
International exposure calls for moving selected high performers across countries in order to
give them experience in International business operations and cultures. It widens their
perspective and they are likely to manage better in the larger organizational interest.
Selection of high potential-high performers
In selection of high potential the Talent Management Initiative at Organization Sense takes a
holistic view and:
1. Sets a framework for identification, development and deployment of hi-potential
2. Aligns the system with various other local HR systems and processes which include:
‘‘ ... it is important that organizations take an active role in
identifying and cultivating their own people who have the
capability and potential to become effective leaders. ’’
VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008
career development;
re-deployment; and
3. Integrates organization sense HR initiatives.
Goal setting and performance measurement
Organization Sense Management Review (SMR) is a formal performance appraisal system.
It recognizes that rewarding an employee for a job well done also motivates an
under-performer to pull up his socks. The first step towards an effective model of
performance management system is: job evaluation, which is an ongoing process at
Organization Sense India. This is considered an important input for designing a fit between
the employee and the organization. The company uses the Mercer model for job evaluation
wherein the CEO’S job is taken as benchmark and all other jobs are evaluated on the
parameters as defined by the Mercer model. It classifies jobs based on:
size of responsibility impact on organization and supervision;
scope of responsibility area of responsibility and interaction; and
job complexity qualification,problem solving and environmental condition.
Performance is assessed on an overall basis considering each of the following:
actual results achieved vis-a
-vis specific targets set for the financial year;
performances in areas of responsibility other than those in which specific targets were
set; and
circumstances under which the results were achieved.
Considering the above, the superior rates whether the subordinate’s performance:
exceeds expectation;
meets expectation; or
needs improvement.
Potential to assume jobs involving higher levels of responsibility/complexity are rated taking
the following factors into consideration:
impact on organization;
area of responsibility;
problem solving; and
environment conditions.
Individuals are rated on potential rating as follows:
CF Current fit; matches current requirement.
P Potential to assume responsibilities at the next higher level.
P þ Potential to assume responsibilities beyond the next higher level.
New Too new in the current level (note: current level and not current job), for potential to
be reasonably assessed.
VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008
Potential as per above is assessed for over a period of the next five to seven years. Based on
the superior’s ratings (P þ , P, CF), and the position level to which the employee belongs,
they are classified into categories Priority 1, 2 and 3 categories as represented in the talent
matrix below (Figure 1).
Based on the above talent matrix, the hi-potentials are classified in different talent pools at
different levels. Various other HR interventions are also planned based on the position of an
employee in the above matrix. For example increments, recognition, promotions, career
development and learning are all planned interventions for performers, while
non-performers get a dose of counseling/ warning, are re-deployed or in extreme cases
In order to make the whole process dynamic and responsive, round tables are identified at
each of the levels, which ‘own’ these talent pools. This basically involves the senior-most
executives sitting together periodically to discuss the progress being made by the top of the
talent pool. The following parameters are constantly reviewed with respect to the identified
talent pool members:
identification of next developmental step (options);
identification of other developmental support;
review of progress; and
review of pool membership.
At any given point of time, up to date information is available to the company top leadership
regarding who is ready to take up the mantel of leadership at various levels, and what their
growth profile has been (see Table I).
Talent pipeline
Another lead undertaken by Organization Sense is the Leadership Excellence Project,
wherein potential future leaders are identified and groomed for assuming higher
Figure 1 Potential-performance grid
VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008
responsibilities. The project works under the Organization Sense Leadership Framework
(SLF). The selected potential candidates are trained across various companies and given
challenging assignments, to develop their skills and prepare them better for donning the
mantle of leadership.
At Organization Sense India, as part of the strategy of the parent, promising talent is
identified, and given international exposure by assigning them to countries across the globe.
The result of this is that an International Development Database (IDD) is always available
with the organization from where suitable selection can be made for various assignments
from within the talent pool.
Building employee engagement through employee dialogue
Organization Sense believes that the employee dialogue is the core instrument of their
leadership culture. This involves the facilitation of a dialogue between the employee and his
boss at the start of an assessment period, so that role clarity is there and performance
expectations are crystallized. It realizes the principle of dialogue and commitment, and is the
vehicle for transforming business strategies into people activities. By actively participating in
the dialogue, employees get to set their work targets that are aligned to the business
strategies, develop their competencies required for the current and future positions,
understand how they are being assessed and rewarded for their career growth with the
company. The employee is aware that she/he plays an active role during the employee
dialogue and can influence.
