Evaluating the effect of educational media exposure on aggression in early childhood ☆

Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.85). 12/2012; 34(1):38-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2012.09.005


Preschool-aged children (M = 42.44 months-old, SD = 8.02) participated in a short-term longitudinal study investigating the effect of educational media exposure on social development (i.e., aggression and prosocial behavior) using multiple informants and methods. As predicted, educational media exposure significantly predicted increases in both observed and teacher reported relational aggression across time. Follow-up analyses showed that educational media exposure also significantly predicted increases in parent reported relational aggression across more than a two year period. Results replicate and extend prior research that has demonstrated links between educational media exposure and relational aggression, but not physical aggression, during early childhood.

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Human Development
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    ABSTRACT: Media exposure and consumption have become unprecedentedly intense, ubiquitous, diversified, simultaneous, and interactive in the everyday lives of children and adolescents. In this chapter, we address the complex question as to whether media exposure and consumption can represent risk factors in the development of antisocial behavior. More specifically, we selectively review the most recent and sound empirical findings from meta-analyses and longitudinal studies to evaluate the extent to which television/movies, video games, Internet, music, and media in general may influence aggressive behaviors in children and adolescents. We offer nine concluding remarks that pertain to (1) longitudinal impacts of media violence on aggressive behavior; (2) longitudinal effects of aggressive behavior on violent media consumption; (3) effects across research designs; (4) effects of media violence on severe or criminal aggressive behavior; (5) gender differences; (6) confounders or so-called third variables; (7) converse impacts of media with prosocial contents; (8) developmental continuity of violent media consumption; and (9) conceptual balance between biomedical (risks) and psychosocial (growth) models toward a more biopsychosocial perspective. Lastly, future research needs are suggested.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015