Association of Hand or Knee Osteoarthritis With Diabetes Mellitus in a Population of Hispanics From Puerto Rico
Although a higher prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) has been reported among diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, inconsistencies and limitations of observational studies have precluded a conclusive association.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of hand or knee OA with DM in a population of Hispanics from Puerto Rico.
A cross-sectional study was performed in 202 subjects (100 adult DM patients as per the National Diabetes Data Group Classification and 102 nondiabetic subjects). Osteoarthritis of hand and knee was ascertained using the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria. Sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, comorbidities, pharmacotherapy, and DM clinical manifestations were determined. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of DM with hand or knee OA and to evaluate factors associated with hand or knee OA among DM patients.
The mean (SD) age for DM patients was 51.6 (13.1) years; 64.0% were females. The mean (SD) DM duration was 11.0 (10.4) years. The prevalence of OA in patients with DM and nondiabetic subjects was 49.0% and 26.5%, respectively (P < 0.01). In the multivariable analysis, patients with DM had 2.18 the odds of having OA when compared with nondiabetic subjects (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-4.24). In a subanalysis among DM patients, female patients were more likely to have hand or knee OA (odds ratio [95% CI], 5.06 [1.66-15.66]), whereas patients who did not use insulin alone for DM therapy were more likely to have OA (odds ratio [95% CI], 4.44 [1.22-16.12]).
In this population of Hispanics from Puerto Rico, DM patients were more likely to have OA of hands or knees than were nondiabetic subjects. This association was retained in multivariable models accounting for established risk factors for OA. Among DM patients, females were at greater risk for OA, whereas the use of insulin was negatively associated.
Available from: Jasvinder A Singh
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ABSTRACT: To assess the association of diabetes with postoperative limitation of activities of daily living (ADLs) after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
We used the prospectively collected data from the Mayo Clinic Total Joint Registry to assess the association of diabetes and diabetes with complications with moderate-severe ADL limitation 2- and 5-years after primary TKA. Multivariable logistic regression with general estimating equations adjusted for preoperative ADL limitation, comorbidity and demographic and clinical covariates. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) are presented. 7,139 primary TKAs at 2-years and 4,234 at 5-years constituted the cohorts. In multivariable-adjusted analyses, diabetes was associated with higher odds of moderate-severe limitation at 2- and 5-years, 1.71 (95% CI: 1.26, 2.32; P = 0.001) and 1.66 (95% CI: 1.13, 2.46; P = 0.01). Respective ORs for patients with diabetes with complications were 2.73 (95% CI: 1.47, 5.07; P = 0.001) and 2.73 (95% CI: 1.21, 6.15; P = 0.016). Sensitivity analyses that adjusted for anxiety and depression or anxiety, depression and ipsilateral hip involvement showed minimal attenuation of magnitude of the association.
In this large study of patients who underwent primary TKA, diabetes as well as its severity were independently associated with poorer functional outcome. Given the increasing rates of both diabetes as well as arthroplasty, more insight is needed into disease-related and treatment-related factors that underlie this higher risk of ADL limitation in patients with diabetes. Poor functional outcomes may be preventable by modifying the control of diabetes and associated comorbidity in pre- and post-arthroplasty periods.
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ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often coexist in older adults. Those with T2DM are more susceptible to developing arthritis, which has been traditionally attributed to common risk factors, namely, age and obesity. Alterations in lipid metabolism and hyperglycemia might directly impact cartilage health and subchondral bone, contributing to the development/progression of OA. Adequate management of older persons with both conditions benefits from a comprehensive understanding of the associated risk factors. We discuss common risk factors and emerging links between OA and T2DM, emphasizing the importance of physical activity and the implications of safe and effective physical activity.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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To study the relative contribution of surrogates for mechanical stress and systemic processes with osteoarthritis (OA) in weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing joints.
The Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity study is a population-based cohort including 6673 participants (range 45-65 years, 56% women, median body mass index 26 kg/m(2)). Weight (kg) and fat mass (kg) were measured, fat-free mass (kg) was calculated. The metabolic syndrome was defined following the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Knee and hand OA were defined according to the American College of Rheumatology clinical criteria.Logistic regression analyses were performed to associate surrogates for mechanical stress (such as weight, fat-free mass) and systemic processes (such as metabolic syndrome) with OA in knees alone, knees and hands or hands alone, adjusted for age, sex, height, smoking, education and ethnicity, and when appropriate for metabolic factors and weight.
Knee, knee and hand, and hand OA were present in 10%, 4% and 8% of the participants, respectively. Knee OA was associated with weight and fat-free mass, adjusted for metabolic factors (OR 1.49 (95% CI 1.32 to 1.68) and 2.05 (1.60 to 2.62), respectively). Similar results were found for OA in knees and hands (OR 1.51 (95% CI 1.29 to 1.78) and 2.17 (95% CI 1.52 to 3.10) respectively). Hand OA was associated with the metabolic syndrome, adjusted for weight (OR 1.46 (95% CI 1.06 to 2.02)).
In knee OA, whether or not in co-occurrence with hand OA, surrogates for mechanical stress are suggested to be the most important risk factors, whereas in hand OA alone, surrogates for systemic processes are the most important risk factors.
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