At Organization Sense, the best practice that emerges from its talent management model is
its talent pipeline. The entire process of enhancement of homegrown talent into the future
leaders of tomorrow speaks of its commitment to bench strength and succession planning
through development of a very strong second line. For leadership positions they focus at the
four interventions, namely: functional diversity; business diversity; general management
exposure; and international exposure. Organization Sense does face challenge in retaining
its hi-potential managers once they are exposed internationally and are given overseas
assignment however close tracking, innovative compensations through reverse bonds is
sure to stand it in good stead in facing this talent flight and future raids.
For leadership development the strategy of developing business diversity across 190
countries and 16 operations provides rich insights to the leader talent who is being groomed.
This is supported by functional diversity as well as managing International assignments and
general management positions.
Besides of course the best practices in establishing the talent pipeline development through
the competency framework, identification through a transparent system of talent matrix. The
base of talent management is a robust performance management system which is visible
through this case, as also a systemic and simple HR architecture which is the foundation of
such a successful talent strategy.
This is supported by the employee dialogue practice, which is an essential part of the
employee engagement intervention. Employee engagement recently is appearing as an
important talent management intervention (see Bhatnagar, 2007).
Table I System of round table in Organization Sense at various levels
Talent pool Pool ownership Round table Participants
I Corporate I-Regional Organization Sense management
Corporate management
II Corporate/divisional II-Corporate
Divisional heads & Corporate HR
Divisional line þ First line þ Personnel head
III Divisional III First line of Divisional head þ Personnel head
VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008
The best indicator of a company’s health (BusinessWeek advice column), in the words of
former GE Chairman and CEO Jack Welch is: ‘Employee engagement first’’. How do leaders
maintain that consistent sense of purpose and employee engagement when at the same
time the employee is juggling all of these different types of new relationships, global
relationships, being able to address conference calls early in the morning in Europe and late
at night in Asia and still being able to manage one’s personal time. At the same time, being
able to motivate others in that environment as well (IBM, 2006). This is a challenge which has
been well accepted at this organization. A way to retain these employees is to provide them
a passion to work, an engrossing environment which peaks their performance and gives a
continuous work experience which is difficult for competitors to replicate. The managers are
an important key in this equation (Baumruk et al., 2006; Lockwood, 2006).
Going back to this idea of the concept of world is becoming flatter, the need to have a greater
understanding about who are you working with, where are they located, and to be able to
adjust to their individual circumstances. In some of the research two very important types of
trust are seen. One is around competence based trust: how do you know that someone
actually knows something and what they’re telling you is valid? While the other is relationship
trust, which enumerates that people are able to come together quickly around shared goals
and objectives (IBM, 2006). These are what build in the engagement levels. In fact
researchers Butler and Waldrop (2004), call this interpersonal facilitation, which leaders
manage in the background to keep colleagues committed and engaged so as to not to derail
the projects. There is of course relational creativity, team working and influence which are the
other essentials for leadership, resulting in a talent to task fit rather than the other way round
(Butler and Waldrop, 2004).
In fact the above quoted best practice in talent management has been quoted in Procter and
Gamble and HSBC (Ready and Conger, 2007). These two organizations use similar talent
pipeline interventions with employee engagement interventions to support. This approach
nurtures globally diverse and flexible talent pools which are nurtured with a specific strategy
of growing home grown leaders. Yet all the leadership pipeline development is anchored in
compensation of the senior managers as has been done in Phillips India. This is reported by
Ready and Conger (2007) in Procter and Gamble.
Ayman et al. (1994) distinguish between an international manager and a global manager:
‘International refers to an exchange across nations, whereas global represents a sense of
unity across multiple borders. A global orientation is represented by a more collective
awareness and inclusive perspective than is international but international may be a
precursor to global’’ (p. 64). This is what is encouraged at Organization Sense.
Further the social complexity found in the unique configuration of the firm’s environment will
also be enabled by a robust HR architecture, leveraged by a leader who supports the HR
drivers and provide the Human Capital advantage. This would be the winning proposition for
the Capability building through talent pipeline development and Employee engagement. In
the organization quoted above Talent management was taken up as a business priority and
not alone a HR intervention. The Implications for practitioners in India lies for first building a
robust HR system. Talent Management to be successful has to be built upon a robust
performance management system. Further top Management has to ensure it remains a
political system by institutionalizing transparent round table discussions once talent is
identified. Supporting this with constant employee dialogue would take care of the
engagement levels within the organization.
