Split decision

Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Hospital of the Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH) Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany. .
British Journal of Surgery (Impact Factor: 5.54). 02/2013; 100(3):310-2. DOI: 10.1002/bjs.9050
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, resection criteria for colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRCLM) are only limited by remnant liver function. Morbidity and survival after a partial hepatectomy with limited or extended indication criteria were compared. Between 1991 and 2010, patients undergoing a liver resection for CRCLM with limited (n = 169) or extended indication criteria (n = 129) were retrospectively identified in a prospectively collected single-centre database. Limited indication criteria were defined as less than three unilateral, not centrally located liver metastases in the absence of extra hepatic metastases. The extended criteria were only limited by predicted remnant liver volume and patients fitness. Data on co-morbidity, resection margin, short- and long-term morbidity, disease-free (DFS) and overall survival were compared. Patients with limited indications had less major complications (19.5% vs. 33.1%, P < 0.01), longer overall survival of 68.8 months [confidence interval (CI) 46.5-91.1] vs. 41.4 months (CI 33.4-49.0, P ≤ 0.001) and longer median DFS of 22.0 months [confidence interval (CI) 15.8-28.2] vs 10.2 months (CI 8.4-11.9, P < 0.001) compared with the extended indication group. Cure rates, defined as 10-year DFS, were 35.5% and 15.8%, respectively. Fewer patients in the extended indication group underwent an R0 resection (92.9% vs. 77.5%, P < 0.001). Only 17% of all R1 resected patients had recurrences at the transection plane. A partial hepatectomy for CRCLM with extended indications seems justified but is associated with higher complication rates, earlier recurrence and lower overall survival compared with limited indications. However, the median 5-year survival was substantial and a cure was achieved in 15.8% of patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · HPB
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    ABSTRACT: Background Portal vein ligation (PVL) combined with in situ splitting (ISS) has been shown to induce remarkable liver regeneration in patients. The purpose of this study was to establish a model of PVL+ISS in rats for exploring the possible mechanisms of liver regeneration using these techniques. Materials and Methods Rats were randomly assigned to three experimental groups: selective PVL, selective PVL+ISS and sham operation. The hepatic regeneration rate (HRR), Ki-67, liver biochemical determinations and histopathology were assessed at 24, 48, and 72 h and 7 days after the operation. The microcirculation of the median lobes before and after ISS was examined by laser speckle contrast imaging. Meanwhile, cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6, HGF and HSP70 in regenerating liver lobes at 24 h was investigated by RT-PCR and ELISA. Results The HRR of PVL+ISS was much higher than that of the PVL at 72 h and 7 days after surgery (p<0.01). The expression of Ki-67 in hepatocytes in the regenerating liver lobe was stronger in the PVL+ISS group than in the PVL group at 48 and 72 h (p<0.01). There was a significant reduction in microcirculation blood perfusion of the left median lobe before and after ISS. Liver biochemical determinations and histopathology demonstrated more severe hepatocyte injury in the PVL+ISS group. Both the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 and the protein levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and HGF in regenerating liver lobes were higher in the PVL+ISS than the PVL alone. Conclusions The higher HRR in the PVL+ISS compared with the PVL confirmed that we had successfully established a PVL+ISS model in rats. The possible mechanisms included the reduced microcirculation blood perfusion of the left median lobe and up-regulation of cytokines in the regenerating lobes after ISS.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Background The impact of postoperative complications on long-term outcomes after surgery for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) remains controversial. During the last decade, advances in surgical as well as non-surgical treatment have increased resectability and altered outcomes. We sought to determine the influence of postoperative morbidity on disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Methods All patients undergoing liver resection for CRLM for the first time between 2000 and 2011 were retrospectively identified from a prospective database. Postoperative morbidity was classified according to Dindo–Clavien grade. A Dindo–Clavien grade ≥3a was considered a major complication. Primary outcomes were DFS and OS depending on the presence or absence of postoperative morbidity. Results Of the 266 included patients, 97 patients (37 %) developed postoperative complications, of whom 61 (23 %) had major complications. Median DFS and OS (5-year) were 17 and 53 months (42 %). The occurrence of postoperative morbidity did not significantly shorten OS (p = 0.130) and DFS (p = 0.101). However, major morbidity reduced DFS significantly (p
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · World Journal of Surgery