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Restorative environment research is flourishing. Widespread appreciation of the concept has been spurred by two influential theories and has led to a substantive body of research. This chapter gives an overview of what has happened in this area. It begins with a description of the two theories, attention restoration theory and the psycho-evolutionary theory of stress reduction, their content, similarities, and differences, and then reports on the research done in a number of environmental domains: nature, both wild and managed, the home, the workplace, museums and religious environments, hospitals, other health care settings, and favorite places. The following paragraphs then discuss central concepts in restorative environment research: perceived restorativeness and its determinants, new approaches to visual analysis of environmental scenes, and the social context of restoration. The chapter closes with a look into the future, to new methods, expansion of theoretical approaches, and applications. Keywords: restoration, attention fatigue, stress, nature, self-regulation, social context, health
This article examines the putative effects on urban Alaska Native women of the proposed rural-residence option to the long simmering legal and political debate over Alaska Native subsistence rights, interweaving high points of the debate with vignettes from the life of Flora Mark (a pseudonym), a Yup'ik Eskimo artisan living in Anchorage. Beginning with the Alaska Native Land Claims Settlement Act of 1971 and continuing up to the present, the stalemate has pitted state against federal law, Natives against non-Natives, and commercial against family-based interests. One major-and often overlooked-stumbling block is the contradictory definitions of subsistence held by Natives, for whom subsistence is a collective right based on sharing, and non-Natives, who consider subsistence to be the satisfaction of minimal dietary needs.
What Science Offers the Humanities examines some of the deep problems facing current approaches to the study of culture. It focuses on the excesses of postmodernism, but also acknowledges serious problems with postmodernism's harshest critics. In short, Edward Slingerland argues that in order for the humanities to progress, its scholars need to take seriously contributions from the natural sciences - and particular research on human cognition - which demonstrate that any separation of the mind and the body is entirely untenable. The author provides suggestions for how humanists might begin to utilize these scientific discoveries without conceding that science has the last word on morality, religion, art, and literature. Calling into question such deeply entrenched dogmas as the ‘blank slate’ theory of nature, strong social constructivism, and the ideal of disembodied reason, What Science Offers the Humanities replaces the human-sciences divide with a more integrated approach to the study of culture.