Cannabis sativa L., one of the oldest plants known in medicine, is the most widely used illicit drug in the world today. A total of almost 500 natural constituents have been isolated and/or identified from cannabis , with Δ⁹-THC the main biologically active component . The availability of high potency marijuana on the illicit market with unprecedented Δ⁹-THC concentrations (> 20% by dry weight) has renewed our interest in the discovery of new constituents from cannabis. Phytochemical investigation of a high potency variety of C sativa L. resulted in the isolation of six new metabolites, (±)-6,7-trans-epoxycannabigerolic acid (1), (±)-6,7-cis-epoxycannabigerolic acid (2), (±)-6,7-cis-epoxycannabigerol (3), (±)-6,7-trans-epoxycannabigerol (4), 5ʹ-methyl-4-pentylbiphenyl-2,2ʹ,6-triol (5), and 7-methoxycannabispirone (5), along with seven known compounds (cannabigerolic acid, 5ʹ-methoxycannabigerolic acid, cannabispirone, β-cannabispiranol, dehydrocannabifuran, cannaflavin B and cannabigerol). The antimicrobial and antileishmanial activities were investigated. Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the Center of Research Excellence in Natural Products Neuroscience, The University of Mississippi, contract # 1P20RR021929-01, and by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, contract # N01DA-5-7746. We are grateful to Dr. Bharathi Avula for assistance with the HR-ESI-MS, and to Dr. Melissa Jacob and Ms. Marsha Wright for conducting the antimicrobial testing. References:  Grotenhermen F, Russo E, In Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. Grotenhermen F, Russo E, Ed.; The Haworth Press, Inc.: Binghamton, New York, 2002; Definitions and Explanations, pp. xxvii–xxxi.  Clarke RC, Watson DP, In Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. Grotenhermen F, Russo E, Ed.; The Haworth Press, Inc.: Binghamton, New York, 2002; Chapter 1 – Botany of Natural Cannabis Medicines, p.3–14.