This chapter reviews the organizational creativity literature. The literature review demonstrates that social context (leadership and supervision, coworker influences, social networks, and cultural influences) and task context (job complexity, feedback and evaluation, goals, creativity expectations, and job requirements, feedback and evaluation, autonomy and discretion, time and stress, and ... [Show full abstract] rewards) substantially influence employees' creativity. Further, extant theories suggest that contextual factors affect creativity by influencing individuals' motivation, creative cognition, or affect. Implications for future research, especially research that is related to positive organizational scholarship (POS), are discussed. Among future research directions, the need to investigate how adversity triggers creativity is underscored.