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Impacts Of Economic Adulteration On The U.S. Honey Industry

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Abstract

Research for this paper was funded by the National Honey Board to provide a basis for industry dialogue on the need for a quality assurance program. The paper provides a background perspective on economic adulteration, industry perspectives on the extent of economic adulteration in the U.S. honey industry, estimates of potential economic impacts, and a discussion of trends and issues relevant to economic adulteration.
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... This will help combat the harmful effects of fake honey on both the ecosystem and local economies described elsewhere (F. Fairchild et al., 2000;Cairns et al., 2005). Furthermore, the system will have made up the cost of a microscope purchase within 3-4 jars of genuine manuka honey. ...
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We present the first unsupervised deep learning method for pollen analysis using bright-field microscopy. Using a modest dataset of 650 images of pollen grains collected from honey, we achieve family level identification of pollen. We embed images of pollen grains into a low-dimensional latent space and compare Euclidean and Riemannian metrics on these spaces for clustering. We propose this system for automated analysis of pollen and other microscopic biological structures which have only small or unlabelled datasets available.
... In an effort to determine industry opinions on economic adulteration, a mail survey of fourteen U.S. honey packers was conducted at the request of the National Honey Board in 1999 (Fairchild 1999). The response rate was 86%. ...
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The paper highlights the issue of economic adulteration of high-value food products and provides a context for discussion and analysis based on experiences with the U.S. honey industry. Perspectives on economic adulteration are identified, trends relevant to the issue of economic adulteration are discussed, and industry opinions on economic adulteration of honey are summarized. The paper is based on research funded by the National Honey Board to provide a platform for industry dialogue on the need for a quality-assurance program.
The Long fight for Pure Foods
  • Charles W Crawford
Crawford, Charles W. "The Long fight for Pure Foods," in Marketing; the Yearbook of Agriculture, 1954, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1954, pp. 211-220.
Unpublished Expert Witness Testimony presented at the request of the United States Food and Drug Administration, Plaintiff, in an economic adulteration of orange juice case (No. 1:93-CR-19) in the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan, Southern Division
  • Gary F Fairchild
Fairchild, Gary F. Unpublished Expert Witness Testimony presented at the request of the United States Food and Drug Administration, Plaintiff, in an economic adulteration of orange juice case (No. 1:93-CR-19) in the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan, Southern Division, July, 1993, 12 pp.
Empirical Study of the Demand for Honey
  • Oral Capps
Capps, Oral, Jr. "Empirical Study of the Demand for Honey," in Estimated Impacts of Economic Adulteration on the U.S. Honey Industry, unpublished research report authored by Gary F.
Estimated Impacts of Economic Adulteration on the U.S. Honey Industry," unpublished research report prepared for the National Honey Board
  • Gary F Fairchild
Fairchild, Gary F. "Estimated Impacts of Economic Adulteration on the U.S. Honey Industry," unpublished research report prepared for the National Honey Board, August, 1999, 54 pp.