Fast 3D Spine Reconstruction of Postoperative Patients Using a Multilevel Statistical Model

Computer Science Dept., Faculty of Engineering, University of Mons, Belgium.
Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention 01/2012; 15(Pt 2):446-53. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-33418-4_55
Source: PubMed


Severe cases of spinal deformities such as scoliosis are usually treated by a surgery where instrumentation (hooks, screws and rods) is installed to the spine to correct deformities. Even if the purpose is to obtain a normal spine curve, the result is often straighter than normal. In this paper, we propose a fast statistical reconstruction algorithm based on a general model which can deal with such instrumented spines. To this end, we present the concept of multilevel statistical model where the data are decomposed into a within-group and a between-group component. The reconstruction procedure is formulated as a second-order cone program which can be solved very fast (few tenths of a second). Reconstruction errors were evaluated on real patient data and results showed that multilevel modeling allows better 3D reconstruction than classical models.

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