‘‘ The most powerful talent-management practices are firm
specific and respond to an organization’s unique business
and human capital context. ’’
VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008
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Further reading
Becker, B.E., Huselid, M.A. and Ulrich, D. (2001), The HR Scorecard Linking People, Strategy and
Performance, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA.
Ulrich, D. and Brockbank, W. (2005), The HR Value Preposition, Harvard Business School Press, Boston,
Ulrich, D. and Smallwood, N. (2004), ‘Capitalizing on capabilities’’, Harvard Business Review,
pp. 119-27.
Watson Wyatt Worldwide (2007), ‘‘Study of HR best practices’’, available at: www. watson
Corresponding author
Jyotsna Bhatnagar can be contacted at:
VOL. 40 NO. 1 2008
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... Talented managers are highly reactive talent and retention-based talent (Festing et al., 2013). Organizations can enhance employee engagement level by developing more employee engagement construct (Bhatnagar, 2008). Organizations require maintaining talent-focused leadership, nurturing talent and rewards to tellingly thrive and deploy talent organizations (Cheese, 2008). ...
... Giving response to talent needs bravery and good intent which, in turn, elates them. So, creating management bench strength becomes critical inflection point (Bhatnagar, 2008). Besides these challenges, organizations may experience the following obstacles towards accomplishing results: ...
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Organizations across the globe are perceptibly approaching towards pragmatic talent management to meet organizational missions with high profile as in the current slump human resource is being reckoned as one of the most benignant modules of competition. This truth obliges organizations to approach talent as a wealth that must be addressed adroitly to triumph. Despite the recognition, there are extensive unidentified areas that have-to be explored. The descriptive study has detailed review of the talent management scholarly literatures akin to the varying concepts of talent management to explore the conceptual extremities of talent management. The study also explicates the concept and importance of talent management besides factors influencing its growth, challenges and key stratagems to overcome the threats in organizations. Results demonstrate that talent management has-been a substantially debated issue of 21st century yielding revved-up with success of organizational dream.
... It manifests in various behaviors, such as vigor, dedication and absorption (Schaufeli, 2012). Moreover, it was observed that a highly engaged staff may improve productivity, creativity and bottom-line results, which can lead to cost reduction in the field of hiring and help to retain highly talented employees (Bhatnagar, 2008). Therefore, there is a need to examine if job crafting mediates the path of work engagement and performance of academics. ...
Purpose This paper aims to identify the role of organizational and individual factors in predicting the research performance of academics when job crafting is a mediator variable and organizational culture is a moderating variable. Design/methodology/approach This study was conducted by collecting responses from academics at five Malaysian research-based universities. The sample size was 273. Standard questionnaires were used to collect the data. The data were analyzed using partial least squares structural equation modeling. Findings The most significant predictors of research performance were organizational culture, individual effort and professional development, whereby job crafting was most optimally predicted by work engagement and transformational leadership. While organizational culture moderated the relationship between transformational leadership and research performance, the mediating role of job crafting was insignificant between work engagement and research performance. Research limitations/implications The findings have important implications for human resource development practitioners (HRD) in terms of improving overall academic research performance. Practical interventions are suggested to assist academics in enhancing their performance. This study highlights how academic performance can be managed more effectively. Originality/value The findings extend the HRD literature in higher education and offer a framework that enhances the understanding of the organizational and individual factors that influence academics' research performance within a specific context of research universities in a non-Western context.
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Bilgi çağı olarak adlandırılan 21. yüzyıl bireyler, örgütler ve ülkeler ölçeğinde hızlı değişimleri beraberinde getiren bir dönemdir. Bu dönemde kullanılan güncel bir bilgi kısa bir süre içerisinde eskiyerek güncelliğini kaybetmektedir. Hızlı değişimin kaçınılmaz olduğu bu dönemde örgütler, rekabet avantajı kazanmak için kendilerini gelişen yeni dinamiklere göre güncellemek durumundadırlar. Kendini güncellemeyen, yeni gelişme ve trendlere göre pozisyon almayarak strateji üretmeyen örgütlerin gelecekte ayakta durması oldukça zordur. Son yıllarda oldukça popüler olan ve insan kaynakları yönetimi uygulamalarının bir ileri aşaması olarak değerlendirilebilecek yetenek yönetimi uygulamaları aslında işe alımlarda ve çalışan bağlılığının arttırılmasında örgütlerin değişen şartlara uyum sağlamalarının öncü bir koşulu olarak değerlendirilebilir. Çalışmanın konusu yetenek yönetimi uygulamalarının işe alımlarda ve çalışanın örgütsel bağlılığının arttırılmasında stratejik bir yaklaşım olarak kullanılması olacaktır. Bu anlamda çalışmanın amacı örgütlerde yönetim konsepti çerçevesinde yetenek yönetiminin tanımından hareketle yetenek yönetiminin kapsamı, yetenek yönetimine zemin hazırlayan gelişmeler, çalışanlar ve örgütsel düzeyde ifade ettikleri üzerinde durulacak ve bu kapsamda öneriler geliştirilecektir.
