Idiopathic hand osteoarthritis vs haemochromatosis arthropathy-a clinical, functional and radiographic study

2nd Department of Paediatrics, Medical Faculty, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia, Department of Internal Medicine 3, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany, Department of Internal Medicine 3, Division of Rheumatology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Oberndorf, Oberndorf and Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology at the Hanusch Hospital of WGKK and AUVA Trauma Centre Meidling, 1st Medical Department, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria.
Rheumatology (Oxford, England) (Impact Factor: 4.48). 01/2013; 52(5). DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kes392
Source: PubMed


Haemochromatosis arthropathy is a secondary OA and the most frequent and earliest clinical presentation of hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). The aim of this study was to perform a direct clinical, functional and radiographic comparison with idiopathic hand OA (HOA) to unravel important differences between these clinical entities.

In total, 299 patients (141 with HH arthropathy of the hands and 158 patients with idiopathic HOA) were recruited. Structured clinical assessment including hand function tests, as well as hand radiographs with scoring according to Kellgren-Lawrence, were carried out in all patients.

HH arthropathy and HOA differed significantly: patients with HH arthropathy were younger and predominantly male as compared with HOA. In males but not females, HH arthropathy led to an earlier start of symptoms than in HOA. Patients with HOA had more tender joints and worse hand function than patients with HH arthropathy, although subjective measures of joint pain and function were similar. MCP and wrist joint involvement was more frequent and severe in HH arthropathy, while HOA patients more frequently had degenerative changes in the first CMC as well as PIP and DIP joints.

HH arthropathy and idiopathic HOA differ significantly in terms of epidemiology, localization, severity of symptoms and radiographic changes.

Download full-text


Available from: Tomas Dallos, Oct 13, 2014
  • Source

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) arthroplasty for nonrheumatic arthritis. We hypothesized that MCP arthroplasty would produce significant improvement in objective measures of hand function, pain relief, and overall patient satisfaction. This retrospective study evaluated 30 patients with 38 MCP arthroplasties for nonrheumatic arthritis over a 12-year period. Follow-up assessment was completed at an average of 56 months after surgery. Objective measures included range of motion; grip and pinch strength; Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score; and visual analog pain score. A subjective patient questionnaire was used to assess patient satisfaction. There was marked improvement between preoperative and follow-up range of motion, DASH, and pain. Linear regression showed strong correlations between preoperative measurements and improvement at follow-up. No difference was detected for grip or pinch strength. Results of the questionnaire showed that 73% were very satisfied, 87% would definitely do it again, and 70% experienced rare or no pain. Follow-up x-rays showed 5° mean angulation and 2-mm mean subsidence compared with immediate postoperative x-rays. Four arthroplasties (11%) required revision. This study showed improved range of motion and DASH score, excellent pain relief, and excellent patient satisfaction in patients undergoing MCP arthroplasty for nonrheumatic arthritis. Patients with more severe range of motion limitation, DASH score, and pain score experienced a greater improvement of these measures at follow-up. Strength improvement was limited although it remained comparable to the nonoperated hand. Angulation, subsidence, and complications in the study population were consistent with those reported in the literature. Therapeutic III.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · The Journal of hand surgery
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hand can be a debilitating condition that hinders an individual's quality of life. With multiple joints within the hand that are commonly affected OA, an individual's ability to use their hand in everyday movements become more limited. The article aims to review literature on the aetiology and pathogenesis of OA, risk factors, characteristics of hand OA and the steps of diagnosis. The aetiology and pathogenesis of OA, in particular hand OA, is not fully understood. However, it is known that several factors play a role. Environmental factors, such as stress from mechanical loading, especially to vulnerable joints predispose individuals to developing OA. Extracellular matrix changes in protein levels have also been noted in individuals with OA. Linked to hand OA development are boney enlargements (Herbeden's and Bouchard's nodes). Several risk factors for OA include: age, obesity, gender, smoking, genetics, diet and occupation. Various diagnostic methods include a combination of using radiographic methods, clinical presentation, a number of developed measurements and scales. With OA having several risk factors and various causes and contributing elements, it is important to elucidate the pathogenesis of OA and determine exactly how risk factors play a role in its development. Because of the contributions from several elements, diagnosis is best when it uses multiple methods. In turn, understanding OA and making better diagnoses could lead to improved management of the condition through both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2013
Show more