PIAS3 negatively regulates RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis directly in osteoclast precursors and indirectly via osteoblasts

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.
Blood (Impact Factor: 10.45). 11/2008; 113(10):2202-12. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2008-06-162594
Source: PubMed


Cytokine signaling via various transcription factors regulates receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand (RANKL)-mediated osteoclast differentiation from monocyte/macrophage lineage cells involved in propagation and resolution of inflammatory bone destruction. Protein inhibitor of activated STAT3 (PIAS3) was initially identified as a molecule that inhibits DNA binding of STAT3 and regulates many transcription factors through distinct mechanisms. To analyze PIAS3 function in osteoclasts in vivo, we have generated transgenic mice in which PIAS3 is specifically expressed in the osteoclast lineage using the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) gene promoter. PIAS3 transgenic mice showed an osteopetrotic phenotype due to impairment of osteoclast differentiation. Overexpression of PIAS3 in RAW264.7 cells suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting the expression of c-Fos and NFATc1. Interestingly, PIAS3 inhibits the transcriptional activity of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) independent of sumoylation. Down-regulation of PIAS3 markedly enhances RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis in RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, overexpression of PIAS3 in mouse primary osteoblast (POB), down-regulates RANKL expression induced by interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine family, and inhibits osteoclast formation from bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) in vitro coculture system. Down-regulation of PIAS3 leads to the accelerated expression of RANKL in POB stimulated with IL-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R). Taken together, our results clearly indicate that PIAS3 negatively regulates RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis directly in osteoclast precursors and indirectly via osteoblasts.

Download full-text


Available from: Sakamuri V Reddy, Mar 11, 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High frequency PWM inverters increase the circulation of motor bearing currents due to a high frequency flux induced by common mode currents, which link the stator, rotor and bearing loop. These circulating currents damage the motor bearings, increasing the overall maintenance costs. This paper analyzes the influence of motor design parameters in motor bearing currents amplitude and proposes different alternatives to eliminate them. Among the alternatives proposed in this paper, different types of shunt passive filters, and link reactors are analyzed, and also the influence of the resistance of the rotor bars are studied. Experimental results obtained in a laboratory prototype prove the viability of the theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the proposed compensating alternatives
    No preview · Conference Paper · Feb 2000
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IL-27 was first discovered as a factor supporting initial Th1 immune responses. Subsequent studies revealed that this cytokine has pleiotropic effects, including inhibition of certain immune cells, a regulatory role in hemopoietic stem cell differentiation, and antitumor activities. However, the role of human IL (hIL)-27 in human osteoclast precursors and inflammatory bone disease is unclear. Here, we examined the direct effect of hIL-27 on human osteoclastogenesis. Human bone marrow cells cultured in MethoCult medium containing human (h) GM-CSF, human stem cell factor, and hIL-3 expressed Mac-1, c-kit, and c-Fms. These cells, called hCFU-GMs, also expressed the IL-27 receptor, an IL-27Ralpha (WSX-1)/gp130 heterodimer. Cultivation in hM-CSF and human receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand induced the differentiation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells (osteoclasts) from hCFU-GMs, and hIL-27 inhibited this osteoclastogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. hIL-27 also repressed bone resorption by osteoclasts on a dentine slice. hIL-27 caused a remarkable increase in STAT1 phosphorylation and enhanced the STAT1 protein level. It also inhibited the expression of receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand-induced c-Fos and cytoplasmic, calcineurin-dependent 1 NFAT (NFATc1), which are indispensable transcription factors for osteoclastogenesis. Fludarabine, a STAT1 inhibitor, and STAT1 small interfering RNA partially rescued the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis by IL-27. A WSX-1 deficiency caused severe inflammatory bone destruction primed by Escherichia coli cell wall lysate in vivo. Therefore, hIL-27 may act as an anti-inflammatory cytokine in human bone destruction, by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis from hCFU-GMs via STAT1-dependent down-regulation of the transcription factor c-Fos. Our results suggest that hIL-27 may prove useful as a therapeutic target for inflammatory bone destruction.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · The Journal of Immunology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neutrophil mobilization, the release of neutrophils from the bone marrow reserve into circulating blood, is important to increase peripheral neutrophil amounts during bacterial infections. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and chemokines, such as macrophage-inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2; CXCL2), can induce neutrophil mobilization, but the mechanism(s) they use remain unclear. Signal transducers and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is the principal intracellular signaling molecule activated upon G-CSF ligation of its receptor. Using a murine model with conditional STAT3 deletion in bone marrow, we demonstrated previously that STAT3 regulates acute G-CSF-responsive neutrophil mobilization and MIP-2-dependent neutrophil chemotaxis. In this study, we show STAT3 is also necessary for MIP-2-elicited neutrophil mobilization. STAT3 appears to function by controlling extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation, which is important for MIP-2-mediated chemotaxis. In addition, we demonstrate that G-CSF stimulates the expression of the MIP-2 receptor via STAT3-dependent transcriptional activation of Il8rb. G-CSF treatment also induces STAT3-dependent changes in bone marrow chemokine expression levels which may further affect neutrophil retention and release. Taken together, our study demonstrates that STAT3 regulates multiple aspects of chemokine and chemokine receptor expression and function within the bone marrow, indicating a central role in the neutrophil mobilization response.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Blood
Show more