The advent of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation has made it indispensable for the organizations to focus on using their human resources in a way that would be in the best interest of the individual as well as the organization. One such issue that is seriously being looked into by the organizations to steer through the cut-throat competition is the levels of engagement of the employees and the way elevated engagement levels contribute towards the increased organization commitment. The same holds true for educational institutions as well. The educational institutions in any country have a societal responsibility along with the responsibility of creating young intellectual minds capable of contributing towards economic growth and development. This research paper aims at investigating into the relationship of engagement of employee with commitment as is measured from three dimensions namely-commitment towards the organization, commitment towards teaching and commitment towards the workgroup they are associated with. The current research focuses on the teachers of 10 engineering colleges in Hyderabad, Telangana State. Employee engagement was taken to be the independent variable and employee commitment is taken to be the dependent variable. The researcher made use of descriptive research design and a structured questionnaire was administered to 250 teachers of the above said engineering colleges. Chi-square tests were used to examine the association between the variables in question and T-test and F-test and MANOVA were resorted to for examining the extent of relationship between engagement and various dimensions of commitment. The research findings indicate notable association between gender, marital status and present experience on employee engagement. However, it is found that there is no association between the level of functioning and engagement and commitment of teachers. The output of MANOVA indicate a positive connection between engagement and commitment of teachers in the educational institutions.
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This study investigated the relationship of talent management, employee performance, employee engagement and job satisfaction in Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) sector of Sindh, Pakistan. However, employee engagement also showed mediating effect with talent management and job satisfaction. Primary data obtained through close-ended questionnaire containing seven related choices showing level of agreement or disagreement. Data obtained through convenience sampling which is an item of non-probability sampling. Data obtained from officers and employees of NGOs sector of Sindh, Pakistan. Data analysed and interpreted by Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) and Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM). All relationships tested positive and significant including direct and indirect. Since, mediating effect of employee engagement tested positive and significant with talent management and job satisfaction. Despite, it is further suggested that the existing model along with other novel variables can be used in other sectors of the country to further explore and understand the relationships of such variables.
The evolution of the concept of complementarity has generated multiple meanings at each of its many iterations. It has a foundation in quantum physics, based primarily on the debates initiated by the work of Nils Bohr, extended to wider fields of knowledge and experience, intertwined with a range of philosophical questions. And it has a foundation in economics based on the evolution of demand theory debated over time by economists such as Edgeworth, Pareto, Fisher, Hicks and Allen. From these many iterations it is possible to put forward a point of view whereby complementarity may be seen as the interaction of business strategies and management practices to produce coherent, aligned and mutually reinforcing systems and processes that give superior outcomes (such as shareholder value, profit, customer satisfaction, market share or cost reduction) over those that would occur if such strategies or practices had taken place independently of one another. It is where the complementary agency of those strategies produces superior results, where the relations of independent units or their evolution creates higher value than their individual operation. This final chapter will pull together the key points of complementarity in its business context through 20 key learning points, highlighting the benefits of taking a holistic perspective when considering the principles and definitions, areas of strategy, leadership, management, talent and engagement and the dynamics of organisations.
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As private sector performance is vital to the economical development of Sri Lanka, it needs a smooth operation to achieve the best. Thus, it is important to retain stable and talented employees to carry out these operations. Nevertheless, employee turnover is a decisive phenomenon in private sector organizations which compares to the public sector organizations. To restrain this issue, HR professionals have employed various HR strategies to retain talented people since; they are the investment of the organization towards its success. This article seeks to determine how HR strategies impact talent retention on the performance of the private sector organizations in Sri Lanka. The main three strategies were hypothesized: talent rewarding strategies (TReS); talent engagement strategies (TEnS) and talent empowerment Strategies (TEmS). The primary objective of this paper is to identify the impact of talent retention strategies on private sector performance in Sri Lanka. The questionnaire survey was conducted for 218 HR professionals in private sector companies in order to analyze data, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was employed to test for its normality, the Pearson correlation test was used for measuring the relationship between variables and also regression analysis was applied for determining the effect of variables. The results indicate that talent retention strategies are significant predictors of performance in private sector companies.
