Quantized Spin Waves in Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chains
Institut für Angewandte Physik und Zentrum für Mikrostrukturforschung, Universität Hamburg, Jungiusstrasse 11, Hamburg, Germany.Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.51). 11/2008; 101(17):177202. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.177202
The quantized stationary spin wave modes in one-dimensional antiferromagnetic spin chains with easy axis on-site anisotropy have been studied by means of Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert spin dynamics. We demonstrate that the confined antiferromagnetic chains show a unique behavior having no equivalent, neither in ferromagnetism nor in acoustics. The discrete energy dispersion is split into two interpenetrating n and n' levels caused by the existence of two sublattices. The oscillations of individual sublattices as well as the standing wave pattern strongly depend on the boundary conditions. Particularly, acoustical and optical antiferromagnetic spin waves in chains with boundaries fixed (pinned) on different sublattices can be found, while an asymmetry of oscillations appears if the two pinned ends belong to the same sublattice.
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ABSTRACT: Quantized spin-wave modes in ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spin systems with transverse domain wall have been studied theoretically. We demonstrate that the analytical solutions for spin waves in systems with domain walls as well as for spin-wave patterns bound in the wall are in good agreement with numerical solutions found by means of Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert dynamics. We discuss the difference between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic standing spin waves and explore standing spin waves in antiferromagnetic spin ring structures.
Article: Intermediate-statistics spin waves[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this paper, we show that spin waves, the elementary excitation of the Heisenberg magnetic system, obey a kind of intermediate statistics with a finite maximum occupation number n. We construct an operator realization for the intermediate statistics obeyed by magnons, the quantized spin waves, and then construct a corresponding intermediate-statistics realization for the angular momentum algebra in terms of the creation and annihilation operators of the magnons. In other words, instead of the Holstein-Primakoff representation, a bosonic representation subject to a constraint on the occupation number, we present an intermediate-statistics representation with no constraints. In this realization, the maximum occupation number is naturally embodied in the commutation relation of creation and annihilation operators, while the Holstein-Primakoff representation is a bosonic operator relation with an additional putting-in-by-hand restriction on the occupation number. We deduce the intermediate-statistics distribution function for magnons. On the basis of these results, we calculate the dispersion relations for ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spin waves. The relations between the intermediate statistics that magnons obey and the other two important kinds of intermediate statistics, Haldane-Wu statistics and the fractional statistics of anyons, are discussed. We also compare the spectrum of the intermediate-statistics spin wave with the exact solution of the one-dimensional s = 1/2 Heisenberg model, which is obtained by the Bethe ansatz method. For ferromagnets, we take the contributions from the interaction between magnons (the quartic contribution), the next-to-nearest neighbor interaction, and the dipolar interaction into account for comparison with the experiment. Comment: 22 pages, 2 figures
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ABSTRACT: We report on inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements on the molecular spin ring CsFe$_8$, in which eight spin-5/2 Fe(III) ions are coupled by nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic Heisenberg interaction. We have recorded INS data on a non-deuterated powder sample up to high energies at the time-of-flight spectrometers FOCUS at PSI and MARI at ISIS, which clearly show the excitation of spin waves in the ring. Due to the small number of spin sites, the spin-wave dispersion relation is not continuous but quantized. Furthermore, the system exhibits a gap between the ground state and the first excited state. We have modeled our data using exact diagonalization of a Heisenberg-exchange Hamiltonian together with a small single-ion anisotropy term. Due to the molecule's symmetry, only two parameters $J$ and $D$ are needed to obtain excellent agreement with the data. The results can be well described within the framework of the rotational-band model as well as antiferromagnetic spin-wave theories. Comment: 10 pages, 9 figures, REVTEX 4
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