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This study tested a model of interpersonal communication motives and the construct validity of the Interpersonal Communication Motives Instrument (ICM). Specifically, we hypothesized that ICM would be differentially related to who we talk to, how we talk, and what we talk about. In Study 1, questionnaires were completed by 319 adults who rated their interpersonal communication motives to a target person at one of six relationship levels: stranger, formal friend, co‐worker, close friend, family member, and spouse/lover. Study 2 involved 586 adults who completed questionnaires assessing ICM, likelihood of self‐disclosure, and communicator style. Results indicated that more intimate relationship levels were better seen as fulfilling affection and inclusion motives. Escape and control were related to both the directive and active dimensions of communicator style. Breadth of disclosure was related to pleasure, affection, inclusion, and escape motives; depth of disclosure was related to inclusion, escape, and control. The discussion focuses on the validity and reliability of the ICM measure and model and summarizes knowledge about why people talk with others.
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... Previous research suggests that motives are important predictors of parenting behaviors (Dix, 1991). Examples of general communication motives include communicating to provide information, exert control, maintain a close relationship, or to experience pleasure (Graham, Barbato, & Perse, 1993;Rubin, Perse, & Barbato, 1988). A parent's motivation for communicating is related to perceptions of relationship satisfaction and quality of communication (Frisby & Martin, 2010;Punyanunt-Carter, 2005). ...
... These specific motivations are not addressed by general models of interpersonal communication. Further, it is unknown whether relational goals, that are common in the general interpersonal communication literature (Graham et al., 1993), are applicable to conversations about alcohol use. ...
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Past research has explored the content and frequency of alcohol-specific communication between parents and their emerging adult children. The current study aimed to address a gap in the research by examining parents' motivation for discussing alcohol. To accomplish this, we developed a multidimensional Parent Motives for Alcohol Communication Scale (PMACS). A total of 633 parents completed the PMACS along with measures assessing communication frequency, communication content, attitudes toward drinking, relationship quality, and perceptions of child alcohol use. An Exploratory Factor Analysis yielded five core communication motives. Parents were commonly motivated by desires to prevent their child’s alcohol use, to respond to their child’s heavy drinking, to teach their child how to drink safely, to meet relationship needs or expectations, and by a family history of alcohol problems. After controlling for demographic factors, communication motives predicted frequency of alcohol-specific communication. The patterns of relationship among motives and conceptually related constructs provided preliminary support for the construct validity of the PMACS.
... A study conducted by Graham et al., (1993) showed that the level of closeness of interpersonal relationships will increase when there are affection and inclusion motives. Good interaction and motivation are needed by students and supervisors to get benefit online platform used in the thesis supervision process (Aghaee 2015). ...
... Other past research on IC has also been equivocal, with some contending that higher levels of perceived communication formalization are preferred by employees Duhan, 2000, 2001;Papasolomou et al., 2017), whereas others have suggested higher formalization can diminish positive emotional, cognitive and behavioral responses from employees (Graham et al., 1993;Mohr and Nevin, 1990). The findings of this study shed light on this theoretical inconsistency in regard to the impact of communication formalization, by identifying that higher levels of perceived communication formalization can weaken the relationship between IC and customer-oriented behavior, but only when it stems from FLE job satisfaction (i.e. through their cognitive internal state). ...
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... This communication is most effective at changing someone's attitude, opinion, or behavior. Interpersonal communication is seen as a basic method that affects basic changes in behavior (Fisher et al., 1995;Graham et al., 1993;Salimi et al., 2013) . ...
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... Diese Images bestimmen mit, für wie wichtig und wirkungsvoll diese Kommunikationskanäle hinsichtlich der Befriedigung bestimmter Bedürfnisse gehalten werden. Je nach Bedürfnis werden also spezifische Kommunikationskanäle allgemein als besonders angemessen erachtet: entweder interpersonale oder massenmediale, direkte oder technisch vermittelte (Graham, Barbato & Perse, 1993;Perse & Courtright, 1993). Hier erweisen sich -wie oben bereits angedeutet -interpersonale und Massenkommunikation teilweise als funktional komplementär, teilweise aber auch als äquivalent (Cohen & Metzger, 1998;Rubin & Rubin, 1985;Rubin, Perse & Barbato, 1988 ...
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