Multiple Glycines in TCR -Chains Determine Clonally Diverse Nature of Human T Cell Memory to Influenza A Virus

Department of Pathology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 4.92). 12/2008; 181(10):7407-19. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.181.10.7407
Source: PubMed


Detailed assessment of how the structural properties of T cell receptors affect clonal repertoires of Ag-specific cells is a prerequisite for a better understanding of human antiviral immunity. Herein we examine the alpha TCR repertoires of CD8 T cells reactive against the influenza A viral epitope M1(58-66), restricted by HLA-A2.1. Using molecular cloning, we systematically studied the impact of alpha-chain usage in the formation of T cell memory and revealed that M1(58-66)-specific, clonally diverse VB19 T cells express alpha-chains encoded by multiple AV genes with different CDR3 sizes. A unique feature of these alpha TCRs was the presence of CDR3 fitting to an AGA(G(n))GG-like amino acid motif. This pattern was consistent over time and among different individuals. Further molecular assessment of human CD4(+)CD8(-) and CD4(-)CD8(+) thymocytes led to the conclusion that the poly-Gly/Ala runs in CDR3alpha were a property of immune, but not naive, repertoires and could be attributed to influenza exposure. Repertoires of T cell memory are discussed in the context of clonal diversity, where poly-Gly/Ala runs in the CDR3 of alpha- and beta-chains might provide high levels of TCR flexibility during Ag recognition while gene-encoded CDR1 and CDR2 contribute to the fine specificity of the TCR-peptide MHC interaction.

Download full-text


Available from: Elena N Naumova
  • Source
    • "That the initial antiviral response in humans is maintained for many years in latent virus infected individuals was reported by Klarenbeek et al. [33]. In addition, Naumov et al. examined the TCR repertoire of CD8 T cells reactive against the influenza A viral epitope M1 (58–66) [34]. These studies were carried out usually using the high throughput sequencing (HTS), flow cytometry or molecular cloning techniques. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: T cells are closely linked to the clinical manifestations of subjects with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection. T cell receptor beta variable (TCRBV) is a signal and indicative molecule on the membrane of T lymphocytes, reflecting the composition and specificity of T cells. The molecular profiles of TCRBV in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and their subpopulations (CD4+ and CD8+ T cells) from subjects with active tuberculosis (TB) or latent TB infection (LTBI) have not been well described. In 42 subjects with active TB or LTBI, PMBCs and their subsets were separated and sorted. The molecular profiles of the TCRBV complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) in the three cell populations were investigated using our recently developed gene melting spectral pattern (GMSP) assay. The TCRBV members were then cloned and sequenced when their GMSP image profiles showed a single-peak. The average number of skewed TCRBV molecules in the CD4+ cell subset was significantly higher than that in PBMCs and CD8+ T cells. TCRBV12, BV13.1, BV13.2, and BV24 were expressed more prevalently than other TCRBV gene families in the three cell populations. In addition, relatively conserved amino acid motifs were identified in TCRBV5.1 and BV20 CDR3 in PBMCs and its subsets. The monoclonal TCRBV14 and BV23 expressed were different between active TB and LTBI subjects. These results indicate that the T cell immune response is complex and multi-specific in active TB and LTBI subjects. Analysis of TCRBV expression in CD4+ T cells suggest that it could be useful in assessing the composition and status of circulating T cells. Furthermore, the expression of TCRBV14, BV23 and the sequencing of CDR3 amino acid motifs of TCRBV5.1, BV20 could be used in the differential diagnosis and treatment of subjects with active TB or LTBI.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · BMC Infectious Diseases
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immune memory responses to previously encountered pathogens can sometimes alter the immune response to and the course of infection of an unrelated pathogen by a process known as heterologous immunity. This response can lead to enhanced or diminished protective immunity and altered immunopathology. Here, we discuss the nature of T-cell cross-reactivity and describe matrices of epitopes from different viruses eliciting cross-reactive CD8(+) T-cell responses. We examine the parameters of heterologous immunity mediated by these cross-reactive T cells during viral infections in mice and humans. We show that heterologous immunity can disrupt T-cell memory pools, alter the complexity of the T-cell repertoire, change patterns of T-cell immunodominance, lead to the selection of viral epitope-escape variants, alter the pathogenesis of viral infections, and, by virtue of the private specificity of T-cell repertoires within individuals, contribute to dramatic variations in viral disease. We propose that heterologous immunity is an important factor in resistance to and variations of human viral infections and that issues of heterologous immunity should be considered in the design of vaccines.
    Full-text · Article · May 2010 · Immunological Reviews
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Memory T cells cross-reactive with epitopes encoded by related or even unrelated viruses may alter the immune response and pathogenesis of infection by a process known as heterologous immunity. Because a challenge virus epitope may react with only a subset of the T cell repertoire in a cross-reactive epitope-specific memory pool, the vigorous cross-reactive response may be narrowly focused, or oligoclonal. We show in this article, by examining human T cell cross-reactivity between the HLA-A2-restricted influenza A virus-encoded M1(58-66) epitope (GILGFVFTL) and the dissimilar Epstein-Barr virus-encoded BMLF1(280-288) epitope (GLCTLVAML), that, under some conditions, heterologous immunity can lead to a significant broadening, rather than a narrowing, of the TCR repertoire. We suggest that dissimilar cross-reactive epitopes might generate a broad, rather than a narrow, T cell repertoire if there is a lack of dominant high-affinity clones; this hypothesis is supported by computer simulation.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2010 · The Journal of Immunology
Show more