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Global talent management (GTM) is a mechanism for identifying, developing and retaining talents to meet the expected level of performance in the company by facing global challenges effectively. This article moves forward with a theory of GTM through the practical implication of private sector organizations in Sri Lanka. The main three global talent management strategies (GTMS) were hypothesized: global talent identification strategies (GTIS); global talent developing strategies (GTDS) and global talent retention strategies (GTRS). The primary objective of this paper is to identify the impact of global talent management strategies and opportunities on private sector performance in Sri Lanka. The questionnaire survey was conducted for 180 HR professionals in private sector companies which operate both in locally and/or internationally. In order to analyze data, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was employed to test for its normality, and Pearson correlation test was used for measuring the relationship between variables and also regression analysis was applied for determining the effect of variables. The results indicate that global talent management strategies are significant predictors of OP in private sector companies. Internal alignment between global talent management strategies, Business Strategy & Organizational Size is suggested for future research as crucial to improving OP.
Organizations in economically liberalized India face substantial challenges regarding the engagement and turnover of talent. By exploring the outcomes of the firm-level management practice of talent identification, we uncover the effects of identifying valuable employees as high potential. Adopting an organizational justice lens, we consider the social exchange consequences of talent identification for those identified either as high potential or non-high potential, examining how perceived organizational justice moderates the relationship with employee engagement/turnover intention. Based on data from 331 employees in two large organizations in India, perceptions of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice in this highly competitive labor market are found to moderate the relationship between talent identification and work engagement, while distributive justice moderates the relationship with employee turnover intention. The study identifies novel conditions under which talent identification might avoid the negative outcomes associated with an exclusive approach to talent management, commonly adopted in Indian organizations.
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Purpose To investigate different aspects of the development policies of high potentials and their relationships with organizational characteristics in a set of Belgian companies. Design/methodology/approach A set of research questions has been used to conceive a structured questionnaire to empirically investigate the different aspects of high‐potential development policies using a survey among 86 Belgian companies. Findings The results indicate that very often the development policies are of an ad hoc nature, but that individuals may get some say in the process. Job rotation and mentoring/coaching are quite popular activities and formal external training has the most diversified application. As expected, high‐potential development takes up more time and offers a wider scope of activities than is the case for other managerial development initiatives. Especially, organization size may bring some variation in these patterns. Research limitations/implications The target group in this research is limited to the HR managers from the profit sector in Belgium. This is a “restricted diverse organization survey” and makes use of a non‐representative sample. Practical implications The link has been made with the “new psychological contract”. Implications for changing career planning are presented (from traditionalistic to a more “self‐directed” tendency). Also, the larger scope of development activities in an international environment and the role of management development as a “glue technology” has been elaborated on. Originality/value Most of the studies on high potentials are normative and prescriptive; very few articles have presented empirical findings on high potentials and placed them in an organizational context. Also, the specific role of development techniques in a planned international high‐potential environment has been highlighted.
Content delivery companies need to have a better understanding of cultural, legal, and linguistic differences existing in different countries, to compete in the global market. The companies also need to develop new technology and better content infrastructure, to support their global presence. They also need to develop new brands and provide information to their potential customers about emerging opportunities. These companies also need to provide information about their products and services through websites in native languages of the countries that they are planning to enter. The companies also need to prepare proper format for currency conversion, postal codes, and other country-specific address and phone number application.
This study attempts to explore the use of Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM), as a context for talent management practices in high performing work organizations. Following a multiple case embedded research design, we have investigated how the Talent Management System has been successfully implemented at five high performing well known organizations in the National Capital Region of India. Literature review highlights some testable propositions which the literal replication from the case studies support. Mapping of the Talent Management System is attempted in the case studies. Core issues emerging in the caselets and the linkage with high performance work practices are discussed therein. Implications drawing on the nomonological domain of talent management in HR practice and research are further addressed, in the current study.
A number of indicators suggest that the social norms that once deterred labor market competitors from hiring or “poaching” each others' employees are breaking down. This study explores the competitive interaction that results when one firm attempts to hire employees from a competing firm (known as “talent raiding”). Results suggest that attributes of the raiding firm, the targeted firm, and targeted human capital will affect how a targeted firm responds to a talent raid. The study suggests a number of tactics raiding firms can use to avoid retaliation and suggests tactics targeted firms can use to repel would-be talent raiders. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.