Apolipoprotein M promoter polymorphisms alter promoter activity and confer the susceptibility to the development of type 1 diabetes

ArticleinClinical biochemistry 42(1-2):17-21 · November 2008with7 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.28 · DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2008.10.008 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Apolipoprotein M plays an important role in the formation of prebeta-HDL and cholesterol efflux to HDL. In the present study, we investigate the potential association between the ApoM promoter polymorphisms and type 1 diabetes.
    The study was conducted in Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Two populations, including 493 Han Chinese subjects (177 T1D patients/316 controls) and 225 Swedish (124/101), are enrolled in the present study. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) C-1065A, T-855C and T-778C in the promoter region of the ApoM gene are genotyped using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) protocol. Promoter activity was measured by reporter gene assay.
    SNP T-778C was strongly associated with T1D in both Han Chinese (p=0.002, OR=2.188, CI 95%=1.338-3.581) and Swedish (p=0.021, OR=2.865, CI 95%=1.128-7.278) populations. The luciferase activity of -778C promoter was 1.41 times as high as that of -778T promoter (9.90+/-1.92 vs. 7.04+/-0.76, p=0.001).
    Allele C of SNP T-778C may increase promoter activity and confer the risk susceptibility to the development of T1D.