Climate change impact on development rates of the codling moth (Cydia pomonella L.) in the Wielkopolska region, Poland

Meteorology Department, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Piatkowska 94, 60649, Poznan, Poland, .
International Journal of Biometeorology (Impact Factor: 3.25). 01/2013; 57(1):31-44. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-012-0531-0
Source: PubMed


The main goal of this paper is to estimate how the observed and predicted climate changes may affect the development rates and emergence of the codling moth in the southern part of the Wielkopolska region in Poland. In order to simulate the future climate conditions one of the most frequently used A1B SRES scenarios and two different IPCC climate models (HadCM3 and GISS modelE) are considered. A daily weather generator (WGENK) was used to generate temperature values for present and future climate conditions (time horizons 2020–2040 and 2040–2060). Based on the generated data set, the degree-days values were then calculated and the emergence dates of the codling moth at key stages were estimated basing on the defined thresholds. Our analyses showed that the average air surface temperature in the Wielkopolska region may increase from 2.8°C (according to GISS modelE) even up to 3.3°C (HadCM3) in the period of 2040–2060. With the warming climate conditions the cumulated degree-days values may increase at a rate of about 142 DD per decade when the low temperature threshold (T
) of 0°C is considered and 91 DD per decade when T
= 10°C. The key developmental stages of the codling moth may occur much earlier in the future climate conditions than currently, at a rate of about 3.8–6.8 days per decade, depending on the considered GCM model and the pest developmental stage. The fastest changes may be observed in the emergence dates of 95% of larvae of the second codling moth generation. This could increase the emergence probability of the pest third generation that has not currently occurred in Poland.

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Available from: Radoslaw Juszczak
    • "Some studies have suggested that the number of generations of codling moth per year could further Acc e p ted P r e p r i nt increase in the future (e.g., Luedeling et al. 2011; Hirschi et al. 2012; Juszczak et al. 2013). Plum curculio is one of the most important pests for pome and stone fruits in eastern North America (Chouinard 2014b; Hock et al. 2014). "
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